Main definitions of liege in English

: liege1Liège2

liege1

adjective

historical
  • Concerned with or relating to the relationship between a feudal superior and a vassal.

    ‘an oath of fealty and liege homage’
    • ‘The Scottish king submitted completely, offering liege homage and a 15,000 mark fine.’
    • ‘This concept lead in the 9th century to the concept of liege homage; that is, the one lord whom the vassal must obey even if it meant the harm of his other masters.’
    • ‘In 1334 Balliol had to pay the price, performing liege homage to Edward for his kingdom, and ceding much of southern Scotland to Edward III's direct rule.’
    • ‘At the Treaty of Paris in 1259 Henry III accepted that he held Aquitaine as a fief of the French crown and owed liege homage.’
    • ‘So, he decided to require each European lord to take an oath of liege homage to him upon their arrival.’

Main definitions of liege in English

: liege1Liège2

Liège2

proper noun

  • 1A province of eastern Belgium. Formerly ruled by independent prince-bishops, it became a part of the Netherlands in 1815 and of Belgium in 1830.

    Flemish name Luik
    1. 1.1 The capital of Liège; population 190,102 (2008).

Origin

Middle English: via Old French lige, liege from medieval Latin laeticus, probably of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

Liège

/ljɛʒ//lɪˈɛʒ/

noun

historical
  • 1A feudal superior or sovereign.

    ‘the Scots obeyed him as their liege lord’
    • ‘Master, how is my liege lord the retired Emperor today?’
    • ‘We have searched as we could, my liege, but the northern lords object to our presence more strongly every day.’
    • ‘My liege, Lord Ivan may have, to some extent, the ability to read thoughts.’
    • ‘I myself think that Americans should recognize the Queen as their rightful liege lord and rejoin the British Commonwealth!’
    • ‘There was only one thing that it was truly concerned for and that was to kill and to destroy any individual that dared to come against his liege, the Dark Master.’
    liege lord, lord, feudal lord, seigneur, suzerain, overlord, master, chief, chieftain, superior, monarch, sovereign, baron, ruler
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A vassal or subject.
      ‘the king's lieges’
      • ‘He took Angevin power to its zenith and made himself overlord of Ireland with a campaign in 1171, gaining the loyalty of important Irish rulers and establishing Normans as his lieges in Leinster.’
      • ‘But the sun would soon set on Japanese rule of the island and create uncertainty for Taiwanese like Tsao, who were taught to speak Japanese and think of themselves as lieges of the emperor.’