Definition of Macedonian phalanx in English:

Macedonian phalanx

noun

  • The characteristic formation of the Macedonian army, consisting of infantry armed with long two-handed pikes and marshalled sixteen-deep in close formation (introduced by Philip II, king of Macedonia 395–36 b.c., as an improvement on the earlier Greek hoplite infantry).

Origin

Late 16th century; earliest use found in Thomas Washington (fl. 1585).