Main definitions of lean in English

: lean1lean2

lean1

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • 1 Be in or move into a sloping position.

    ‘he leaned back in his chair’
    • ‘He asked me to scratch his back and I just leaned over him and put my arms round him.’
    • ‘He leant over their table like a solicitous waiter, holding his warrant card.’
    • ‘She leaned forward onto her elbows and buried her face in her arms, weeping bitterly.’
    • ‘After about ten minutes of this, he let his arms fall to his sides one last time and leant back against the wall of the theatre.’
    • ‘One of the men leaned out the window and told a young man, aged in his teens, to give up his hat.’
    • ‘He leant back in his chair, as if he was only incidentally present in the courtroom.’
    • ‘To get to a lever on an asphalt tanker he had leaned over an engine with an unguarded rotating shaft.’
    • ‘His son sat in the chair before the desk and leaned forward with his elbows resting on his knees.’
    • ‘It stands 187 feet high and until 1990 was leaning over at about a 10-degree angle, the top being 17 feet further over than was originally intended.’
    • ‘Carolyn leaned forward in her plush seat as the large house came into the view at the end of the long drive.’
    • ‘He leaned back in my arms, looked me in the eye, then put his head on my shoulder and started to purr.’
    • ‘Then he said something that was obviously really important about us two, leant in close and kissed me on the cheek.’
    • ‘An hour later it was still there, so I went upstairs to get my camera, and leant out the window to take a picture.’
    • ‘Jack was first tempted to open his garden when someone leaned over the gate to chat and was invited in.’
    • ‘We leant into the smelly wind as we walked and it was strong enough to hold us up.’
    • ‘He'd leaned in and just whispered the words in her ear, slipping the ring onto her finger.’
    • ‘I just leaned out of my window and started waving and smiling at all these lovely people.’
    • ‘I leant over and pushed a few stray hairs off her forehead and kissed her gently.’
    • ‘He leaned forward and pointed to a list of five names on the second page in the folder.’
    • ‘He didn't have a clue who I was, so was quite shocked when I leant across to recite his name and address.’
    slant, incline, bend, tilt, be at an angle, slope, tip, bank, list, heel, careen, cant, bias, veer, sway, angle
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Incline from the perpendicular and rest for support against (something)
      ‘a man was leaning against the wall’
      • ‘I left him leaning against this concrete support beam, getting his wind back.’
      • ‘But I think that's really only in reference to the fact my desk leans against one of the walls…’
      • ‘It leans against a wire mesh fence - charred, gnarled and rusting.’
      • ‘On one corner a giant orange teddy bear leans against a pole, a camouflage army hat and white gym towel resting on its head.’
      • ‘Her kneeling body involuntarily leans against David for support.’
      • ‘He was leaning against the lamp-post waiting for a friend who would help him find a place to stay.’
      • ‘I was leaning against my door for support, because I was really weak from a lack of air from laughing so much.’
      • ‘He slouches to his feet and leans against a wall to be photographed, all limbs and mortified smile.’
      • ‘He dismounted and strode off to a nearby tree; he leant against it and rested.’
      • ‘I arrived back to find that someone had kindly left a large ladder leaning against the side of my flat by my living room window.’
      • ‘But I'm not reading it, as my head leans against the window and the street lights roll past.’
      • ‘He realised that he couldn't escape so he sat down leaning against one of the support beams.’
      • ‘Just behind them a haystack rears up, a ladder leaning against the side.’
      • ‘This one woman goes and leans against the door, watching the road where the buses would come from.’
      • ‘Well, in situations like this, i'll just push my hand through and grab the pole, and then look away disinterestedly as the person who is leaning on the pole turns around to look at me.’
      • ‘A woman, a blond in a dark coat, leans against a pole and possibly cries.’
      • ‘I was standing, leaning against the couch, and she was about five feet away from me.’
      • ‘My right side leant against the wall for support once I got out of the elevator.’
      • ‘The air seems to thicken around me, and I have to lean against the door to support myself.’
      • ‘And the anchor of the ill-fated vessel leans against the Visitor's Centre at Port Campbell.’
    2. 1.2[with object]Cause something to rest against.
      ‘he leaned his elbows on the table’
      • ‘I sighed and leaned my arms on the railing, resting my chin in my hands.’
      • ‘I sighed and leaned my elbow on the arm rest of my chair, cupping my chin in my palm and trying to think.’
      • ‘I lean my elbows on the sill and look down into the city.’
      • ‘One of his knees was pointed up and he leaned his face against the arm that rested upon it.’
      • ‘He leaned her body against his own, rested her head on his shoulder and stroked her hair as she continued blabbering.’
      • ‘But after that the smile left her face the woman just rested and leant her head against the wall.’
      • ‘She leaned her elbow on the old wood and rested her head on her hand.’
      • ‘I gazed out at the stars, leaning my elbows on the edge, for awhile before answering.’
      • ‘He sat back in the chair, leaned an elbow on the table, and canted his head to rest in that hand.’
      • ‘She leaned her elbows on the windowsill, resting her chin in her hands.’
      • ‘When I used to cycle everywhere, I would lean my bike against the medieval wall at the back of my flat.’
      • ‘They were all seated and Robert leaned forward, leaning his elbows on the table.’
      • ‘She rested her chin on her fist and leaned her elbow on her knee, staring into empty space and thinking.’
      • ‘Sophie leant her elbows on her knees and cradled her chin in her hands, praying, hoping and wishing for anything to come and make things easier.’
      • ‘I leant my bike on the side of her car and explained patiently through the window that she was going to pay for a new wheel.’
      • ‘He leaned his elbows on the table, and then rested his chin on his clasped hands.’
      • ‘Suddenly looking very, very bored, her dad leaned his elbow on the table and rested the side of his head in his hand.’
      • ‘‘I think I've gotten too much information tonight,’ he groaned, leaning his elbows on his knees and resting his chin in one hand.’
      • ‘There's a real nice one where you can be sitting on a bale of hay and leaning your elbows on a fake barnyard fence.’
      • ‘He leans his elbow on the desk and rests his forehead in his hand, sighing.’

