Main definitions of lump in English

: lump1lump2

lump1

noun

  • 1A compact mass of a substance, especially one without a definite or regular shape:

    ‘there was a lump of ice floating in the milk’
    • ‘The performance paid a kind of homage to how long it takes to grow a lump of coal compared to a clump of rice.’
    • ‘Take a small of lump of dough, and roll it into a ball.’
    • ‘I turned away and slid back down the mound, only to feel a lump of something at my feet.’
    • ‘Then it's all nicely combined into a big lump of dough.’
    • ‘The cloak's clasp was a lump of pewter in the shape of a skull, and his eyes were the coldest blue I'd ever seen.’
    • ‘Alex stared down at the lump of an unknown substance currently residing on his lunch tray.’
    • ‘The shopkeeper had placed a small lump of coal in the centre of each to avert the evil eye.’
    • ‘A statue, for instance, is a kind of object which, unlike a lump of bronze, cannot survive much change to its shape.’
    • ‘How could a lump of bronze cease to exist merely for this reason?’
    • ‘I started with a lump of clay and pulled it up into a cylinder.’
    • ‘Tearing a piece from a large lump of kneaded dough on the metal table, the master baker swiftly rolled it out into a long, tube-like form.’
    • ‘Since then, a lump of concrete has been thrown at his house.’
    • ‘Police have branded two boys who threw a lump of concrete at a truck travelling on a busy Braintree road as ‘irresponsible and stupid’.’
    • ‘We go to London to talks to a geologist at the Natural History Museum about meteors and a lump of what might be the moon which landed on the Nullabor Plain in Australia.’
    • ‘After everyone had eaten, she handed them each a lump of the sticky substance.’
    • ‘They became enthralled as the lumps of clay transformed into lively pots with animal characteristics.’
    • ‘Jumping on my bed, I found a fat lump under my covers.’
    • ‘On one occasion, a lump of a stone was hurdled through her bedroom window and landed on the floor after passing over her while she slept inside.’
    • ‘Michael will talk about the book and use a lump of stone and a piece of gold to illustrate themes of alchemy.’
    • ‘To make these stamps the students fashioned a small lump of clay into a shape like a small rubber stamp.’
    chunk, wedge, hunk, piece, mass, block, slab, cake, nugget, ball, brick, cube, dab, pat, knob, clod, gobbet, dollop, wad, clump, cluster, mound, concentration
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A swelling under the skin, especially one caused by injury or disease:
      ‘he was unhurt apart from a huge lump on his head’
      • ‘There was a gash in his left calf where a rock or something and cut through his pants and into his leg and a huge lump on the back of his head.’
      • ‘Occasionally, hard, tender lumps appear near the scars or along the line of the removed veins.’
      • ‘If you find anything unusual during a self-exam (like a lump or swelling), see your doctor right away.’
      • ‘Adam turns about to show him the lump on the back of his head.’
      • ‘Often we are not battered to the point that we display horrendous scars, visible bruises or lumps and bumps.’
      • ‘She went through surgery to remove a cancerous lump on her right breast and 17 surrounding lymph nodes.’
      • ‘Her head started pounding, so she lifted a hand to the area where she had bumped her head and winced when she felt the forming swelling of a lump.’
      • ‘From March to September last year, he believed he had beaten the disease but the lump in his neck returned and on October 16 he was told the cancer had returned.’
      • ‘All patients complained of swelling or lumps in the affected area with no nipple retraction or discharge.’
      • ‘In most instances, there is no need for anesthesia, especially for lumps and bumps that are felt underneath the skin.’
