Definition of latent in English:

latent

adjective

  • 1(of a quality or state) existing but not yet developed or manifest; hidden or concealed.

    ‘they have a huge reserve of latent talent’
    • ‘TV quizzes have kindled many a latent quizzing talent and brought them to the fore.’
    • ‘Six minutes and a fraction over 20 seconds later, and the British four were contemplating a row of latent promise but patchy quality.’
    • ‘The course aims at harnessing the latent talent of participants.’
    • ‘For these children from the city's slums and streets, it will be an opportunity to express themselves and discover their latent talents.’
    • ‘Now, students try their hand at designing, fabrication and displaying models showcasing their latent talent and perception towards various subjects and languages.’
    • ‘Mentors represent a vital component of this latent potential for educational renewal and reform.’
    • ‘If you'll excuse me, I have to go tell my wife and children about my latent homosexual qualities and accompanying gender confusion.’
    • ‘The model or template here is taken from Freud's interpretation of dreams and the distinction between manifest and latent content.’
    • ‘By the twentieth century the investigations of cognitive psychology had established creativity as a latent quality in every person, applicable to any field of human endeavour.’
    • ‘They were of course unaware of the latent potential for economic growth just around the corner.’
    • ‘The effort is to harness the latent talent in the country in TV production, broadcast journalism and media management.’
    • ‘This would release humankind from the drudgery of wage-slavery and release the latent talents of 3 billion people.’
    • ‘Amid the groves of academe, entrenched in the ivy covered tranquil buildings, there lurks more politics, latent hostility and simply bad manners than one can imagine.’
    • ‘I guess I was perceived as simply latent talent…’
    • ‘I also think this fear and tension is helping to bring up a normally only latent or dormant aggression and anger that's always been around in our culture.’
    • ‘We were surprised at the response as well as the children's latent talents.’
    • ‘Luckily, the discovery of a latent talent for ventriloquism was soon to change his seemingly tragic fate.’
    • ‘By forcing the internet to be accessible to everyone, there is a risk that we are levelling it down, reducing its potential to suit many competing, latent, unrealised needs.’
    • ‘This latent predisposition would underlie the adolescent's risk for runaway and experiences with parents, teachers, classmates, and friends.’
    • ‘Customer needs and wants, both existing and latent, must be identified through research; know what competitors are offering the customer.’
    dormant, quiescent, inactive, untapped, unused
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    1. 1.1Biology Lying dormant or hidden until circumstances are suitable for development or manifestation.
      ‘axillary buds or eyes in the leaf axils are latent growth buds’
      • ‘In spring, when the plant is removed from winter storage, one to three branches will grow from the latent buds beneath the cuts.’
      • ‘Cell proliferation and cell fate are controlled from dividing cell division centres (called meristems) or latent pluripotent stem cells within the cambium or pericycle.’
      • ‘Both active and latent enzyme forms were present in all the culture fluids.’
      • ‘At each node, the vegetative bud either remained latent or developed as a leafy shoot.’
      • ‘In grapevine, the current season's growth consists of shoots growing from latent buds produced during the previous cycle and made up of five to nine phytomers.’
      • ‘One to three branches will grow from the latent buds beneath the pruning cuts.’
      dormant, quiescent, inactive, untapped, unused
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    2. 1.2 (of a disease) not yet manifesting the usual symptoms.
      ‘diabetes may be latent for some years before diagnosis’
      ‘the latent stage of syphilis’
      • ‘Thus, the combination of obesity with a genetically-based insulin derangement, may reveal latent diabetes.’
      • ‘Chlamydia pneumoniae is an obligate intracellular organism capable of persistent latent infection.’
      • ‘Nevertheless, adult turkeys may harbor latent infections of coccidia that flare up when the host individual is stressed.’
      • ‘After the secondary stage, some people with syphilis progress to a latent stage where they have no more symptoms.’
      • ‘A positive test with no evidence of active tuberculosis is latent tuberculosis.’
      • ‘During latent infection, bradyzoites are present in tissue cysts.’
      • ‘Diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure and cirrhosis of the liver seem to predispose the activation to disease of the otherwise dormant latent infection.’
      • ‘Sometimes latent tuberculosis becomes active years later.’
      • ‘Therefore, the possibility of neurosyphilis should be considered in patients with early or late latent syphilis.’
      • ‘Elimination of tuberculosis in industrialized nations hinges on diagnosis and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection to prevent disease.’
      • ‘Very little is known regarding the usefulness of pyrazinamide and levofloxacin in the treatment of multidrug-resistant latent tuberculosis infection.’
      • ‘During the latent stage of syphilis, skin lesions resolve, and patients are asymptomatic.’
      • ‘Others include developing regimens that shorten the length of therapy and treating latent disease.’
      • ‘The bacteria may cause active disease, or they may persist at a low level for years before causing disease, a condition known as latent infection.’
      • ‘Primiquine prophylaxis was administered for latent disease.’
      • ‘These include chemoprophylaxis for patients with latent infection, and strategies for chemotherapy of dually infected individuals.’
      • ‘Screening for latent tuberculosis infection is most effective if those with positive test results are likely to progress to clinical disease.’
      • ‘Before initiating treatment of latent tuberculosis infection, physicians must ensure that active disease is not present.’
      • ‘These inconsistent findings may be explained by a variation in the detection of latent disease.’
      • ‘Results were similar for two additional adults with latent tuberculosis infection.’
      dormant, quiescent, inactive, untapped, unused
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    3. 1.3Physiology (of a microorganism, especially a virus) present in the body without causing disease, but capable of doing so at a later stage, or when transmitted to another body.
      • ‘First, they stimulated the T-cells strongly enough to prompt the cell to express latent virus but not to trigger other cellular functions.’
      • ‘The benefits of HRT may be latent until older age, when cognitive reserve is depleting or Alzheimer's disease is more likely to set in.’
      • ‘Herpes zoster ophthalmicus occurs when reactivation of the latent virus in the trigeminal ganglia involves the ophthalmic division of the nerve.’
      • ‘Herpes zoster results from reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus infection.’
      • ‘Also, a latent adenovirus infection has been reported to induce corticosteroid resistance.’
      • ‘Many asylum seekers carry the microbe in a harmless latent form.’
      dormant, quiescent, inactive, untapped, unused
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin latent- ‘being hidden’, from the verb latere.

Pronunciation

latent

/ˈleɪt(ə)nt/