Main definitions of list in English

: list1list2list3

list1

noun

  • 1A number of connected items or names written or printed consecutively, typically one below the other.

    ‘consult the list of drugs on page 326’
    figurative ‘if you're buying a new car, put security high on your list of priorities’
    • ‘Parents have a lengthy shopping list for the next Government.’
    • ‘Ask each firm that you are looking at for a complete client list going back no more than six years.’
    • ‘He was picked from a list of nominees submitted by political parties and civic groups.’
    • ‘Following is a list of readily available foods that are high in carbohydrates.’
    • ‘Needless to say, he dropped from our list of candidates in a hurry.’
    • ‘Readers have rallied by sending cheques towards a shopping list of essential items.’
    • ‘You can see a list of all nominees in last month's announcement.’
    • ‘The list of names is under constant review in each area, by a group made up of representatives from participating agencies.’
    • ‘You first make a long short list by browsing through the hundreds of profiles.’
    • ‘Heading the impressive guest list is Australian Prime Minister John Howard, who will open the conference.’
    • ‘An extensive reference list is provided at the end of each chapter.’
    • ‘He used the names on his ID list to transfer thousands of pounds from their credit card accounts into the fraudulent accounts.’
    • ‘The book contains 11 chapters, plus a prologue and epilogue, and an extensive suggested reading list.’
    • ‘The extensive wine list has been reworked to a more manageable level.’
    • ‘Budget shortfalls and slipping numbers for the upcoming show in Atlanta have added to the organization's growing to-do list.’
    • ‘I had compiled a short list in my head of who I needed to make amends with.’
    • ‘Filing is going to join the growing list of things I no longer do.’
    • ‘He is fourth on the Braves' all-time hit list, but he is streaky at the plate.’
    • ‘Following is a list of just some of these heroes of the profession.’
    • ‘Other items on the wish list include caching support for portables and secure signing of resources.’
    catalogue, inventory, record, register, roll, file, index, directory, listing, listicle, checklist, tally, docket, ticket, enumeration, table, tabulation
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Computing A formal structure analogous to a list, by which items of data can be stored or processed in a definite order.
      • ‘In comparison to a data structure, a linked list is similar to a binary tree in a way that the information is linked together.’
      • ‘A message is then sent to the filter object specifying an input list of data elements to be filtered.’
      • ‘On the occurrence of the event, one or more processes on the list are woken up.’
      • ‘You can block a process from running or allow the computer to run only a list of processes you select.’
      • ‘A runqueue is the list of runnable processes from which the scheduler chooses.’
  • 2listshistorical Palisades enclosing an area for a tournament.

    1. 2.1 The scene of a contest or combat.
  • 3A selvedge of a piece of fabric.

verb

  • 1with object Make a list of.

