Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A substance, typically yeast, that is added to dough to make it ferment and rise.
leavening, ferment, fermentation agent, raising agent, yeast, barm, baking powderView synonyms
- ‘Once a batch of bread has been mixed with the leaven, there are two ways in which the system can be perpetuated.’
- ‘Once active, even a small amount of leaven will be able to convert a very large quantity of new flour and water into fresh leaven overnight.’
- 1.1Dough that is reserved from an earlier batch in order to start a later one fermenting.
2A pervasive influence that modifies something or transforms it for the better.‘they acted as an intellectual leaven to the warriors who dominated the city’
- ‘A little leaven certainly has the power to affect the whole lump.’
- ‘After only five years of agitation, without abuse from us or any aggressive propagandism on our part, the leaven of this great truth has begun to work.’
- ‘Being in the world, the Christian acts within the culture as a leaven, trying to transform it by communicating to others the redemption brought by Christ.’
- ‘It works like a leaven of forgiveness and nonviolence in a culture prone to revenge and retribution.’
1Cause (dough or bread) to ferment and rise by adding leaven.‘leavened breads are forbidden during Passover’
raise, make rise, ferment, work, lighten, puff up, expand, swell, inflateView synonyms
- ‘The children of Israel left Egypt in a hurry and did not have time to leaven their bread.’
- ‘By the way - if the batter is mixed for too long, the excess blending can cause the premature formation and escape of the carbon dioxide that is needed for leavening the pancakes.’
- ‘The Hebrew word ‘hametz’ is translated as leavened bread and refers to food prepared from five species of grain - wheat, barley, oats, spelt, and rye - that has been allowed to leaven.’
- ‘There is only one time when leavened bread was offered, to represent the thanksgiving of the people.’
- ‘These ingredients have been used individually in the preparation of other yeast leavened dough products.’
- ‘Another method of leavening is the use of whipped egg whites, which traps air in bubbles.’
- ‘Air bubbles can also be trapped in beaten egg whites, a technique used to leaven angel food or sponge cakes.’
- ‘Several dozen of the Haredim managed to make their way to a street where chametz, or leavened bread, is sold.’
- ‘With naturally leavened bread, the magic of bread baking - the leavening process - originates right here within the four walls of the bakery.’
- ‘As it ages, natural leavened bread will retain its moisture and keep well without refrigeration, quite opposed from the yeasted bread that stales and dries out within hours after its baking.’
- ‘The Jews Jesus was speaking to would have viewed leavened bread as profane; it was unleavened bread that was sacred.’
- ‘He compares the rage of the people to a burning oven which the baker heats, until his dough is leavened and raised.’
- ‘Why does the Orthodox church use leavened bread and most Protestant fellowships use unleavened bread?’
- ‘An extrusion method is used to obtain leavened dough products with desirable characteristics.’
- ‘An understanding of leavening ingredients and the interrelationship of other ingredients, preparation methods, heat and other factors, will help produce a final product of optimum quality.’
2Permeate and modify or transform (something) for the better.‘the proceedings should be leavened by humour’‘underneath the frills and fuss there's a leavening of serious intent’
permeate, infuse, pervade, penetrate, imbue, suffuse, transform, modifyView synonyms
- ‘They're well-crafted, well-executed lyrics, often with a modicum of internal or (less often) end rhyme which leavens them in the mind.’
- ‘There is lots of humor to leaven the suspense, as Christie fans will expect, particularly in scenes where Poirot gets to trump suspects who have treated him dismissively.’
- ‘The subject matter is still that of broken relationships but, whereas before the sense was of an unremitting resignation, now a lighter note leavens the confessionals.’
- ‘It's obvious that he grew up loving old-fashioned shoot-em-ups and the humour that sometimes leavened the action.’
- ‘We are not encouraging any use of these sites save the one stated purpose of identifying leavening agents.’
- ‘I wish all those kids were doing some kind of composition and improvisation as well, leavening their virtuosity with creativity.’
- ‘Fortunately, she has a sharp and tarry black humour, so while she attacks the objects of her wrath, she leavens the battle with a running current of dark and infectious wit.’
- ‘In his writing he has honed a unique style of time-twisting montage, leavening the serious stuff with an eye for intriguing detail and an ear for a telling tale.’
- ‘He leavens his vision of the human slaughterhouse with emotions, but these nearly always lead to impasse, or compromise.’
- ‘His narrative exposition crams in immense acreages of information, while nonetheless barrelling along at an exhilarating speed, and he leavens his social analysis with vignettes of individual Californians who have made a difference.’
- ‘This doesn't answer the question really, but then it could be argued that a little bit of humour does much to leaven the blandness of what passes for reporting and analysis in the Indian press.’
- ‘I also was impressed by the amount of humor Washington uses to leaven the heavy material, giving every little character a realistic quirk and cutting judiciously on the funny lines to keep the timing solid.’
- ‘For the next two weeks the schedules will be Olympics wall-to-wall, so I'm guessing that come next Friday we will all be gagging for a bit of inspired fiction to leaven the diet of real-life heartbreak and triumph.’
- ‘There is humour enough to leaven proceedings.’
- ‘In typical Tutu fashion - leavening painful moments with humour and lifting the spirit in joy - the archbishop had the congregation smiling while reflecting on the sacrifices Naude had made.’
- ‘There is a bit of sarcasm too that leavens the portrayal at times but it never veers to irreverence.’
- ‘It is an accomplished film that uses dark humor to leaven its serious topics.’
- ‘Frazier's sense of humor leavens his troubling reflections on the roles evil and envy play in the terribly sad history of the Sioux, in particular, and Native Americans in general.’
- ‘And here, unlike in his previous shows, there is not enough humour or anger to leaven the piece, which takes its own philosophical possibilities just a little too seriously.’
- ‘Rustic humors punctuate and leaven the boxlike patterns of the plot, which gathers itself before each action as if for an aria.’
Middle English: from Old French levain, based on Latin levamen relief (literally means of raising), from levare to lift.
Are you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
Before you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.