Definition of major in English:

major

adjective

  • 1[attributive] Important, serious, or significant:

    ‘the use of drugs is a major problem’
    • ‘Only one major EU nation will allow unrestricted immigration immediately.’
    • ‘A profit warning in August caused a major fall in the share price.’
    • ‘This once great festival has been slipping for several years and it really does need a major shake-up.’
    • ‘One major obstacle in recruitment, however, is beyond the military's control.’
    • ‘There have been three major deals in the last year.’
    • ‘The health fair in February was the second major project the group has undertaken.’
    • ‘The modern Games, and many other major sports festivals, follow a similar format.’
    • ‘This important book is a major contribution to an understanding of British politics and the way it developed.’
    • ‘Two major national marine strategy documents have been produced in the last ten years.’
    • ‘More than 27,000 homes were plunged into darkness by a major power failure.’
    • ‘Human flights to Mars will likely be the next major milestone in humankind's expansion into the solar system.’
    • ‘During her speech, Mrs Hewitt also launched a major consultation on new powers to tackle dodgy doorstep salesmen.’
    • ‘This family has made a major contribution to our social, cultural and historic heritage.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, the added height of the curb under his truck was just enough to snag a major power line.’
    • ‘The second major plus about Kerry's victory on Sunday was the quality of the football they played.’
    • ‘On the other hand, at the regional level, there has yet to be an agreement among Africa's major powers on a common strategy.’
    • ‘His deal may also call for a major participation in another significant revenue steam: home video.’
    • ‘He spoke of the main issues now causing major problems for the fishing industry.’
    • ‘Rail chiefs warned of major disruption to services on the East Coast main line following the derailment.’
    • ‘It is the first major film the Star Wars actor, from Crieff, has made in the town where he got his first theatrical break.’
    crucial, vital, great, considerable, paramount, utmost, prime, extensive
    important, big, significant, weighty, crucial, key, sweeping, substantial
    serious, radical, complicated, difficult
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Greater or more important; main:
      ‘he got the major share of the spoils’
      • ‘All authorities say now that the major part of the diet should be based around whole plant foods.’
      • ‘Chris Smith is well aware that terrestrial broadcasting still commands the major share of viewing.’
      • ‘The major share of the party's vote came from two provinces.’
      • ‘Since then, 48 nations have now signed this treaty, including all the major industrialized countries.’
      • ‘Shares of the major housebuilders have hardly moved at all since the report came out.’
      • ‘Agriculture is still the major industry and the main employer throughout the country.’
      • ‘Accidents, the major cause of deaths in Kerala, can certainly be prevented with broader roads.’
      • ‘We have the highest economic growth of any of the world's major industrialized nations.’
      • ‘The four major theoretical approaches to the field have been realism, liberalism, Marxism, and domestic politics.’
      • ‘A professional video conference is not exactly cheap and this makes the major share of the cost.’
      • ‘Huge demonstrations in the capital city of his major ally would not be good for the image.’
      • ‘There are significant departments at most major banks that cater to this trade.’
      • ‘Heart disease and strokes are major causes of death and ill health in the Western Health Board region.’
      • ‘Cancer is the second major cause of death, after heart disease, in the city.’
      • ‘On all major roads leading into this town are signs boldly identifying Skipton as an historic market town.’
      • ‘Dealing with change is one of the major problems in Europe, if not the major one.’
      • ‘The three major banks all reported record profits this year.’
      • ‘Austria shares the major findings of the Commission in its Regular Report on Bulgaria.’
      • ‘The right wing election agenda shared by the three major parties can be thrown off course by the fights over war and pensions.’
      • ‘Shares in major airlines and travel-related companies fell particularly sharply.’
      greatest, best, finest, most important, chief, main, prime, principal, capital, cardinal, leading, star, foremost, outstanding, first-rate, top-tier, notable, eminent, pre-eminent, arch-, supreme, uppermost
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 (of a surgical operation) serious or life-threatening:
      ‘he had to undergo major surgery’
      • ‘Bertie underwent a major operation some weeks ago and has been recuperating since.’
      • ‘I had a major operation so I was a bit low, but within a day of surgery we were laughing and joking.’
      • ‘A visit to a colposcopy clinic can produce more anxiety than a major surgical procedure.’
      • ‘In the future, the trend will be for shorter recovery periods after major operations.’
      • ‘Knee replacement is a major operation, and therefore, like all surgery, carries a degree of risk’
  • 2Music
    (of a scale) having intervals of a semitone between the third and fourth, and seventh and eighth degrees.