      • ‘If the discomfort is associated with other symptoms, such as a lump or skin changes, see a doctor as soon as possible.’
      • ‘If you notice a lump or swelling anywhere on your body, have it checked by your doctor.’
      • ‘Some problems may be detected-and treated-early by examining your pet weekly for lumps, bumps and skin irritations.’
      • ‘After having two benign lumps removed, she had her procedures done just to play it safe.’
      • ‘Ask your doctor to check you over if you find an unexplained, tender lump on your head.’
      • ‘Her mother also had a benign lump removed.’
      • ‘My face is swollen and I've got a huge lump on my gum that throbs.’
      • ‘She gingerly felt the huge lump on the back of her head and winced - it hurt a lot.’
      • ‘I know of people who suffered the lumps and bumps of skin cancers and the inevitable dire consequences.’
      • ‘My son was in great pain, had developed a huge lump in his groin area and after a series of frantic telephone calls the only option was the Hospital.’
      swelling, bump, bulge, protuberance, protrusion, growth, outgrowth, carbuncle, hump, tumour, wen, boil, blister, wart, corn, eruption, node, contusion
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    2. 1.2 A small cube of sugar.
      • ‘In contrast, having them sing is like using two lumps of sugar when one will do.’
      • ‘Feeding him a few lumps of sugar, she was finally able to coax him into allowing her to put on his saddle.’
      • ‘She poured herself a cup of tea, adding three lumps of sugar since she loved sweets, and sipped it noisily.’
      • ‘Reaching into his pocket, he pulled out two small lumps of sugar and gave one to each horse.’
      • ‘Within seconds of meeting him, this sense of mystique has dissolved, along with the lumps of brown sugar being heaped into our coffee cups.’
      • ‘Paritutu was first discovered by Pakeha in 1770 when Captain Cook sailed down the coast and named the islands after the lumps of sugar he put in his tea.’
      • ‘I drop two lumps of brown sugar into my cup and pour the coffee and milk in together.’
      • ‘Substitute old-fashioned lumps of sugar or ordinary lumps of sugar, crushed.’
      • ‘Hope frowned, her attention focused on stirring two lumps of sugar into her breakfast tea.’
      • ‘He put artificial sweetener in his tea instead of his normal three lumps of sugar.’
      • ‘There's a trail bar and a cup of tea for everyone, one lump of sugar in each cup.’
      • ‘This is a nasty piece of thin elastic upon which hollow compressed lumps of sugar and colourings are threaded.’
      • ‘The rocks reminded him of the lumps of sugar he used to stir into his tea - so they became the Sugar Loaf Islands.’
      • ‘That protocol almost gives prisoners two lumps of sugar in every cup of tea they want.’
    3. 1.3informal A heavy, ungainly, or slow-witted person:
      ‘I won't stand a chance against a big lump like you’
      • ‘He could not contemplate life without his holding midfield player, his big lump up front, his defenders who defend, his channel ball, his pressing game.’
      • ‘He may look pretty - at least by comparison with me - but he's a big lump, and puts it about.’
      • ‘They were just wonderful, beyond wonderful for such a bunch of big hairy lumps, and it was great to see them playing a small-ish venue.’
      • ‘Getting stared at by a young girl still fascinated by big western lumps?’
      • ‘So long as he and his fellow big lumps fulfil their obligations, Celtic will be through to the third round.’
      • ‘Sure, all of the athletes are superbly trained and conditioned, and big lumps to boot.’
      • ‘Buy yourself a new suit, get a haircut and for goodness' sake smile, you great lump.’
  • 2British the lumpinformal The state of being self-employed and paid without deduction of tax, especially in the building industry:

