Main definitions of liver in English

: liver1liver2

liver1

noun

  • 1A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates, involved in many metabolic processes.

    ‘cholesterol may accumulate in the liver’
    ‘a liver transplant’
    • ‘Approximately 88,000 people are on the national organ transplant waiting list, waiting for kidneys, livers, pancreases, intestines, hearts and lungs.’
    • ‘To cope with the organ shortage, living donors are sometimes used to provide kidneys, livers, lungs and intestines for transplantation.’
    • ‘In the United States, there's a great shortage of donor organs: hearts, livers, lungs, kidneys, pancreases and small intestines.’
    • ‘The ova penetrate the intestinal wall and pass through the portal vein to the liver, lung, and other tissues.’
    • ‘As the waiting list for lungs, hearts, livers, and kidneys grows, only 30 percent of prospective donors are given the opportunity to give new life, because of the sensitive nature of organ donation.’
    • ‘Subsequent CT scans of the chest and abdomen revealed the liver, pancreas, and renal cysts unchanged.’
    • ‘In autopsies of these patients the organism has been found in the brain, lungs, heart, liver, and gastrointestinal tract.’
    • ‘The excess is stored in your organs, especially your liver, heart and pancreas.’
    • ‘The mixed type can involve several organ systems, most commonly the intestines, spleen, liver, and lung.’
    • ‘Any tissue can be biopsied, including the liver, lung, brain and bone marrow.’
    • ‘She suffered a bullet wound in the leg, and two in the abdomen, injuring her liver, intestines and pancreas.’
    • ‘In this case, the liver, adrenal glands, lung, and spleen were affected.’
    • ‘As far as I can ascertain - there is no evidence of involvement of the liver, lungs, endocrine system, or other organs.’
    • ‘One, a 20 year old female, had deposits in the brain, liver, lung, bone marrow, adrenal glands, and ovaries.’
    • ‘Most types of stomach cancer develop in the cells of the stomach lining and can spread to the whole of the stomach as well as the liver, small intestine, pancreas and bowel.’
    • ‘Organs such as kidneys, lungs and livers can be transplanted.’
    • ‘Residues of PCP have been found in human testes, kidney, prostate, liver, and adipose tissue.’
    • ‘The flow of secretions from your stomach, liver, pancreas and small intestine may decrease.’
    • ‘The pathologist's findings seemed predictable: a shrunken hard lump in the right upper quadrant of her abdomen, once a liver.’
    • ‘The liver is the primary metabolic organ within the body that coordinates a complex array of biochemical and physiological processes linked to nutrition.’
    1. 1.1 An organ similar to the liver in other animals.
      • ‘Gene-disrupting pesticide residues have penetrated the livers of animals at the poles of the planet and in the depths of the oceans.’
      • ‘When we inactivated fatty-acid synthase in the liver and eliminated fat in the diet, the animals became sick, with livers full of fat.’
      • ‘Herein, we examine cell number and cell size in brains and livers of 28-and 70-day-old animals.’
      • ‘If the condition goes untreated, the animal will develop an ulcerated stomach and a diseased liver.’
      • ‘He and his party spent an Arctic winter in hope of rescue but they all died and the cause of death was thought to be the vitamin A in the animals' livers.’
      • ‘Most animals can synthesize this vitamin in the liver, where glucose is converted to ascorbic acid.’
      • ‘The liver and brain have unique expression profiles in the adult animal.’
      • ‘After sacrificing the animals, the liver and kidney were removed and cut into slices respectively.’
      • ‘In future research, he plans to study exactly how the carotenoids end up in the animals' blood and livers.’
      • ‘Brains and livers from these trained animals were ground up and injected into untrained rats.’
      • ‘Glass particles were found in the pulmonary capillaries, livers, kidneys, spleens, and intestinal walls of animals studied.’
      • ‘The answer is that the exceptional preservation displayed in these rocks enables us to recognise the eyes, scales and even the liver of the animals.’
      • ‘Immediately after fluorescence measurement the animals were killed, livers were removed and tumors were dissected.’
    2. 1.2mass noun The flesh of an animal's liver as food.
      as modifier ‘liver pâté’
      • ‘Calf's liver is served with good smoked bacon: ask for the dull red wine gravy to be served separately or, better, not at all.’
      • ‘As the vegetables are whisked away a platter of crostini spread with chicken liver pate arrives, but that is not the special part.’
      • ‘Using a chilled meat grinder fitted with the medium die, grind chicken, livers, pork and fat back into a large bowl over an ice water bath.’
      • ‘If you suspect you're not getting enough iron, boost your intake with foods like lean red meat, liver, spinach, and apricots.’
      • ‘At one point Chris has put half the garnish - a stew of leeks to go with calves' liver - on one plate.’
      • ‘I usually have the calves' liver when I come here, it's very good.’
      • ‘For the main course I had the pan-fried lamb's liver and organic streaky bacon with a scallion and horseradish mash for €15.’
      • ‘I would choose pizza on my night, but the following night, his selection would be calves liver and onions.’
      • ‘It is by appointment to the Queen and does a huge mail-order range, from calves' liver to French Loue chicken.’
      • ‘Wonderfully sweet-sharp flavours here, which are great with grilled lamb or liver.’
      • ‘If you've got it, it's worth cutting down on red meat, liver and kidneys.’
      • ‘She introduced me to the best calves' liver, dusted with seasoned flour and fried up with fresh sage, served tender and just a mite pink in the middle.’
      • ‘For food rewards, try chicken, liver, cheese, sardines, and other smelly, yummy, soft treats.’
      • ‘A typical example is minced beef cobbler, braised lambs' liver and onions, stuffed tomatoes, seafood flan salad or mixed side salad - all at a reasonable price.’
      • ‘We kicked off with an expertly dressed salad with a buttery taste, and shared some chicken liver pate served with fresh toast, tomatoes and pickled cucumbers.’
      • ‘The menu is impressive and boasts not just your run-of-the-mill pizzas and pastas but Mediterranean variations on steak, chicken, fish, liver and lamb dishes.’
      • ‘Sources of iron are; lean red meat, liver and green leafy vegetables.’
      • ‘The taste of blood is unassertive, like that of liver, so all blood puddings depend on additional flavourings for their particular character.’
      • ‘It was monkfish liver served as a pâté and, floating on top of it, a froth of soy foam.’
      • ‘I was tipped off on their chopped liver by a fellow food enthusiast, and had to buy some when I walked by the store yesterday.’
    3. 1.3mass noun A dark reddish brown.
      in combination ‘liver-coloured lesions’
      • ‘Well, it's very pale and it should be like a real liver, dark red colour, you see.’

The liver's main role is in the processing of the products of digestion into substances useful to the body. It also neutralizes harmful substances in the blood, secretes bile for the digestion of fats, synthesizes plasma proteins, and stores glycogen and some minerals and vitamins. It was formerly supposed to be the seat of love and violent emotion

Origin

Old English lifer, of Germanic origin; related to German Leber, Dutch lever.

Pronunciation

liver

/ˈlɪvə/

Main definitions of liver in English

: liver1liver2

liver2

noun

  • with adjective or noun modifier A person who lives in a specified way.

    ‘a clean liver’
    ‘high livers’

Pronunciation

liver

/ˈlɪvə/