Definition of lozenge in English:

lozenge

noun

  • 1A rhombus or diamond shape:

    [as modifier] ‘lozenge patterns’
    • ‘Decoration is usually geometric and repetitive: lozenges, chevrons, and zigzags dominate.’
    • ‘Many of the stones are engraved with ornamentations such as spirals, interconnecting loops, lozenges, and circles with lines emanating from them.’
    • ‘The windows with the lozenge pattern of leading are all found in pictures thought to have been painted in the late 1650s.’
    • ‘The English method for dealing with hot boiled ham is to glaze it with brown sugar and mustard or fruit juice, and decorate by scoring the fat in a lozenge pattern and studding it with whole cloves.’
    • ‘I would like the cameo furnishing fabrics to participate in the revolution or total transformation that has already affected dress fabrics, which are now dominated by lozenge shapes.’
    • ‘Big, blocky and simple, the polyester resin floor forms include halved lozenges, pointy-sided rectangular boxes and cubes, sometimes stacked or partially slid one into the other.’
    • ‘He'd wake up with the lozenge pattern of the floor imprinted on his arm and face, but refreshed and ready to go.’
    • ‘In each work, the larger lozenge shape snuggles like a floating sausage into a radically curved corner of the canvas, presiding over the conversation of the two beanlike shapes huddled together in a corner below.’
    • ‘The base of an ivory figurine will show the radiating, intersecting lines forming minute lozenges and concentric lines of lighter and darker color.’
    • ‘At the left of the screen was a lozenge shape circled in red.’
    • ‘Notched, rounded, cut into fan or lozenge shapes, and sometimes folded over a dowel, these paintings presented richly textured planes of color - blood, rust, lipstick and fog.’
    • ‘The base also displays the same striping as the sides, whereas a cross section of ivory shows concentric lozenges.’
    • ‘Many of these belts display a predominance of lozenges in different colors on a background divided into square or rectangular partitions that are also colored.’
    • ‘The yard goods usually had small-scale repeat patterning, often a simple diamond grid, a mixture of thin stripes and diamonds, or small lozenges.’
    • ‘Ornament was usually restricted to repetitive, geometric mouldings such as those of the lozenge, chevron, or zigzag type.’
    • ‘Small lozenges surround it, their delicate patina evoking the gold and silver dust traditionally applied to Japanese lacquerware.’
    • ‘The field is divided into shards and lozenges: the faceted forms of Cubist painting combine with the angled lines and rectangles of the Russian Suprematists.’
    • ‘You had to see the lozenge shapes in the drum at the base of the Americana in the context of the tail fins parked out front: This was a motor hotel in the city.’
    rhombus, diamond shape, diamond
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    1. 1.1 A small medicinal tablet, originally in the shape of a lozenge, taken for sore throats and dissolved in the mouth:
      ‘throat lozenges’
      • ‘Throat sprays or lozenges also may help with sore throat pain.’
      • ‘Don't Stop Quitting: Smokers who are trying to kick the habit can double their chances of success by using patches, gum, lozenges, inhalers or nasal sprays containing nicotine.’
      • ‘In one experiment that compared zinc to a placebo, participants who sucked on zinc lozenges every couple of hours found that the length of their cold was cut in half.’
      • ‘Our medicine cabinets are stocked with throat lozenges, painkillers and antiseptic creams designed to restore us to immediate health after the slightest scratch.’
      • ‘For a sore throat, try lozenges obtained from your chemist, who is pleased to offer advice.’
      • ‘Chewy lozenges and patches allow substances to be absorbed quickly through the skin into the bloodstream, thereby bypassing the digestive system, which could alter their medicinal effects.’
      • ‘Stop taking the lozenges as soon as your cold is over.’
      • ‘Sucking of lozenges and pastilles produces saliva which lubricates and soothes inflamed tissues and washes infecting organisms off them.’
      • ‘Nicotine replacement is available as chewing gum, transdermal patch, nasal spray, inhaler, sublingual tablet, and lozenge.’
      • ‘It's also used in lozenges to soothe a sore throat.’
      • ‘He looked a bit worried when I sat down at the table and produced a bunch of inhalers, some pills, a bottle of cough syrup and some throat lozenges and proceeded to stuff them all into my mouth…’
      • ‘And if you've got a cold, the echinacea may help, but the vitamin C and zinc probably won't (only zinc lozenges seem to work).’
      • ‘Statistics show people who are supported to give up can double their success rate, as do those who use Nicotine Replacement Therapy such as patches, gum, or lozenges.’
      • ‘But don't give hard candy, cough drops or throat lozenges to children under 4.’
      • ‘To fight colds, use a zinc nasal spray four times a day or suck on zinc lozenges that contain 15 to 25 mg of zinc gluconate every two to four hours as soon as you notice symptoms.’
      • ‘Although the mineral can inhibit viral reproduction in test tubes, study results have been mixed, possibly because of insufficient doses or the type of zinc lozenges used.’
      • ‘Until you're feeling better, salt-water gargles, throat lozenges or hot water with honey and lemon can help make having a sore throat easier to swallow.’
      • ‘In cough drops and lozenges, gum arabic soothes irritated mucous membranes.’
      • ‘But considering all the evidence, you're better off taking zinc lozenges than echinacea the next time you feel a cold coming on.’
      • ‘Anticipating actual legal reform, the development of cannabis beverages, lozenges, skin patches or other forms of delivery could be encouraged to diminish pulmonary hazards.’
      pastille, tablet, pill, capsule, pilule, drop
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    2. 1.2Heraldry A charge in the shape of a solid diamond, in particular one on which the arms of an unmarried or widowed woman are displayed.

Origin

Middle English: from Old French losenge, probably derived from the base of Spanish losa, Portuguese lousa slab, late Latin lausiae (lapides) stone slabs.

Pronunciation:

lozenge

/ˈlɒzɪn(d)ʒ/