Definition of Lyceum in English:


proper noun

  • 1The garden at Athens in which Aristotle taught philosophy.

    1. 1.1as noun the Lyceum Aristotelian philosophy and its followers.
      • ‘Theophrastus sustained the Aristotelian character of the Lyceum.’
      • ‘Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum were located in gymnasia.’
      • ‘And, of course, the Romans already had the example of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum.’
      • ‘Women like Isabel Babson were often active in the Lyceum and devoted more time to pursuing the relationships between nature, aesthetics and metaphysics.’
      • ‘On Aristotle's death, his friend and pupil Theophrastus assumed his mantle, and under him the Lyceum remained a focus of scientific and philosophical study.’
      • ‘Aristotle lived in Athens much of his life, founded a school of philosophy called the Lyceum, and is usually reckoned to be the founder of logic.’
      • ‘By the second century AD, the Lyceum was again a flourishing center of philosophical activity.’
    2. 1.2as noun a lyceumUS archaic A literary institution, lecture hall, or teaching place.
      • ‘Like a professor addressing a lyceum, she looked both friends in the eyes, and locked their attention into her voice.’
      • ‘Virginia City boasted two churches, a theater, and a lyceum.’
      • ‘He has much to say about Emerson's later career as a lyceum lecturer, little about his early career as a Unitarian minister.’
      • ‘Simionescu's husband was the head of a lyceum in Onesti specialising in physical education and sport (it was renamed the Nadia Comaneci School in 1994).’
      • ‘But other forms of education - in the home, at church, through lyceums and public lectures, by apprenticeship, and so on - were also more active in North than South.’


Via Latin from Greek Lukeion, neuter of Lukeios, epithet of Apollo (from whose neighbouring temple the Lyceum was named).