    ‘I have listed four reasons below’
    • ‘The box lists the six main reasons, which are discussed below.’
    • ‘Below I've listed the reasons why I think the British public has been prepared on this occasion to dig so deeply.’
    • ‘The district website lists the following reasons for pet owners to get their dogs licensed.’
    • ‘In each of them the voters will cast a ballot for the party they prefer and will list the four candidates they have chosen.’
    • ‘To include an index listing the women writers under each category would have been extremely productive for further research.’
    • ‘Boomer listed four key technical aspects of her improved fly technique.’
    • ‘First, it lists four situations in which bad faith can be found.’
    • ‘I found a page listing what people called each other.’
    • ‘Then he listed the reasons why, which were numerous.’
    • ‘The interviewee then lists the four demands of his movement.’
    • ‘Yes, according to the publisher of this one, who lists another four such volumes on the back page.’
    • ‘Four students listed miscarriages as significant losses for them.’
    • ‘The judge listed the various reasons we might be dismissed from serving, beginning with knowing the defendant or any of the lawyers or court officials.’
    • ‘I am using the following code in my Sidebar template to list the four most recent comments on this weblog.’
    • ‘For this reason we have listed useful links and further information about this worm below.’
    • ‘In order to give the reader confidence that they understand the system we list four statements to check.’
    • ‘Michael leaves the priesthood and he talks about his own guess about a colleague who's done the same, and he lists reasons why the colleague has left the priesthood.’
    • ‘It also lists the files included in each installed archive and checks to make sure they all exist.’
    • ‘As well, there is a section listing a variety of therapies and practitioners who specialize in back problems.’
    • ‘While there is no formal study or survey to ascertain the reason, the education department lists the following causes.’
    record, register, make a list of, note down, write down, set down, enter
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Include or enter in a list.
      ‘local offices are listed in the phone book’
      • ‘He then launched a second attempt, but no date has yet been listed for this hearing.’
      • ‘There is a phone number listed at the bottom of their press releases, however.’
      • ‘There are many more outstanding local wineries than the favorites listed here.’
      • ‘The surveillance targets' names are not listed in the reports.’
      • ‘The major publications which are referred to in the text are listed here in alphabetical order by author.’
      • ‘Written contents of the placards will be listed in an appendix to the Laser Safety Policy.’
      • ‘Under Employment companies are listed alphabetically by name within the United States, then in other countries.’
      • ‘Only three appear among the 55 interviewees listed at the end of the book.’
      • ‘They have the directory listed in number order.’
      • ‘Thirteen types of beer were listed in the Appendix, which certainly seems exhaustive.’
      • ‘He is thicker, at least a little, and listed at 205 pounds.’
      • ‘Species available when developing the key are listed alphabetically in the Appendix.’
      • ‘You're young enough to look great and old enough to afford all the cool fashion items listed here.’
      • ‘Check with the suppliers listed at the end of this article for mail orders.’
      • ‘Within genera, species are listed chronologically in the order they were named.’
      • ‘Their names are listed on pages 22-23.’
      • ‘Other interests listed on his official website are reading and playing golf and bridge.’
      • ‘Their newly launched Boston website listed only a phone number.’
      • ‘The careers listed under the two professional headings were grouped together to form the high category.’
      • ‘Currently some companies sell natural products that don't contain the ingredients listed on the labels.’
      record, register, make a list of, note down, write down, set down, enter
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2list at/forno object Be on a list of products at (a specified price)
      ‘the bottom-of-the-line Mercedes lists for $52,050’
      • ‘The Amanti lists for $34,995, which positions it favourably against the competition.’
      • ‘First, as is typical for university press books, it is priced much higher than commercial press books, listing at $40 + for a relatively short book.’
      • ‘The purchase price is listed at two pounds and two shillings.’
      • ‘The stock must be listed at a reasonably good price to make any return on this.’
      • ‘It made a strong debut on the share market today, listing at a 30c premium to its offer price.’
      • ‘The Desktop Edition previously listed at $999 will be priced at $199 until August 23.’
    3. 1.3 Give (a building, company, etc.) listed status.
      • ‘Since private companies are not listed on stock exchanges, acquirer companies cannot get publicly tested information about these companies.’
      • ‘A mainly residential scheme would have been the simplest solution as many of the old hospital buildings are listed, meaning facades must be retained.’
      • ‘Because the buildings are all listed, however, there are strict constraints on what alterations can be made.’
      • ‘The depot is listed as a building of Grade A historical interest by Salford council, but it has no protection against development.’
      • ‘Planning permission was first applied for more than two years about, but because the building is listed, the bid had to be checked in detail by English Heritage.’
      • ‘All three churches are listed as buildings of historic or architectural interest.’
      • ‘If the building were listed all would be lost.’
      • ‘Although the building is not listed, the pub is in the Fulford Road conservation area, which means special consideration needs to be given before permission is granted to change its appearance.’
      • ‘The company has been corporatised and is currently listed on international stock exchanges.’
  • 2archaic no object Enlist for military service.

    ‘I listed myself for a soldier’

Phrases

  • enter the lists

    • Issue or accept a challenge.

