Definition of latifundium in English:

latifundium

noun

  • A large landed estate or ranch in ancient Rome or more recently in Spain or Latin America, typically worked by peasants or slaves.

    • ‘The countryside was dominated by giant estates or latifundia.’
    • ‘The labour needed to work these latifundia was provided by transforming free peasants into unfree tenants tied to the land.’
    • ‘Despite this industrialisation, a third of the population still worked as agricultural labourers, many in large estates or latifundia.’
    • ‘The Alentejo has traditionally been a region of low population density, latifundia that originated in the Roman estate system, and landless day laborers.’
    • ‘In the seventh and eighth centuries, the city drew its food supply from the public, papal, and ecclesiastical patrimony in the Latium countryside and the latifundia of Sicily.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Latin, from latus broad + fundus landed estate, partly via Spanish.

Pronunciation:

latifundium

/ˌlɑːtɪˈfʌndɪəm/