    Contrasted with minor
    • ‘The number of bells in a peal varies from three to 12, usually tuned to a diatonic major scale, or part of one.’
    • ‘Musical literacy requires knowledge of major and minor scales, key signatures, intervals and triad spelling.’
    • ‘Bastien uses the little tune for the first five tones of the major scale.’
    • ‘Every student in the program plays twelve major scales by memory to qualify for one of those three performing bands.’
    • ‘They're not afraid of the occasional use of a major scale, or a long drawn out peaceful ambient break.’
    1. 2.1 (of an interval) equivalent to that between the tonic and another note of a major scale, and greater by a semitone than the corresponding minor interval:
      ‘C to E is a major third’
      • ‘The tension generated throughout the work by the collision of major and minor thirds is left clearly unresolved in these closing bars.’
      • ‘The E-flat transposition (down a major sixth) easily can be accomplished by reading the part as if written in bass clef up one octave.’
    2. 2.2[postpositive] (of a key) based on a major scale, tending to produce a bright or joyful effect:
      ‘Prelude in G Major’
      • ‘Brahms' Trio in B was the subject of the composer's re-write, following the composition and publication of his later trios in C major and C minor.’
      • ‘The Symphony consists of only three movements - a pathetic Allegro in D minor, a highly original Scherzo in the same key, and a blissful Adagio in E major.’
      • ‘I can still remember the effect of his G major sonata, a decade after the concert.’
  • 3British dated (appended to a surname in public schools) indicating the elder of two brothers.

    • ‘Brown major had a trick of bringing up unpleasant topics.’
  • 4Logic
    (of a term) occurring as the predicate in the conclusion of a categorical syllogism.

    • ‘The argument is said to commit the fallacy of Illicit Process of the Major Term.’
    1. 4.1 (of a premise) containing the major term in a categorical syllogism.
      • ‘The second major premise of intelligent design is that life, especially Homo sapiens, is too complex to have just happened.’
      • ‘The multiple proofs of Cicero are collapsed into one Proof of the Reason, which functions as the major premise, while the minor premise serves as the Reason.’
      crucial, vital, great, considerable, paramount, utmost, prime, extensive
      View synonyms

noun

  • 1A rank of officer in the army and the US air force, above captain and below lieutenant colonel.

    • ‘Now the majors have grown into generals in positions of immense power and the complexion of the army has changed drastically.’
    • ‘The patient was an army major who, at the age of 90, had long since retired from her military nursing career.’
    • ‘The major invites me to join him and a few other officers for lunch, typically delicious Army fare.’
    • ‘Taking the major to their headquarters, the French general began to question him.’
    • ‘It was a letter signed by a brigadier and a major of the Sudanese Army.’
    • ‘One morning our door swung open, and the room was suddenly filled with a brigadier, two majors, and our own commanding officer.’
    • ‘A retired British Army major is planning to offer refuge to companies sick of government meddling in the Web.’
    • ‘She has claimed that she would never have made it to the top of British politics without the help of the former army major.’
    • ‘A resident of Canada, married to an army major, she has contented herself with raising six children.’
    • ‘He was an ordinary kind of guy who was drafted into the Army as an enlisted man and ended the war as a major.’
    • ‘The army major has seen his daughter for 12 days in the past two years.’
    • ‘Most of the soldiers in the queue were grizzled captains and majors.’
    • ‘The officer in front, a major, bent and jabbed him with his swagger stick.’
    • ‘The head of the corps would have the title of colonel but receive the lower pay of an army major.’
    • ‘His colleagues, a major, warrant officer and another corporal, were killed.’
    • ‘We were frightened of absconding because we thought the major might have us court-martialled.’
    • ‘While the generals debated how to mandate a revolution, the captains and majors quietly implemented one.’
    • ‘They have a son Marcus, an Army major with the Highlanders regiment and a daughter, Susan, who lives in Devon.’
    • ‘On Thursday, the senator agreed to lift his hold on promotions of 127 Air Force captains and majors.’
    • ‘One e-mail avowed that too many majors and lieutenant colonels flounder in their first joint assignments.’
    1. 1.1[with modifier] An officer in charge of a section of band instruments:
      ‘a trumpet major’
      • ‘In the foreground, a vast crowd marches in front of a military band led by a drum major whose face is recognizable as that of Emile Littre.’
      • ‘Do you want to become a trumpet major at a Canadian university or school of music?’
      • ‘During the service, the Ambassador delivered a message of thanks from his country, and a pipe major played a lament at the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior.’
  • 2Music
    A major key, interval, or scale.

