Definition of lipid in English:

lipid

noun

Chemistry
  • Any of a class of organic compounds that are fatty acids or their derivatives and are insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. They include many natural oils, waxes, and steroids.

    • ‘It includes the glycerol and carbonyl groups and the hydrocarbon chains of the lipid.’
    • ‘The membrane lipids of thermophilic bacteria are rich in saturated fatty acids.’
    • ‘Alkaloids, phenols, antioxidants and lipids were never detected.’
    • ‘Acidic lipids enhance the adsorption of positive ions due to their negative charge.’
    • ‘The peptide was frozen in place while the lipids and water were briefly allowed to relax around it.’

Origin

Early 20th century: from French lipide, based on Greek lipos fat.

Pronunciation:

lipid

/ˈlɪpɪd/