Definition of luminescence in English:



mass noun
  • The emission of light by a substance that has not been heated, as in fluorescence and phosphorescence.

    ‘honey fungus produces a ghostly greenish luminescence’
    • ‘Not electrical, but green luminescence; a glowing paint that had been painted along every shelf and spare inch of wall or floor.’
    • ‘Pholasin alone can emit luminescence if exposed to superoxide.’
    • ‘Intriguingly, rhythmic luminescence in certain lines was affected by only a subset of the pacemaker mutations.’
    • ‘He studied seawater luminescence and ocean temperatures while charting the path of the Gulf Stream.’
    • ‘This might be explained by the pattern of brain generated neural bursts that initiate luminescence and this appears to be the case in P. lucicrescens.’
    • ‘This luminescence makes them interesting candidates for applications in biological test systems or as sensors.’
    • ‘This property also leads to the intense luminescence and electron transfer capability of porphyrins and many metalloporphyins.’
    • ‘The luminescence was quantified in live cells using bioluminescence imaging.’
    • ‘There are different types of luminescence.’
    • ‘A proportion of this energy appears in the form of light emitted by the crystal; this is optically stimulated luminescence.’
    • ‘The acceleration of the recombination rate and the strong stimulation of luminescence caused by the membrane potential are well known.’
    • ‘The luminescence in these cases may be excited by direct electron impact rather than with UV light.’
    • ‘In the nonsilenced plant, strong luminescence was detected from all parts of the section, while no luminescence was found in the control plant.’
    • ‘It seems clear that the photocyte has substantial local control of its luminescence and is not dependent on external oxygen in any simple way.’
    • ‘Streptococci emit light during log phase growth, and luminescence subsides as they enter stationary phase.’
    • ‘When a laser light source is used to stimulate the release of electrons, the process is called optically stimulated luminescence.’
    • ‘Chemiluminescence is a special case of luminescence in which the excitation source is a chemical reaction.’
    • ‘Most of the arthropods consist of an infill of sparry calcite with uniform luminescence.’
    light, shining, brightness, brilliance, luminosity, radiation, beams, rays, illumination, blaze, glow, luminousness, gleam, lustre, glitter, sparkle, flash, dazzle, shimmer, glare
    View synonyms


Late 19th century: from Latin lumen, lumin- ‘light’ + -escence (denoting a state).