      • ‘In parallel with this, he had also entered the lists as an external student of London University and obtained their pass-level B.D. degree in 1912.’
      • ‘As Dan departed the Cheltenham stage that he had graced for so long, his son Arthur entered the lists.’
      • ‘It might seem foolhardy of Hough to enter the lists in such over-recorded repertoire, but the British pianist is a special kind of virtuoso, presenting, in these live tapings, a particular point of view.’
      • ‘So she entered the lists to fight for the man she loved.’
      • ‘By the 1820s, with the rise of agricultural fairs, the competitive atmosphere intensified as they entered the lists against each other in plowing contests.’
      • ‘Doubtless it is all standard work to you, but it will be interesting to see how the old warrior entered the lists again and what he considered should be given to his first hearers.’
      • ‘A long queue of prominent Republicans promptly entered the lists with pamphlets and articles.’
      • ‘On 20 April the Assembly declared war against the Habsburg Francis II in the hopes of confining the war to a struggle between France and Austria, but Prussia entered the lists against France as well.’
      • ‘The majority of those who first entered the lists did so to produce commissioned histories of individual companies.’
      • ‘I had entered the lists of sudden love, forsaken the often plodding course of life lived between two people and pursued an elusive and illusory enthrallment.’

Origin

Middle English (in list (sense 3 of the noun)): from Old English liste ‘border’, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch lijst and German Leiste. list (sense 2 of the noun) is late Middle English, from Old French lisse; list (sense 1 of the noun) is late 16th century, from French liste, of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

list

/lɪst/

Main definitions of list in English

: list1list2list3

list2

verb

[no object]
  • (of a ship) lean over to one side, typically because of a leak or unbalanced cargo.

    ‘the ship was listing badly’
    Compare with heel
    • ‘He is back in today's newspaper, and listing heavily to port.’
    • ‘As the boat listed heavily, panic began to take hold.’
    • ‘No lifeboat drill had been given and because of the way the ship listed, it was impossible to lower the lifeboats anyway.’
    • ‘Almost simultaneously her lookouts sighted a large fishing vessel listing heavily about five miles away.’
    • ‘Was it her imagination, or was the ship listing to one side?’
    • ‘They could feel the ship listing to port from flooding in the lower compartments.’
    • ‘At one end of the long tarmac at the base a portion of an aircraft fuselage, apparently being disassembled for scrap, is visible, listing to one side like a wrecked ship.’
    • ‘Ten hours after the fire broke out, the charred ferry was listing to one side as smoke poured out from a load of dried coconut on fire in the cargo area.’
    • ‘In a second life-saving air-sea rescue, 16 Russian seamen were plucked from a 6000 ton cargo ship listing heavily in a force nine gale off the Devon coast yesterday.’
    • ‘The crew of the trawler had abandoned ship and the vessel was listing badly.’
    • ‘Furious waves swept the deck; the little boat listed badly, about to capsize.’
    • ‘The ship was listing to one side in its resting place, at the end of the long, deep furrow it had plowed up in the valley.’
    • ‘The ship once again listed violently to one side.’
    • ‘Although listing to starboard she was allowed to leave after an inspection.’
    • ‘Several cars apparently broke loose and the ship was listing about 20 degrees.’
    • ‘With power lost and the ship listing, the wounded and survivors were transferred to USS Patterson and USS Blue.’
    • ‘On the seabed, the ship looked massive, listing slightly to starboard and perfectly placed in a sand-chute which plunged over a wall.’
    • ‘The ship started listing to starboard, about 10-12 degrees, then it started to right itself.’
    • ‘Although the vessel was listing to starboard, the skipper continued towards a small island in spite of warnings from the group.’
    • ‘It listed badly to one side and wobbled as it flew.’
    lean, lean over, tilt, tip, heel, heel over, careen, cant, pitch, toss, roll, incline, slant, slope, be at an angle, bank, keel over
    View synonyms

noun

  • An instance of a ship listing to one side.

    • ‘The gallery walls are lined with marine ply, angled to give an echo of the list of a Ship under sail.’
    • ‘The hull has broken amidships and the wreck has a slight list to port either side of the break.’
    • ‘Due to the list, the bulkhead door of the engine-room would not close properly and the compartment was slowly but steadily flooding.’

Origin

Early 17th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

list

/lɪst/

Main definitions of list in English

: list1list2list3

list3

verb

[no object]archaic
  • Want; like.

    with clause ‘let them think what they list’

noun

mass nounarchaic
  • Desire or inclination.

    ‘I have little list to write’

Origin

Old English lystan (verb), of Germanic origin, from a base meaning ‘pleasure’.

Pronunciation

list

/lɪst/