    ‘‘Working?’ ‘Only on the lump, here and there’’
    [as modifier] ‘lump labour’

verb

  • 1[with object and adverbial] Put in an indiscriminate mass or group; treat as alike without regard for particulars:

    ‘Hong Kong and Bangkok tend to be lumped together in holiday brochures’
    ‘Nigel didn't like being lumped in with prisoners’
    • ‘But asylum seekers have been so demonized in Britain that all blame has gravitated to the detainees, who have been lumped together as ungrateful arsonists.’
    • ‘Defense contractors, for instance, might object to being lumped in with gaming companies or brewers.’
    • ‘For lack of a better word for it I lump all the small things that go into the formation of a proper co-operative attitude to others in government under this heading.’
    • ‘Before they've heard us sing, they've lumped us in with a load of other people and they don't realise that we are the genuine article.’
    • ‘Why do politicians always insist on lumping all drugs together?’
    • ‘Because statistics were so poorly kept in general, and Slavs were so often lumped together or confused with other groups, it is not known how many Croatians entered the United States during the Great Migration.’
    • ‘Inevitably, those things I buy that are new to the wider world will get lumped together in my mind with those that are simply new to me, sometimes to the detriment of new stuff.’
    • ‘The very thought that I will be lumped in with lovers of such horrid dreck makes me physically ill.’
    • ‘In it, he lumps together the several philosophies that have fallen under that label.’
    • ‘One revealing aspect of this legislation is the way in which the assembly lumped all smiths together as competent and needed to handle gun repair.’
    • ‘It seems to me that fantastically imaginative fiction tends to be lumped in with the whole science fiction genre.’
    • ‘The people that this most damages are women with a genuine grievances whose cases have not been properly aired or investigated because they are lumped in with other settlements that make better media copy.’
    • ‘I think that he should name names if there is foundation in what he says, because I frankly resent being lumped in with everyone else.’
    • ‘And I just didn't like them lumping us all together, because we are all different.’
    • ‘Those who argue this way are lumping together two very different things - threats and violence, on the one hand, and criticisms of judges on the other.’
    • ‘The Black Heart Procession are one of those bands that get lumped under the lazy catch-all ‘Americana’.’
    • ‘It was lumped in with other illicit drugs in the USA in the 1930s and we followed suit.’
    • ‘Although often lumped together, the two are distinct.’
    • ‘Everyone is lumped together by body mass index, a measure of obesity, instead.’
    • ‘Hence, I don't know whether this latest release deserves to be lumped in with those earlier works.’
    combine, put, group, bunch, aggregate, unite, pool, mix, blend, merge, mass, join, fuse, conglomerate, coalesce, consolidate, collect, throw, consider together
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object] (in taxonomy) classify plants or animals in relatively inclusive groups, disregarding minor variations:
      ‘many arguments are based on one side lumping and the other splitting’
      • ‘Genetic information can be used to classify and lump, split and separate, identify and admit.’
  • 2British [with object and adverbial of direction] Carry (a heavy load) somewhere with difficulty:

    ‘the coalman had to lump one-hundredweight sacks right through the house’
    • ‘I worked in a supermarket, lumping sacks of spuds around.’

Phrases

  • a lump in the throat

    • A feeling of tightness or dryness in the throat caused by strong emotion, especially sadness:

      ‘there was a lump in her throat as she gazed down at her uncle's gaunt features’
      • ‘It's a film that would have caused a lump in the throat, had the director just built a plot around a man whose biological and mental age are inversely proportional - he is an adult with the mind of a seven-year-old.’
      • ‘My voice trembled as I addressed the class for the very last time. I felt a lump in the throat, but I managed to gulp it down.’
      • ‘Indeed, eight of the 10 top love stories listed leave you with a lump in the throat.’
      • ‘And every time I say, it causes a lump in the throat, that he resigned as a co-conspirator in a widespread criminal conspiracy.’
      • ‘Tonight it may be his last speech to the nation as Prime Minister, and there will be a lump in the throat.’
      • ‘The film is nice in parts, but they don't add up to either leave a lump in the throat or cause an abiding smile on your face.’
      • ‘Tears flowed freely and as their schoolmates roared No Surrender and You'll Never Walk Alone to the skies, even the neutral observer could feel the presence of a lump in the throat.’
      • ‘When we sing the national anthem, half of the squad has a lump in the throat.’
      • ‘Like the TV shows, audiences are never sure if they are going to have a laugh or a lump in the throat from one moment to the next.’
      • ‘There are others, potential nominees whom the president might have chosen, who probably also feel a lump in the throat when they think about the Supreme Court, but it is caused by anger rather than reverence.’
  • take (or get) one's lumps