    • ‘A two-bar episode leads to the soprano middle entry in the relative major.’
    • ‘To avoid unnecessary chromaticism, scales other than the major are based on different sol-fa notes.’
    • ‘In the next pair of variations, we return to the major, with a lively anapest rhythm.’
    • ‘The first modulates from the tonic key and concludes with a cadence in a related key, usually the dominant for pieces in the major, the relative major for pieces in the minor.’
    • ‘By contrast, almost all of the melodies here are built on the major, the most boring of scales.’
    1. 2.1Bell-ringing A system of change-ringing using eight bells.
  • 3A major organization or competition:

    ‘the majors have swept up the smaller independent companies in licensing deals’
    ‘it's not unreasonable to believe someone can win all four majors’
    [with modifier] ‘the oil majors had a profit bonanza’
    • ‘So it is that, while Faldo outnumbers him six to five in terms of majors won, it is the man from Pedrena whom history will anoint the more significant.’
    • ‘DiMarco now joins Colin Montgomerie as the only two players to lose two play-offs without winning a major.’
    • ‘Tiger Woods has won more majors by himself than the other three combined.’
    • ‘The news from the two oil service majors comes amid a fairly heavy week for corporate news from Scotland's mid-caps.’
    • ‘This year the majors are on courses that will suit me.’
    • ‘I never thought I'd be in a position to win all four majors.’
    • ‘Weir, the US Masters champion, is still favourite to collect his second major of the year.’
    • ‘With his first Open, he became only the fourth golfer to win all four majors.’
    • ‘Oil majors last night warned that petrol prices might have to rise as fears of oil market disruption drove up crude prices by more than $3.50 per barrel.’
    • ‘I think he will win majors and compete with Woods in the future.’
    • ‘Buoyed by high crude prices, Western oil majors are reporting outsize profits.’
    • ‘And that added pressure - we have four majors a year, but only one Olympiad every four years.’
    • ‘Player is one of five golfers to win all four majors.’
    • ‘It is, of course, in the majors that Monty's emotional frailties have been most exposed.’
    • ‘Scott can dazzle but has missed the cut in eight of the 15 majors he has played, including last year's Masters.’
    • ‘The Greens are on a roll now, and that's because because the public want change, real change, and the majors weren't listening.’
    • ‘Most of the low-cost airlines leave the majority of business travelers to the majors.’
    • ‘After his low-key build-up to the season's first major, he would be excused another near miss.’
    • ‘Players, most notably Tiger Woods, have been asked to boycott the season's first major.’
    • ‘Now he is competing among the best of the world's golfers in the second major of the 2001 calendar.’
    • ‘He would also become the first player to win the season's first two majors since Nicklaus in 1972.’
  • 4North American A student's principal subject or course:

    ‘many students would ignore courses outside their major’
    • ‘It is no surprise that Cornell is offering majors in disciplines so important to the wine industry.’
    • ‘On the other hand, students who have specialized majors in the sciences may wish to develop more general communications and analytical skills.’
    • ‘Students have a second chance to change to their favourite majors in college.’
    • ‘Even if it is not my major in college or part of my job, I want to doodle and paint throughout my life for my own enjoyment.’
    • ‘The Ministry of Education recently issued a list of subjects and majors that leading universities nationwide offer.’
    • ‘An undergraduate major in anthropology not only provides a sound Liberal Arts education but also gives students a needed edge in today's fiercely competitive job market.’
    • ‘So many of our students today bring intense pragmatism to their choice of courses and majors.’
    • ‘Penny completed her BA at Rhodes University last year with majors in Drama and English.’
    • ‘Your academic advisor is the next source to tap into about college majors and courses as well as jobs related to the field.’
    • ‘The individualized major in business administration provides the opportunity for a broad survey of business subjects.’
    • ‘It is possible for you to plan a program that would include preparation for more than one major, an easy task if the majors in question have some lower division requirements in common.’
    • ‘Renovations will make this practically a new course for the final major of the year.’
    • ‘Choosing a major in college is one of the most important decisions a student makes, but you needn't lose sleep over it.’
    • ‘They are required to have a college diploma at least, and their majors in universities must be related to law or psychology.’
    • ‘On the contrary, a major in languages will open up more career options and make you more competitive on the job market.’
    • ‘The School of Natural Sciences will add new majors in the upcoming years as student enrollment and resources increase.’
    • ‘The notion of integrating the goals of liberal education into students' majors was taken seriously.’
    • ‘To complete the following majors in four years, you must begin in these majors as freshmen and generally complete 16 to 18 credits per term.’
    • ‘Early in the program, a few students transferred out of the AGECO into majors with fewer course requirements.’
    • ‘Other college dance programs encourage students to take additional majors and minors outside of dance.’
    1. 4.1[often with modifier] A student specializing in a specified subject:
      ‘a math major’
      • ‘They had all studied English in middle and high school and many were English majors in college.’
      • ‘This last course is a class for art education majors and art majors interested in teaching.’
      • ‘Only the private liberal arts colleges seemed to lag noticeably, but they still reported an average of 17 percent more majors in their departments.’
      • ‘We begin testing nursing majors as they enter their first nursing courses in the sophomore year.’
      • ‘We propose two rationales for using primary research articles in a course for non-science majors.’
      • ‘In the senior class alone, seventy students are Economics majors.’
      • ‘The report covers the changing design and management of undergraduate majors in colleges of agriculture.’
      • ‘All majors in honors must complete at least one semester of study abroad in a French-speaking country.’
      • ‘Though there are about 20 classics majors in the Class of 2008, the department is still notably larger than it has been in recent years.’
      • ‘He's also teaching mathematics to non math majors at my old alma mater.’
      • ‘As a group, these respondents were generally representative of elementary education majors at the university.’
      • ‘Every undergrad theater major knows that the core of drama is conflict between people.’
      • ‘So I said that she had previously gone to the class for the undergraduate majors, but this one was for the graduate students.’
      • ‘In my opinion the book is mandatory reading for all college majors in the social sciences.’
      • ‘This discussion is central because most of the students that we see in our introductory courses are non-science majors.’
      • ‘These data can be compared with qualitative internal focus group data collected from majors close to graduation.’
      • ‘Nearly all the English majors have read Paradise Lost, but not Genesis.’
      • ‘Also, those courses are often designed to weed out weaker students from prospective majors.’
      • ‘This is a great loss not only for the majors and students within the department but also for the entire college.’
      • ‘You don't have to be a math major to see that his plan is just plain dumb for retirees.’
  • 5Logic
    A major term or premise.