noun

  • A deviation from the perpendicular; an inclination.

    ‘the vehicle has a definite lean to the left’
    • ‘Their limbs stretch out, yawning and dipping into spirals, leans and lifts.’

Phrases

Phrasal Verbs

  • lean on

    • 1Rely on or derive support from.

      ‘they have learned to lean on each other for support’
      • ‘She really didn't have the option to rely on or to lean on anyone else on that team her freshman year.’
      • ‘Science has moved on and so have the tools the police rely upon and lean on in order to prosecute and gain convictions.’
      • ‘So many years of his life had been spent praying for the time when he could lean on someone, trust someone to be there.’
      • ‘You need people you trust to lean on, someone steady in your world that has just been severely and tragically rocked.’
      • ‘On the other side of the coin, in times of crisis, he was always there, a rock to lean on… someone I could always count on to pull a rabbit out of the hat… or throw the sun back into the sky for us.’
      • ‘You become involved when others lean on you and depend on you.’
      • ‘His conclusion leans on, rather than derives from, the discussion of gambling that precedes it.’
      • ‘I felt so dependent, I needed someone to lean on, and the only person I knew that would take me I had pushed away.’
      • ‘This is not a guy that has a pitch he can lean on, but instead relies on control and changing speeds.’
      • ‘The team hopes to lean on the ground game and keep pressure off its quarterbacks.’
      • ‘David had taught her to lean on other people, to trust, and to love.’
      • ‘Another cause for consternation is peddlers of bad policy leaning on conventional wisdom that, while generally believed, turns out to be false at every turn.’
      • ‘She digs deep and leans on her faith in God and believes her life will change.’
      • ‘You hope and trust he has a few good men to lean on among his teammates.’
      • ‘I'm the sort of dependable type he can lean on a lot, and he does.’
      • ‘He obviously needed someone to lean on, someone to trust.’
      • ‘It can be tempting to lean on your partner and rely on them for reassurance, but the stronger you are as an individual, the stronger and more equal your relationship will be.’
      • ‘The more it leans on the franchise, industry observers believe, the more it risks killing the golden goose.’
      • ‘Let them lean on you, when they need it.’
      • ‘Individuals in these acute situations often seek guidance from someone they can trust or lean on.’
      depend, be dependent, rely, count, bank, pin one's faith
      View synonyms
    • 2Put pressure on (someone) to act in a certain way.

