Definition of lingulate in English:



  • 1Botany

    • ‘The electrical terminals are mounted on the receptacle base and extend into the lingulate board.’
  • 2Denoting a type of burrowing brachiopod with an inarticulate shell and a long pedicle.

    • ‘The preserved specimen of a living lingulate shown here, Lingula, shows the typical tongue-shaped shell (hence the name Lingulata, from the Latin word for ‘tongue’) with a long stalk, or pedicle, with which the animal burrows into sandy or muddy sediments.’
    • ‘This fauna and those described previously from older Utah strata document the biodiversification of the Cambrian-Ordovician lingulate brachiopods and demonstrate their potential for regional and intercontinental correlation.’
    • ‘A new species of the poorly known lingulate brachiopod Schizobolus is described from the Famennian of Poland.’
    • ‘In the course of our investigations into Ordovician lingulate brachiopod faunas from such limestone residues, we have recovered occasional specimens of small ‘hat-like’ phosphatic plates of enigmatic affinities.’


Mid 19th century: from Latin lingulatus, based on lingua tongue, from lingere to lick.