Definition of macerate in English:



  • 1(especially with reference to food) soften or become softened by soaking in a liquid.

    with object ‘macerate the mustard seeds in vinegar’
    no object ‘the fruit was allowed to macerate before fermentation’
    • ‘Purified proglotids were macerated to release the eggs and these were obtained by filtration in metallic meshes.’
    • ‘Identifying the prey of the giant squid, Achiteuthis dux, is not easy since they finely macerate their food.’
    • ‘The grapes are destalked and crushed, and the skins briefly macerated to preserve as much as possible of the aroma and flavour of the grapes during fermentation.’
    • ‘The mycelium was filtered and washed five times with distilled water before being mixed with distilled water and macerated in a blender to produce a slurry containing 7.2 mg ml - 1 of dry mass mycelium.’
    • ‘They are pounded in a mortar, macerated, strained, distilled, left in the sun or buried in the ground or in an ant-hill - presumably to maintain an even temperature.’
    • ‘The root tips were macerated in a mixture of ethanol and hydrochloric acid for 2 min at room temperature.’
    • ‘Four of the sections used in the UAE studies were macerated in Jeffrey's solution.’
    • ‘Samples of washed roots were macerated in KOH solution for 1 h at 90°C in a water bath.’
    • ‘Root caps were removed and the meristem was placed in a drop of 45% acetic acid on a clean microscope slide, macerated and squashed between slide and coverslip.’
    • ‘It had been macerated and marinated for three days in a mixture of herbs and spices which infused its flesh.’
    • ‘The dried bark must first be reduced to a fine powder, and macerated in a fixed oil at a temperature of 40C for 24 hours.’
    • ‘In China, paper was formed by suspending macerated vegetable fibers in water and pouring the liquid onto a woven screen.’
    • ‘Leaves from adults were macerated with liquid nitrogen and then 75 mg of the tissue was mixed with 375 ml of extraction buffer.’
    • ‘His next sortie was to Russia to work for Tsar Alexander, for whom he created Strawberries Romanoff, in which strawberries are macerated in orange juice and Cointreau and served with chilled crème Chantilly.’
    • ‘In partially macerated seed coats, this layer was found to have a sealed outer face and a mesh-like inner face.’
    • ‘Organisms in and on the sand grains are manipulated towards the mouth along the food grooves, and then exposed and/or macerated by the crushing action of the Aristotle's lantern.’
    • ‘The needles were bleached with a 4% sodium hypochloride solution which macerates the mesophyll, and vascular and epidermal tissue were brushed off.’
    • ‘Unlike most pink champagnes, LP is made the old-fashioned way by macerating the Pinot Noir grape's pigment-rich skins with the juice.’
    • ‘Infusing, distilling, macerating, deglazing and reducing - all, in one way or another, contribute to the essence of a final product.’
    • ‘The roots were plunged into liquid nitrogen 2-3 times and this was interspersed with macerating the root tissue by depressing the syringe plunger several times.’
    pulp, mash, squash, soften, liquefy, soak, steep, infuse
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  • 2archaic with object Cause to waste away by fasting.

    ‘these men lodged in tombs and macerated themselves with fasting’
    • ‘She already macerated her poor little body and had resolved never to refuse the requests of the unfortunate.’
    • ‘Cancer macerated her body and soul.’


Mid 16th century: from Latin macerat- ‘made soft, soaked’, from macerare ‘to soften’.