noun

  • An assertion that is accepted as true for legal purposes, even though it may be untrue or unproven.

    ‘one must remember that landownership is ultimately simply a legal fiction’
    • ‘It is really a legal fiction to say that a defect in the architecture of the courthouse itself caused her mother's death.’
    • ‘It may have its root, philosophically, in the legal fiction that a corporation is a person.’
    • ‘This ability is, in reality, a legal fiction, a useful lie the court tells itself.’
    • ‘If you accept the legal fiction of the corporation being a separate person, then taking its property violates its rights.’
    • ‘By a legal fiction, U.S. tort law considers a Catholic bishop liable for the criminal acts of his clergy.’