Definition of lithotomy in English:



mass noun
  • Surgical removal of a calculus (stone) from the bladder, kidney, or urinary tract.

    • ‘Early Hindu surgeons performed advanced eye operations and practised lithotomy (surgical removal of a stone from the urinary tract) and plastic surgery.’
    • ‘Cheselden at St Thomas's introduced the keeping of accurate records that enabled him to analyse the morbidity and mortality of his lithotomy operation for bladder stones.’
    • ‘In passing, until the advent of anaesthetics and antisepsis about 200 years later, the only internal operation generally undertaken was removal of bladder stones, or lithotomy as it was called.’


Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek lithotomia (see litho-, -tomy).