Definition of Macedonian in English:



  • 1A native or inhabitant of the republic of Macedonia.

    • ‘The modern Macedonian state is formed from one of communist Yugoslavia's six constituent republics where the Macedonians were recognized as a distinct people.’
    • ‘The Macedonians drive like the Italians.’
    • ‘Should you decide to visit Bulgaria, you will share your tourist status with Czechs, Russians, Serbs, Israelis, Romanians and Macedonians, who have been coming here for years.’
    • ‘In many schools in Perth there is a mix of Italians, Greeks, Macedonians, and those of British and Irish descent.’
    • ‘By getting a Bulgarian passport, a Macedonian will be then able to travel freely around the Schengen countries.’
    1. 1.1 A native of ancient Macedonia.
      • ‘The ancient Macedonians were considered non-Greek but are claimed as co-nationals by the modern Greeks.’
      • ‘The Persian and Egyptian temples and palaces were a tempting invitation to Alexander's Macedonians and the later Romans, Mamluks, Arabs and Turks, which the subject populace did not too eagerly defend.’
      • ‘The terrain, the monsoons, the fierce tribes, all combined with the long years of campaigning to take some of the heart out of the Macedonians.’
      • ‘Its accomplishments so far eclipsed anything that had ever been done, Alexander and his Macedonians entered into legend.’
      • ‘Isocrates urged the Macedonian to use his power for the good of the Hellenic world as a whole.’
    2. 1.2 A native or inhabitant of Macedonia in modern Greece.
      • ‘When two Greeks discuss about their origins, they say “I am a Cretan” or “I am a Macedonian”.’
      • ‘I was born in Greek Macedonia, specifically in the city of Edessa, and so I identify myself as follows: an Edessian, a Macedonian, a Greek, a Balkan, and a European.’
      • ‘I myself am a Macedonian, and another two and a half million Greeks are Macedonians.’
      • ‘One million people in Greece consider themselves Macedonians.’
  • 2[mass noun] The Southern Slavic language of the republic of Macedonia and adjacent parts of Bulgaria.

    • ‘As part of her responsibility, she may be called upon to translate documents from Macedonian into English.’
    • ‘The Macedonian Peoples Republic (with Macedonian as the official language) was established in 1944.’
    • ‘They published several newspapers and magazines in Macedonian and other Slavic languages, and found an interested readership.’
    • ‘Since 1997 the Bulgarian government has acknowledged Macedonian as a separate language.’
    • ‘Like most Slavonic languages, Macedonian is written in the Cyrillic alphabet.’
    1. 2.1 The language of ancient Macedonia, probably a dialect of Greek.
      • ‘For instance, during his argument with Clitus, which led to his good friend's death, at the end Alexander is said to have called for his guards in Macedonian when he felt his life threatened.’
      • ‘Entering the lecture hall, Maridakis asked a question in Greek, to be sharply told that speaking in Macedonian was not welcome.’


  • Relating to Macedonia or Macedonian.

    • ‘The Aitolians, whose power had been steadily rising since their triumph over the Gauls at Delphi in 279, were an obvious threat to Macedonian hegemony.’
    • ‘In ancient Greece the tendency towards greater professionalism reached its climax with the Macedonian army of Alexander the Great.’
    • ‘Alexander personally led the right, which held the Macedonian cavalry.’
    • ‘The Macedonian phalanx was Philip's creation, extended by Alexander.’
    • ‘This was possible because the Macedonian shield was smaller than the hoplite shield, and because each soldier, instead of wielding a spear or sword, used both hands to hold a long pike steady in front of him.’