Transform (a sediment or other material) into stone.‘these sediments are lithified to form shales, limestones, and sandstones’
- ‘The three-dimensional preservation of pellets and fossil remains in the limestones suggests that the carbonate muds were rapidly lithified, and that the limestones record minimal time averaging.’
- ‘This sediment was locally lithified to form thin hard grounds, presumably at times of non-sedimentation or significantly reduced sedimentation.’
- ‘Stratification may be deformed penecontemporaneously by various agencies, before the rock is lithified.’
- ‘Another strong argument against the mammoth death-in-the-Flood hypothesis is that the Beringian animals are buried in unconsolidated surficial sediments overlying lithified sedimentary rocks.’
- ‘Low-strain deformation of many natural rocks, both unlithified sediments and lithified sedimentary rocks, occurs by strain localization in dilatant joints or in shear bands that can dilate or compact.’
Late 19th century: from Greek lithos ‘stone’ + -fy.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.