      ‘a determination not to allow the majority to lean on the minority’
      • ‘They leaned on members of Congress, who in turn pressured the commission to back off.’
      • ‘Just lean on them, big fella; they'll feel the pressure.’
      • ‘Having your economic team lean on the Bank of Japan to pump more liquidity into the banking system wasn't wise.’
      • ‘Critics says the US Government is leaning on its neighbour, under pressure from the drugs industry.’
      • ‘The latest twist seems to be for conservationists to ask the World Bank to lean on the government to reduce logging taxes.’
      • ‘For the kids there had to be 100% loyalty to her or she would lean on their little minds until they folded under the pressure and let her have her way.’
      • ‘If it tries to make big changes in the BBC now, it could look as if it is genuinely attempting to lean on, to pressure the Corporation, and obviously it won't want to be seen to do that.’
      • ‘Elections are subject to administrative pressure, some electors are directly leaned on, and counts are manipulated and turnout unconvincingly fixed.’
      intimidate, coerce, domineer, browbeat, bully, tyrannize, pressurize, threaten, compel, pressure, put pressure on, force, drive, impel, constrain
      View synonyms
  • lean to/towards

    • Incline or be partial to (a view or position)

      ‘I now lean towards sabotage as the cause of the crash’
      • ‘However, another side of the band leans to the more melodic and powerful, wall-of-sound approach.’
      • ‘So that still leaves us looking for a country that leans towards coins yet has coins of increasing size with value.’
      • ‘For a site targeting males, use guitars, bass and brass because they lean towards band instruments and sounds.’
      • ‘He offered a softer edge to policy and pronouncements; he deliberately leant towards the centre.’
      • ‘He said his politics are ‘independent, leaning to libertarian.’’
      tend, incline, gravitate, have a tendency
      View synonyms

Origin

Old English hleonian, hlinian, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch leunen and German lehnen, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin inclinare and Greek klinein.

Pronunciation:

lean

/liːn/

Main definitions of lean in English

: lean1lean2

lean2

adjective

  • 1(of a person or animal) thin, especially healthily so; having no superfluous fat.

