Definition of Lyceum in English:


proper noun

  • 1The garden at Athens in which Aristotle taught philosophy.

    1. 1.1as noun the Lyceum Aristotelian philosophy and its followers.
      • ‘Aristotle lived in Athens much of his life, founded a school of philosophy called the Lyceum, and is usually reckoned to be the founder of logic.’
      • ‘Women like Isabel Babson were often active in the Lyceum and devoted more time to pursuing the relationships between nature, aesthetics and metaphysics.’
      • ‘Theophrastus sustained the Aristotelian character of the Lyceum.’
      • ‘On Aristotle's death, his friend and pupil Theophrastus assumed his mantle, and under him the Lyceum remained a focus of scientific and philosophical study.’
      • ‘Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum were located in gymnasia.’
      • ‘By the second century AD, the Lyceum was again a flourishing center of philosophical activity.’
      • ‘And, of course, the Romans already had the example of Plato's Academy and Aristotle's Lyceum.’
    2. 1.2as noun a lyceumUS archaic A literary institution, lecture hall, or teaching place.
      • ‘Virginia City boasted two churches, a theater, and a lyceum.’
      • ‘He has much to say about Emerson's later career as a lyceum lecturer, little about his early career as a Unitarian minister.’
      • ‘But other forms of education - in the home, at church, through lyceums and public lectures, by apprenticeship, and so on - were also more active in North than South.’
      • ‘Like a professor addressing a lyceum, she looked both friends in the eyes, and locked their attention into her voice.’
      • ‘Simionescu's husband was the head of a lyceum in Onesti specialising in physical education and sport (it was renamed the Nadia Comaneci School in 1994).’


Via Latin from Greek Lukeion, neuter of Lukeios, epithet of Apollo (from whose neighbouring temple the Lyceum was named).