Definition of laparotomy in English:



  • A surgical incision into the abdominal cavity, for diagnosis or in preparation for major surgery.

    ‘a further laparotomy was performed’
    [mass noun] ‘patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy’
    • ‘The exploratory laparotomy disclosed no abdominal trauma or hemorrhage.’
    • ‘An exploratory laparotomy was performed immediately after the second CT scan to search for a perforated viscus.’
    • ‘In all cases, the patients had undergone previous laparotomies at medical centers where powdered gloves were used.’
    • ‘A 47-year-old man began having painful hiccups several times a minute after undergoing an exploratory laparotomy.’
    • ‘In contrast to surgery by laparotomy, the mini laparotomy uses a much smaller incision with a length of approximately 6 cm.’
    • ‘The patient was taken to the operating room for an exploratory laparotomy through a transverse umbilical incision.’
    • ‘We recently performed our fourth laparotomy on the same patient in a seven-day period.’
    • ‘The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy under the suspicion of malignant tumor of the cecum or appendix.’
    • ‘Exploratory laparotomy and total abdominal hysterectomy were performed.’
    • ‘The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy and small bowel resection.’
    • ‘Exploratory laparotomy was performed, and a large soft tissue mass was found extending from the left side of the pelvis involving the rectum.’
    • ‘Ten days after the initial presentation the patient had an exploratory laparotomy through a transverse subumbilical incision.’
    • ‘When the patient began bleeding from a gastric ulcer and exhibiting signs of hypovolemic shock, an exploratory laparotomy was performed.’
    • ‘Mr M was taken to the OR for an exploratory laparotomy and splenectomy.’
    • ‘The patients underwent three unnecessary laparotomies before the correct diagnosis was made.’
    • ‘The history of a negative laparotomy for acute abdominal pain is also consistent with IBS, since these patients are more likely to have unnecessary surgery.’
    • ‘A laparotomy uses a bigger incision to remove the cyst or possibly the entire ovary.’
    • ‘An exploratory laparotomy and splenectomy were performed.’
    • ‘Subsequently, an exploratory abdominal laparotomy was performed to remove the masses.’
    • ‘Sites need not be marked for other procedures including those with a midline incision, cesarean-sections, laparotomies, and laparoscopies.’


Mid 19th century: from Greek lapara flank + -tomy.