    ‘his lean, muscular body’
    • ‘According to fashion dictates, she is elegantly lean in a most feminine way.’
    • ‘I would like to start with the popular story of the fat dog and the lean wolf, which was in circulation during my student days in Sambalpur in Orissa in the late 1970s.’
    • ‘He was lean, and built, and he didn't look like he was from around here.’
    • ‘Yes, she was still lean, keen, and beautiful, yet I still knew next to nothing about her past.’
    • ‘Noyce's film is lean, making its point by maintaining a sharp focus on the humanity of its characters.’
    • ‘I'm lean, healthy and strong, which makes me feel so much better than any amount of junk food ever could.’
    • ‘He was lean from undernourishment, and had to be at least sixty-years-old.’
    • ‘The film is lean, with no unnecessary words, actions, or shots.’
    • ‘However, if you're already lean, chances are you simply have muscular calves.’
    • ‘At 180 pounds and a little under six feet, he is lean and chiseled, with balled-up biceps and pecs.’
    • ‘He follows this six-day cycle year-round, which allows him to keep growing yet stay lean in the offseason.’
    • ‘He was lean and supple, every bit as reptilian as birdlike.’
    • ‘It is a beautifully poised and lean wine, as befits its musical signature of the shrill hunting horn.’
    • ‘If you are already lean but still want to be leaner, pay more attention to improving performance through optimal fueling and training.’
    • ‘They're also packed with protein and low in carbs and fat, so you can build muscle, stay lean, and satisfy your sweet tooth at the same time.’
    • ‘He is still lean, despite not having played regularly since May 1999.’
    • ‘This is a gorgeous lean wine in a truly subtle Burgundian style.’
    • ‘He was more lean than muscular, though not out of shape.’
    • ‘He was lean and wiry, but muscled, and there was strength in him.’
    • ‘The key to staying lean all over is to get enough exercise and eat healthfully.’
    slim, thin, slender, rangy, spare, wiry, slight
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(of meat) containing little fat.
      ‘lean bacon’
      • ‘Vitamin B12 can be found in most meats - which should be eaten as lean cuts, and not in excess.’
      • ‘Try to stay away from processed foods, eat enough fruits and vegetables, and make sure your cuts of meat are lean.’
      • ‘However, today it is used primarily as a vehicle to impart flavor and moisture into a lean cut of meat.’
      • ‘However, if the meat is very lean or has no marinade, or if your marinade contains a lot of sugar, brush the food or grill lightly with oil to prevent sticking.’
      • ‘Look for lean cuts of these meats with minimal visible fat.’
      • ‘Preparing bison meat is comparable to preparing other lean meats.’
      • ‘It specialises in ‘bush tucker’, so try the Emu pate and the kangaroo steak, which tastes like lean mutton.’
      • ‘The meat is lean and sweet and tender enough to roast.’
      • ‘Each snack should include a whole grain, one or more fruits or vegetables and lean protein.’
      • ‘For low-fat meats, choose lean cuts of meat and trim away as much visible fat as possible…’
      • ‘Choosing lean cuts of meat and trimming off the visible fat are easy ways to avoid this problem.’
      • ‘Red meat is also acceptable if you choose lean cuts and cut away or drain all visible fat.’
      • ‘The lean meat was cut in slivers, arranged on crisp falafel cake, and crowned with a spoonful of tangy green-pepper relish.’
      • ‘A half cup of cooked dry beans is about the same as 1 ounce of lean meat.’
      • ‘Brush with a few drops of oil if the meat is very lean.’
      • ‘You should shoot for a three-ounce portion of lean meat, which is equal in size to a deck of cards.’
      • ‘If you've got the time, foods such as eggs, poultry, fish, and lean cuts of red meat are excellent sources of complete protein.’
      • ‘I have followed a new dietary program that focuses on vegetables, fruits, lean proteins and whole grains.’
      • ‘Her own stews were so lean that the butchers used to disappear into the meatlocker when they saw her coming.’
      • ‘Farmed venison means we can buy this lean meat all year round.’
    2. 1.2(of an industry or company) efficient and with no wastage.
      ‘staff were pruned, ostensibly to produce a leaner and fitter organization’
      • ‘I do have an agent, but the industry is notoriously lean.’
      • ‘It expects its lean business model to serve it well in a shrinking market.’
      • ‘That's why he aims for a lean organization, he said.’
      • ‘Too few UK companies are lean, a factor that is reflected in the country's poor relative productivity performance.’
      • ‘Scotland's financial services industry is strong and lean at present.’
      • ‘It is a lean business, employing only eight full-time staff and keeping its costs low by outsourcing many of its activities.’
      • ‘He is keen to create a lean and efficient operation that will be able to expand rapidly when conditions improve.’
      • ‘The industry in which I am employed is currently fairly lean.’
      • ‘Tech companies are lean enough to make an earnings recovery on the slimmest uptick in demand.’
      • ‘He said he wants a lean organization with a ‘singular focus on infrastructure management.’’
      • ‘Our skills and talents aside, we made a critical error by running the organization too lean.’
      • ‘It will duplicate many of the lean business practices.’
      • ‘Although lean thinking in industry often results in staff reductions, it first creates extra capacity by identifying and eliminating wasted resource.’
      • ‘This indicates a very lean organization where your donation will be put to work, rather than recycled into fundraising efforts.’
      • ‘He's consistently made it clear Scottish government should be lean and efficient, with taxpayers' money spent on key services.’
      • ‘The industry is lean today and clearly we need to build relationships with other travel entities that can help us create a total package.’
      • ‘We've seen a reduction in wages and terms conditions, to get what they see as a lean industry, which is a disgrace.’
      • ‘The company plans to hire a few more but remain lean in its early years.’
      • ‘Some people think that corporations are lean, fast-adapting animals.’
      • ‘Certainly, his operations are lean by Wall Street standards.’
  • 2Offering little reward, substance, or nourishment; meagre.

