Definition of leptospirosis in English:



mass noun
  • An infectious bacterial disease occurring in rodents, dogs, and other mammals, which can be transmitted to humans.

    The bacterium is a spirochaete of the genus Leptospira

    • ‘I have been hearing about a potentially fatal kidney disease in dogs, leptospirosis, becoming a problem in Connecticut and Long Island.’
    • ‘At least 52 people have died of illnesses associated with the floods, including diarrhea, leptospirosis, respiratory infections and dengue fever.’
    • ‘Development of a recombinant system for these genes for the expression of these proteins would be an important step in the development of better indigenous diagnostic systems for leptospirosis.’
    • ‘Farmers have been warned about the risk of picking up the infectious disease, leptospirosis, from unvaccinated cattle.’
    • ‘The provincial Minister of Agriculture is recommending that people stay away from dog and other small mammal urine, which could be contaminated with leptospirosis, the bacteria that causes fever and conjunctivitis.’
    • ‘This is aggravating an already festering situation produced by outbreaks of malaria, dengue fever, hepatitis-A, leptospirosis, cholera and other diarrheal diseases.’
    • ‘Another person was killed by the postflood infectious disease leptospirosis on Thursday, bringing the death toll to nine.’
    • ‘Thai public health authorities have already reported an outbreak of leptospirosis - a disease caused by bacteria contained in rat urine.’
    • ‘Animal health will also feature prominently, with advice on controlling diseases such as pneumonia, BVD and leptospirosis.’
    • ‘According to the National Disease Surveillance Centre there were 6 human cases of leptospirosis recorded in 2002 and 5 probable cases have been reported to date in 2003.’
    • ‘Rats have been known to cause the deadly disease leptospirosis when they bite humans.’
    • ‘Dogs require vaccinations against distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza and parvovirus, and throughout their lives need periodical deworming, daily exercise and proper nutrition.’
    • ‘These very common symptoms lead to difficulties in detecting the disease, and leptospirosis can only be accurately diagnosed through a blood examination.’
    • ‘The available serological techniques for the diagnosis of leptospirosis have less sensitivity during the early stage of the disease.’
    • ‘At first it was believed she had meningococcal meningitis or leptospirosis, but tests ruled those out.’
    • ‘At present the prevention of human leptospirosis is very difficult at it is impossible to eliminate animal reservoirs.’
    • ‘Conjunctivitis can also be a symptom of other infections such as measles or leptospirosis, a bacterial infection.’
    • ‘Puppies should be vaccinated against distemper, infectious hepatitis, leptospirosis, parvovirus, parainfluenza and rabies.’
    • ‘With increasing awareness of the disease, many investigators have started working on leptospirosis.’
    • ‘The Health Ministry has warned that people are at risk of infectious diseases such as diarrhoea and leptospirosis, but authorities quickly ran out of water purification tablets and had to wait for new supplies from overseas.’


1920s: from lepto- ‘narrow’ + Greek speira ‘coil’ + -osis.