Definition of ligament in English:



  • 1A short band of tough, flexible fibrous connective tissue which connects two bones or cartilages or holds together a joint.

    • ‘Injury to the medial collateral ligament is fairly common and is usually the result of acute trauma.’
    • ‘He has had one surgery, to repair a torn ankle ligament during his first pro year.’
    • ‘Then, if necessary, the lateral ankle ligaments were repaired.’
    • ‘At the inguinal ligament, the external iliac artery becomes the common femoral artery.’
    • ‘There were whispers that he had torn the anterior cruciate ligament in his right knee.’
    1. 1.1 A membranous fold that supports an organ and keeps it in position.
      • ‘Generally, it is found in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ligaments supporting the uterus, although it can occur in a number of different locations.’
      • ‘Halfway down the larynx the paired vocal folds (commonly known as the vocal cords), formed by ligaments covered with mucous membrane, project inwards from its wall.’
      • ‘In the second trimester, the muscles and ligaments that support your uterus stretch.’
    2. 1.2archaic A thing which unites people or things; a bond.


Late Middle English: from Latin ligamentum ‘bond’, from ligare ‘to bind’.