    ‘the lean winter months’
    ‘keep a small reserve to tide you over the lean years’
    • ‘Despite these efforts, times remained pretty lean for a lot of woodlot owners in the two counties.’
    • ‘When I go to see him he plays brilliantly and then has a wee lean spell but I think when you're a flair player you tend to be more inconsistent.’
    • ‘And so the hoteliers in the city are planning to see this lean period off with festivals featuring mostly local cuisine or games.’
    • ‘Perhaps they will appear as actual paying customers in the lean winter months.’
    • ‘If you can survive it through the lean years, then you'll be OK later.’
    • ‘He has less than two years to go, and even he must realise that the accomplishment list is pretty lean.’
    • ‘While they may not be able to bring in the same levels of revenue as foreign tourists, they would help tourist destinations bridge over such lean times as the present.’
    • ‘The years between 1990 and 1997 were pretty lean.’
    • ‘In southern Africa we used to take every foodstuff we could lay our hands on, dry it or salt it, and stash it away for use during the lean winter months or for travel.’
    • ‘My acting years were pretty lean - I wasn't any good at it, really.’
    • ‘Spirits during a lean spell are briefly lifted with a superb 4-2 win at struggling Leeds.’
    • ‘The money I earned from him helped me over lean periods as I lurched from one temporary job to another.’
    • ‘After a lean spell with Manchester City, the former Leeds and Liverpool striker has recaptured his sharpness.’
    • ‘Throughout the lean years of the depression, Smith was never out of work.’
    • ‘The next few weeks will be pretty lean till we sort things out.’
    • ‘With a strong educational background, my future may look reasonably bright, but my present is feeling pretty lean.’
    • ‘I think it is important for you to share with children how things were in the lean years of your family.’
    • ‘In such lean times, we must search for crumbs of comfort.’
    • ‘One boat had over a hundred stone and the fishermen are now poised for a break in the weather to make some decent landings and earn some much needed cash after a very lean period.’
    • ‘But he clearly feels in no hurry to rush back in the pop scene during such lean times for dance music.’
    meagre, scanty, sparse, poor, scant, mean, inadequate, insufficient, paltry, limited, restricted, modest, deficient, insubstantial, slight
    unproductive, unfruitful, unprofitable, unremunerative, arid, barren
    View synonyms
  • 3(of a vaporized fuel mixture) having a high proportion of air.

    ‘lean air-to-fuel ratios’
    • ‘The dual ignition system also allows for an extremely lean fuel-air mixture and late ignition timing during warm-up.’
    • ‘The down side is that the lean mixtures sacrifice peak power.’
    • ‘The difference in horsepower per cylinder is the cause of rough running at lean mixtures.’
    • ‘On especially cold days, taxi with a lean mixture to help your engine warm up.’
    • ‘As a result, the engine would run rough due to the lean mixture at all cylinders.’

noun

  • [mass noun] The lean part of meat.

    ‘the man who eats no fat and the wife who eats no lean’
    • ‘Traditionally, meat with yellow fat and dark lean has been deemed a lesser quality product at the retail level.’
    • ‘Max Conrad used lean of peak to set distance records in his Comanche in the 1960s when he flew over 7,600 miles nonstop.’

Origin

Old English hlǣne, of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation:

lean

/liːn/