Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
adjective
1Arranged in or extending along a straight or nearly straight line.
‘linear movement’- ‘The linear grass verge along the village has some attractive planting but many stretches are in need of cultivation.’
- ‘A ‘two-stepper’ motor, one for linear motion along a straight line, and the other for turning, provide the robot with efficient mobility.’
- ‘Pisces symbolises the instinct for collective movement and association, usually along the linear flow of tidal pulls, a quick response to fashions and trends that are gaining pace.’
- ‘The absolute elongation rate during the linear phase was nearly constant from leaf 8 onwards.’
- ‘The result is that all the proteins being tested have nearly the same extended linear shape.’
- ‘Bishop Wilton is a delightful village, strung linear along a sparkling beck, containing old brick houses in a little valley terraced with sinuous greens.’
- ‘In a susceptible smoker for 20 years, emphysema could develop along a linear course from middle to old age.’
- ‘The impact of deals on reference price was nearly linear: there was no insensitivity to small deals.’
- ‘We also accomplished the extraction of unidirectional movement from the bidirectional movements along the linear tracks by adding arrowhead patterns on the tracks.’
- ‘The house features a triple height glazed central atrium along the linear axis of the house where the main circulation wraps around a 9m high feature chimney.’
- ‘These rows act as linear tracks along which microtubules can be passed: the kinesin molecules pass the tubules to one another like a bucket brigade.’
- ‘No remnants of these prairies survive, except for linear strips along railways.’
- ‘Therefore, progression from mitosis into meiotic prophase is spatially organized in a linear fashion extending from the distal end.’
- ‘Again we appeal to volunteers to adopt a stretch of margin along our very long linear village.’
- ‘Because the linear pattern does not extend into later portions of the asymptomatic period, we did not analyze sequences isolated during the later portions.’
- ‘That allows the principal rooms to be arranged in a linear fashion, not too deep into the hillside, with plenty of glazing on the sunny side, providing warmth, natural light, fresh air and views.’
- ‘In tall canopies, the operator moves beneath the canopy along a linear path, keeping the sensor oriented to the sun with the help of a sight.’
- ‘The mode presenting the greatest risk to life is truck transport because its manned systems are restricted to moving along linear lines of march.’
- ‘Thirty-three screens are evenly spaced along the 1800 linear feet of the arrivals corridor.’
- ‘Mr Ahern also suggested that a zebra crossing be put in at every 70 metres on the main streets in the town and develop a linear park along the riverbank.’
unswerving, undeviating, linear, direct, as straight as an arrow, uncurving, unbendingView synonyms- 1.1Consisting of or predominantly formed using lines or outlines.‘simple linear designs’
- ‘Initially, the artist blocks out his masses, then zones them by tonal contrasts, and concludes by linear accenting and overpainted figures.’
- ‘Its palette of greens, purples and yellows and its spontaneous, linear drawing recall Joan Mitchell and late Monet.’
- ‘There are other panels with flat planes of tertiary colour, some with simple linear designs.’
- ‘The figures and symbols are as flat, frontal and linear as Byzantine icons; the intricate floral backgrounds tame jungle vegetation into elegant patterns.’
- ‘Using a geometric style that is still sparer and more linear than her previous book designs, she presents a visual metaphor of the book itself.’
- ‘Characterized by a loose yet linear style, Lennon was inspired by the art of Oriental line drawing, endeavoring to create an evocative image quickly with as few lines as possible.’
- ‘The paste etched the glass very lightly, giving a clear if somewhat faint design without the deep linear outline of the first process.’
- ‘The photographic image of the furry toy contrasts with the rigid stylization of the linear Chinese Court Style drawing.’
- ‘During the 1940s and 1950s his sculpture was predominantly open and linear, like three-dimensional metal calligraphy.’
- ‘Despite what has been said so far about the use of the camera to make drawings, it is curiously an absence of linear outline in Vermeer's finished work to which Gowing points.’
- ‘The ropes act as substitutes for brush-strokes, embodying linear patterns and animating geometric forms.’
- ‘The artist's linear arabesques reminded Greenberg of the feminized forms of Art Nouveau.’
- ‘Familiar national outlines disappear as a linear design emerges that suggests the skeletal remains of some ancient mammal.’
- ‘The English linear tradition reaches new heights in Hockney's all-knowing self-portrait observed in a New York bathroom mirror.’
- ‘Providing linear counterpoint, simple designs stitched in black thread flow over and around the painted images.’
- ‘The inclusion of Agostino di Duccio's limpidly linear Madonna and Child relief from the V & A reminds us that not all rilievo schiacciato looks like Donatello.’
