Definition of lugworm in English:



  • A bristle worm that lives in muddy sand, leaving characteristic worm casts on lower shores. It is widely used as bait by fishermen.

    Arenicola marina, class Polychaeta

    • ‘One lugworm and a thin strip of squid will not get very far in a seething maelstrom of a sea where the tide is screaming through and you have other anglers all around you.’
    • ‘Anglers had a selection of baits with them lugworm, ragworm mackerel, sandeel and peeler crab to catch that winning fish.’
    • ‘For the bigger fish, try peeler crab tipped off with a tiny square section of mackerel or squid, or lugworm with a tippet of mackerel or squid.’
    • ‘Their day-to-day diet is a mix of worms, lugworm, white rag, smashed up shellfish like razorfish, cockles and sand clams, small crabs, shrimps and even small fish, for they, like most sea fish, are a predator in their own right.’
    • ‘However a red tide can have implications for marine fauna and some organisms including cockles, lugworms and sea potatoes have been washed up onto Sligo beaches as witnessed by many beach users.’
    • ‘Several other anglers also caught early Pouting using mostly lugworm and ragworm baits presented on three hook rigs clipped down to gain a little extra distance.’
    • ‘If the water is even murkier then try a crab or a bunch of lugworms.’
    • ‘Their main prey tends to be polycheate worms, such as lugworm, which are incredibly numerous in shallow water.’
    • ‘Dominic likes to use ragworm, but suggests mackerel strip or lugworm and making up cocktails with squid strips.’
    • ‘Whenever we fished this popular jetty, I got the job of digging up the lugworm on the beach, and then gutting the mackerel when we got home.’
    • ‘The signs included lots of dead and dying lugworms and the fish being put off their feed, although no fish deaths have been reported as yet.’
    • ‘Turner investigates another paradox when he describes the deposit-feeding lugworms (burrowing marine polychaete worms), which eat marine sediments that are laden with organic material and bacteria.’
    • ‘These loose mats provide a sheltered and humid habitat for many mid shore animals, including shore crabs, littorinid snails, barnacles, mussels, young fish, lugworms and other invertebrates.’
    • ‘Areas exhibiting mixed sand and mud constitute a relatively stable substrate in which typical sand-living animals, such as sand gapers, lugworms, and razor shells, dwell.’
    • ‘Also attracting interest was the Mudbank, a display of estuarine life including lugworms and cockles and a column of ‘mud’ showing how the estuary has changed and grown.’
    • ‘Sea anglers are still catching flounders at Priory Point, Canal Foot, Tridley and Plumpton on creeper tipped with mackerel, also small whiting on lugworm at the Deep Water Berth at Walney.’
    • ‘Reports of dead lugworms, crabs, flatfish and dogfish have been made to the Marine Institute by local fishermen in Donegal.’


Early 19th century: from earlier lug ‘lugworm’ (of unknown origin) + worm.