Main definitions of liver in English

: liver1liver2

liver1

noun

  • 1A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates, involved in many metabolic processes.

    ‘cholesterol may accumulate in the liver’
    ‘a liver transplant’
    • ‘Approximately 88,000 people are on the national organ transplant waiting list, waiting for kidneys, livers, pancreases, intestines, hearts and lungs.’
    • ‘Organs such as kidneys, lungs and livers can be transplanted.’
    • ‘In the United States, there's a great shortage of donor organs: hearts, livers, lungs, kidneys, pancreases and small intestines.’
    • ‘The mixed type can involve several organ systems, most commonly the intestines, spleen, liver, and lung.’
    • ‘To cope with the organ shortage, living donors are sometimes used to provide kidneys, livers, lungs and intestines for transplantation.’
    • ‘One, a 20 year old female, had deposits in the brain, liver, lung, bone marrow, adrenal glands, and ovaries.’
    • ‘In autopsies of these patients the organism has been found in the brain, lungs, heart, liver, and gastrointestinal tract.’
    • ‘In this case, the liver, adrenal glands, lung, and spleen were affected.’
    • ‘Any tissue can be biopsied, including the liver, lung, brain and bone marrow.’
    • ‘She suffered a bullet wound in the leg, and two in the abdomen, injuring her liver, intestines and pancreas.’
    • ‘Most types of stomach cancer develop in the cells of the stomach lining and can spread to the whole of the stomach as well as the liver, small intestine, pancreas and bowel.’
    • ‘The ova penetrate the intestinal wall and pass through the portal vein to the liver, lung, and other tissues.’
    • ‘As the waiting list for lungs, hearts, livers, and kidneys grows, only 30 percent of prospective donors are given the opportunity to give new life, because of the sensitive nature of organ donation.’
    • ‘The liver is the primary metabolic organ within the body that coordinates a complex array of biochemical and physiological processes linked to nutrition.’
    • ‘Subsequent CT scans of the chest and abdomen revealed the liver, pancreas, and renal cysts unchanged.’
    • ‘The excess is stored in your organs, especially your liver, heart and pancreas.’
    • ‘The flow of secretions from your stomach, liver, pancreas and small intestine may decrease.’
    • ‘Residues of PCP have been found in human testes, kidney, prostate, liver, and adipose tissue.’
    • ‘The pathologist's findings seemed predictable: a shrunken hard lump in the right upper quadrant of her abdomen, once a liver.’
    • ‘As far as I can ascertain - there is no evidence of involvement of the liver, lungs, endocrine system, or other organs.’
    1. 1.1 An organ similar to the liver in other animals.
      • ‘Brains and livers from these trained animals were ground up and injected into untrained rats.’
      • ‘Immediately after fluorescence measurement the animals were killed, livers were removed and tumors were dissected.’
      • ‘In future research, he plans to study exactly how the carotenoids end up in the animals' blood and livers.’
      • ‘Most animals can synthesize this vitamin in the liver, where glucose is converted to ascorbic acid.’
      • ‘He and his party spent an Arctic winter in hope of rescue but they all died and the cause of death was thought to be the vitamin A in the animals' livers.’
      • ‘The liver and brain have unique expression profiles in the adult animal.’
      • ‘When we inactivated fatty-acid synthase in the liver and eliminated fat in the diet, the animals became sick, with livers full of fat.’
      • ‘Gene-disrupting pesticide residues have penetrated the livers of animals at the poles of the planet and in the depths of the oceans.’
      • ‘After sacrificing the animals, the liver and kidney were removed and cut into slices respectively.’
      • ‘If the condition goes untreated, the animal will develop an ulcerated stomach and a diseased liver.’
      • ‘Herein, we examine cell number and cell size in brains and livers of 28-and 70-day-old animals.’
      • ‘The answer is that the exceptional preservation displayed in these rocks enables us to recognise the eyes, scales and even the liver of the animals.’
      • ‘Glass particles were found in the pulmonary capillaries, livers, kidneys, spleens, and intestinal walls of animals studied.’
    2. 1.2mass noun The flesh of an animal's liver as food.
      as modifier ‘liver pâté’
      • ‘She introduced me to the best calves' liver, dusted with seasoned flour and fried up with fresh sage, served tender and just a mite pink in the middle.’
      • ‘We kicked off with an expertly dressed salad with a buttery taste, and shared some chicken liver pate served with fresh toast, tomatoes and pickled cucumbers.’
      • ‘If you suspect you're not getting enough iron, boost your intake with foods like lean red meat, liver, spinach, and apricots.’
      • ‘Wonderfully sweet-sharp flavours here, which are great with grilled lamb or liver.’
      • ‘I was tipped off on their chopped liver by a fellow food enthusiast, and had to buy some when I walked by the store yesterday.’
      • ‘It is by appointment to the Queen and does a huge mail-order range, from calves' liver to French Loue chicken.’
      • ‘It was monkfish liver served as a pâté and, floating on top of it, a froth of soy foam.’
      • ‘Using a chilled meat grinder fitted with the medium die, grind chicken, livers, pork and fat back into a large bowl over an ice water bath.’
      • ‘If you've got it, it's worth cutting down on red meat, liver and kidneys.’
      • ‘I would choose pizza on my night, but the following night, his selection would be calves liver and onions.’
      • ‘Calf's liver is served with good smoked bacon: ask for the dull red wine gravy to be served separately or, better, not at all.’
      • ‘For food rewards, try chicken, liver, cheese, sardines, and other smelly, yummy, soft treats.’
      • ‘The menu is impressive and boasts not just your run-of-the-mill pizzas and pastas but Mediterranean variations on steak, chicken, fish, liver and lamb dishes.’
      • ‘As the vegetables are whisked away a platter of crostini spread with chicken liver pate arrives, but that is not the special part.’
      • ‘A typical example is minced beef cobbler, braised lambs' liver and onions, stuffed tomatoes, seafood flan salad or mixed side salad - all at a reasonable price.’
      • ‘For the main course I had the pan-fried lamb's liver and organic streaky bacon with a scallion and horseradish mash for €15.’
      • ‘Sources of iron are; lean red meat, liver and green leafy vegetables.’
      • ‘The taste of blood is unassertive, like that of liver, so all blood puddings depend on additional flavourings for their particular character.’
      • ‘I usually have the calves' liver when I come here, it's very good.’
      • ‘At one point Chris has put half the garnish - a stew of leeks to go with calves' liver - on one plate.’
    3. 1.3mass noun A dark reddish brown.
      in combination ‘liver-coloured lesions’
      • ‘Well, it's very pale and it should be like a real liver, dark red colour, you see.’

The liver's main role is in the processing of the products of digestion into substances useful to the body. It also neutralizes harmful substances in the blood, secretes bile for the digestion of fats, synthesizes plasma proteins, and stores glycogen and some minerals and vitamins. It was formerly supposed to be the seat of love and violent emotion

Origin

Old English lifer, of Germanic origin; related to German Leber, Dutch lever.

Pronunciation

liver

/ˈlɪvə/

Main definitions of liver in English

: liver1liver2

liver2

noun

  • with adjective or noun modifier A person who lives in a specified way.

    ‘a clean liver’
    ‘high livers’

Pronunciation

liver

/ˈlɪvə/