    • informal Suffer punishment; be attacked or defeated:

      ‘Jason decided to lie doggo and let Faraday take his lumps’
      • ‘After several explosive years when their market research and analysis services could barely keep up with demand, and their conferences regularly sold out months in advance, analyst firms are taking their lumps along with their clients.’
      • ‘Good people did not do that in 1971; we took our lumps.’
      • ‘I wish the guy would take his lumps for writing a controversial book, move on, and write something else.’
      • ‘But these problems are mounting and Republicans may have to take their lumps in the midterm elections instead.’
      • ‘Chiropractors have been taking their lumps lately.’
      • ‘We must eliminate our national debt by either making our currency less in value, taking our lumps and paying it off, or do the equivalent of going bankrupt as a country.’
      • ‘‘I took my lumps, got a job, and went on with life,’ says Stan.’
      • ‘It's time for the behemoths of the airline industry to take their lumps.’
      • ‘So as the kids snickered and sarcastically posed for pictures, Dad silently took his lumps.’
      • ‘It's a tale of two grown-ups who loved, lost, took their lumps, still loved, and hope to live happily ever after, despite everything…’

Origin

Middle English: perhaps from a Germanic base meaning ‘shapeless piece’; compare with Danish lump lump, Norwegian and Swedish dialect lump block, log, and Dutch lomp rag.

Pronunciation:

lump

/lʌmp/

Main definitions of lump in English

: lump1lump2

lump2

verb

lump it
informal
  • Accept or tolerate a disagreeable situation whether one likes it or not:

    ‘you can like it or lump it but I've got to work’
    • ‘But she's gonna do things her way, and the rest of us'll just have to lump it.’
    • ‘If the employer doesn't like it, he can either lump it, find a fool for an employee, or pay more.’
    • ‘It seems that we are all told to like it or lump it, yet there is no legislation to help set fairly precise demarcation lines.’
    • ‘We also need to reintroduce the spirit of competition because, like it or lump it, Scotland has to compete in the global world.’
    • ‘Like it or lump it; if you live in a neighbourhood, that makes you a neighbour.’
    • ‘Democracy didn't once enter the equation and the seven counties who had meticulously crafted suitable wordings so that the issue could be debated were effectively told to like it or lump it.’
    • ‘‘The bulk of people are very unhappy about this, but they feel they have been told to like it or lump it,’ he said.’
    • ‘Sometimes one longs for the days gone by, when film makers made just one good product and had sufficient confidence in their ability to leave it to the intelligence of audiences of all ages to like it or lump it.’
    • ‘Now, like it or lump it, sex abuse and other horrible things are part of today's society.’
    • ‘Family comes before football and, like it or lump it, family comes first and it seems the move has to be made.’
    • ‘There is just this assumption that we are a capitalist society and that's it, like it or lump it.’
    • ‘From that moment on, the world acquiesced in capitalism: like it or lump it, there was no other alternative in town.’
    • ‘The argument of the book seems to run thus: Globalisation, like it or lump it, is an unstoppable force.’
    • ‘So like it or lump it, it is Labour for another term.’
    • ‘We're going to do it this way, and you can like it or lump it.’
    • ‘Local people must learn to live with it or lump it.’
    • ‘But now they have got all the equipment installed, I think we are going to have to like it or lump it.’
    • ‘Ordinarily, they'd just have to lump it, right?’
    • ‘She has to lump it - or ‘reimagine’ a new way to clean a urinal.’
    • ‘And even if you don't buy this vision of the world, you just have to lump it and swallow it.’
    put up with it, bear it, endure it, take it, tolerate it, suffer it, accept it, make allowances for it, abide it, brook it, weather it, countenance it
    thole it
    stick it, stomach it, stand it, swallow it, hack it, wear it
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 16th century (in the sense ‘look sulky’): symbolic of displeasure; compare with words such as dump and grump. The current sense dates from the early 19th century.

Pronunciation:

lump

/lʌmp/