  • 6Bridge

    ‘South was anxious to mention his four-card major and bid one spade’
    short for major suit
    • ‘He figured out that North must have had plenty of strength in both majors, and a singleton or even a void in diamonds.’
    • ‘The Americans used more familiar methods: five-card majors and a 16-18 1NT with weak Two-bids in three suits.’
  • 7Australian Rules Football
    A goal.

    • ‘The Cats were the only goal scorers in the second quarter with one major, sending them in at half time 17 points ahead.’
    • ‘Solly has also pushed forward on a few occasion and contributed 14 majors.’
    • ‘For Rovers it was Clifford Tommy who registered majors with one in the second and then the third quarter.’

verb

[NO OBJECT]major in
North American, Australian, NZ
  • Specialize in (a particular subject) at college or university:

    ‘I was trying to decide if I should major in drama or English’
    • ‘Brown is a graduate from Washington University who majored in English literature.’
    • ‘Madden graduated from Buffalo State University, where he majored in art education.’
    • ‘She is currently a part-time student in her first at York University where she is majoring in French Studies.’
    • ‘In Saudi Arabia, nearly one in five undergraduates majors in Islamic studies.’
    • ‘Born in Saskatchewan, Grant sowed the seeds for her specialty by majoring in psychology at the University of Saskatchewan.’
    • ‘While at the reservation, Ben enrolled in the local university where he majored in wildlife biology.’
    • ‘I've been a long time fan of television, even going so far as to major in it in college.’
    • ‘He is an undergrad student majoring in journalism at the University of Minnesota.’
    • ‘Vickie attended Nebraska Wesleyan University, where she majored in Chemistry and Spanish.’
    • ‘All students proposing to major in Humanities must first be admitted to the Humanities Honors Program.’
    • ‘She even has ambitions to return to college and major in interior design and business.’
    • ‘He actually went to school at University of Pennsylvania, majoring in biology.’
    • ‘His love of art continued after high school, and he attended Towson State University where he majored in art.’
    • ‘A member of Trinity College's class from Newton, Massachusetts, he majored in history and religion.’
    • ‘I also had four students who would be majoring in art education in college.’
    • ‘He majored in transportation at the University of Texas at Austin.’
    • ‘It wasn't until my senior year of high school that I decided to major in special education.’
    • ‘I am now a graduate student majoring in journalism at University of Missouri-Columbia.’
    • ‘He is a university graduate who majored in architecture and engineering.’
    • ‘Alice went to the Santa Fe State University and majored in communication and minored in Spanish.’
    • ‘After high school Lamb went to Delaware State University, where he majored in political science.’
    study, do, take
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Latin, comparative of magnus great; perhaps influenced by French majeur.

Pronunciation:

major

/ˈmeɪdʒə/