- ‘The baroque linear swirls and variably sized round icons on the wall were cut from adhesive vinyl in glimmering teal, mauve and purple.’
- ‘Providing students with supplemental maps instead of traditional linear outlines significantly improved examination scores.’
- ‘It reminded me of Honoré Daumier's linear quality, but the more I looked there was the strength of a John Singer Sargent portrait, a grand picture of a simple woman.’
- ‘Paul Klee's Inscription, a product of the Bauhaus years, is a quiet linear study in black india ink on a watercolor ground of tannic brown.’
- 1.2Involving one dimension only.‘linear elasticity’
- ‘Additionally, for animals with large muscle area, linear muscle dimensions may be used to decrease prediction error associated with a single area measurement alone.’
- ‘We're currently shrinking the size of technology by a factor of 5.6 per linear dimension per decade, so it is conservative to say that this scenario will be feasible in a few decades.’
- ‘The difficult thing is that the correct data must be found, and the dimensional structure is not linear.’
- ‘The linear dimensional change on ageing is very small.’
- ‘Its foundation is established, and layers of the story reveal themselves, not in linear fashion, but in three dimensions.’
- ‘Evidence that animals can monitor the linear dimensions of their organs comes from organisms with either less or more than the diploid number of chromosomes - that is haploid and polyploid organisms.’
- 1.3Mathematics
Able to be represented by a straight line on a graph.‘linear functions’- ‘Showing them that a line can represent a linear mathematical equation graphically.’
- ‘In addition, you may need probability theory and statistics, linear algebra, numerical methods and the like depending on the field you choose.’
- ‘No cryptographic algorithm should be a linear function.’
- ‘Lines represent regressions of linear portion of each curve extrapolated to the y-axis.’
- ‘Consider first the simple example of a random walk on a 3-point linear graph.’
- 1.4Mathematics
Involving or exhibiting directly proportional change in two related quantities.‘linear relationship’- ‘As a result of this activity, students may or may not discover that the diameter and the circumference of the circle stand in a linear relationship.’
- ‘Of course the relationship is not linear and directly causal, but more complex.’
- ‘The solid line indicates the linear relationship between duplication and loss in different subfamilies.’
- ‘The proposed graph underlines the linear relation between dose and risk.’
- ‘This represents a strong linear relationship between size of drainage and number of species present.’
2Progressing from one stage to another in a single series of steps; sequential.
‘a linear narrative’- ‘It's not necessarily linear - there are stages, but there are many peaks and valleys.’
- ‘They do not represent primitive vestiges of an early stage in the linear progress of life.’
- ‘These were brought together and placed in a linear narrative sequence in a process of historical convergence.’
- ‘A linear time series approach was used to see if changes in these dimensions represented secular trends.’
- ‘In the hands of a competent architect it can be an orderly process, but it rarely consists of a linear sequence of steps leading inexorably toward a predictable result.’
- ‘This adds a completely new degree of immersiveness, since you rarely feel obligated to conform to a linear path of progress.’
- ‘In particular, they carry out instructions one after another, in a single linear sequence, and they spend a lot of time moving data to and from the memory.’
- ‘The story, such as it is, moves forward through associative montage rather than linear narrative progression.’
- ‘Progress through these developmental stages is not necessarily linear or uniform.’
- ‘We notice the linear progress in the way the language (of the Geneva Bible) proceeds-how many aporias there are!’
- ‘Progress seems linear, even sublinear in some cases.’
- ‘No wonder some critics think that Shanghaiese are not ready to see a Pina Bausch show because they have not surpassed the stage of merely appreciating linear narrative.’
- ‘In contrast Europeans may prefer to learn in a more linear and sequential fashion, learning about the individual parts before building towards the whole.’
- ‘Imploding his linear narrative in a single frame, Shaw creates on canvas a kind of literary black hole.’
- ‘Of course, if this is not to your taste the book could simply be read conventionally as a single linear narrative.’
- ‘Planning will be iterative and collaborative rather than sequential and linear, more a framework for learning and action than a rigid template.’
- ‘A linear sequential model has the simplest topology, but nevertheless has been successfully used to describe the gating of many ion channels.’
- ‘Quantitative research can be characterized as a linear series of steps moving from theory to conclusions.’
- ‘In fact, no one tradition existed changeless throughout the Western world or descended in a linear fashion from a single national origin.’
- ‘In place of the linear progress through the ages of his preceding two volumes, Mansfield has chosen a sophisticated mix of chronological and topical frames.’
Origin
Mid 17th century: from Latin linearis, from linea a line (see line).
Pronunciation:
Further reading
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