Definition of landscape in English:

landscape

noun

  • 1All the visible features of an area of land, often considered in terms of their aesthetic appeal:

    ‘the soft colours of the Northumbrian landscape’
    ‘a bleak urban landscape’
    • ‘At the same time, there are streets where the landscape is bleak: graffiti-covered walls and discarded furniture.’
    • ‘These landscapes do not just appeal aesthetically; they are also a prime venue for the adventurous.’
    • ‘The epic scale of the images helps construct a viewing subject unaware of the smaller scale, ecosystem level features of the land that comprise the landscape.’
    • ‘At 10,000 feet, only the colorful fabric of their chutes keep jumpers visible against the panoramic landscape.’
    • ‘Impeding their progress are land mines studding the landscape and threatening every turn of the wheels.’
    • ‘They will dominate the landscape and be clearly visible from York.’
    • ‘However, they were also a symbol of civic pride, and were substantial and well-built features of the urban landscape.’
    • ‘The landscapes look appealing, especially those of the lakes and towering trees in the famous forests of Malaysia.’
    • ‘The traditional dichotomy between rural and urban landscapes has become less visible as cities and industrial zones expand and suburbs are created.’
    • ‘Prior to the 1992 initiative, public sculptures were never a striking feature of the urban landscape.’
    • ‘They quickly dominated the urban landscape as they outnumbered Argentine nationals.’
    • ‘For miles, slum settlements and filthy, pot-holed streets dominate the landscape.’
    • ‘And Canada's prostitution laws push women into dark industrial areas of the urban landscape in which they are more likely to be victimised.’
    • ‘Further windows were added at discreet points around the barn, mostly at low level, framing horizontal panoramas of the landscape visible when sitting inside.’
    • ‘In a place like downtown Atlanta, where it is near wall-to-wall concrete, you do not get a sense of the place in terms of the landscape.’
    • ‘European culture and values indelibly shaped the urban and rural landscapes, particularly in terms of the use of space, and the structure and practice of government.’
    • ‘For example, city walls would remain a constant feature of the urban landscape throughout the early Middle Ages.’
    • ‘Vehicles churned up billowing clouds of dust as they drove through a barren landscape of cracked land dotted with green clumps of grass.’
    • ‘Water is one of three dominating features of the landscape here - the other two being hills and forests.’
    • ‘Some renewable power can be generated in urban landscapes and on land used for other purposes, such as the roofs of houses, but the bulk will have to be in rural areas.’
    scenery, countryside, topography, country, land, terrain, environment
    outlook, view, prospect, aspect, vista, panorama, perspective, sweep
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A picture representing an area of countryside:
      ‘the collection includes some 17th-century landscapes’
      [as modifier] ‘a landscape painter’
      • ‘Parisian street scenes, impressionistic landscapes, Rembrandt and Andy Warhol are popular on the islands these days.’
      • ‘This style is evident in her surreal, moody landscapes and still lifes, which the artist describes as balanced and serene.’
      • ‘Best known for his important landscapes and portraits, Gainsborough depicted a diverse range of subjects, from powerful individuals to the rural poor.’
      • ‘A concise yet comprehensive biography of the artist depicts the moments of inspiration that have led him to paint landscapes and scenes of country life.’
      • ‘An influential painter of nudes, landscapes and still liras, Uglow studied at the Slade School and began to show with the London Group in 1951.’
      • ‘Exploring on his own, Kox discovered the surrealist work of Salvador Dali and began painting portraits, landscapes, and surrealistic dreamscapes.’
      • ‘These new images - whether they are landscapes, cityscapes, still lifes or flowers - do not trumpet their semantic referentiality.’
      • ‘The show includes landscapes and portraits, red chalk and lead pencil, as well as drawings and sketches.’
      • ‘Portraits, landscapes, sketches and line drawings created during 2002 will be included.’
      • ‘There is also a large selection of styles - from landscapes and still lifes to abstract expressionism and surrealist art.’
      • ‘The surrounding space was entirely filled in with smaller pictures, mainly landscapes and genre scenes.’
      • ‘Shlosberg's oil paintings are interwoven with Russian folklore in both large and small-scale surreal landscapes and cityscapes.’
      • ‘His other subjects included nudes, landscapes, portraits, and opulent flower pieces.’
      • ‘Charleton is an oil painter whose subject matter includes landscapes, aviation art, seascapes, still lifes, marine art and portraits.’
      • ‘One of the few specialists and most accomplished painters in nocturnal landscapes was Aert van der Neer, who will be represented in the show with works loaned from London, Madrid and Paris.’
      • ‘His early landscapes, portraits and still lifes evolved into hard-edge abstraction before he found his signature style in 1971.’
      • ‘He broadened the art collection with a thousand works that ranged from 19 th-century American landscapes to paintings by Fauvists, cubists and practitioners of Pop Art.’
      • ‘The body of work includes portraits, landscapes and genre paintings that exemplify the various periods of Russian Realist art.’
      • ‘An intriguing mix of old and new, the exhibition structure is three-fold: portraits, landscapes and a photographic narrative on the effects of asbestos mining.’
      • ‘These include portraits, landscapes, pastoral scenes and prints.’
    2. 1.2[mass noun] The genre of landscape painting:
      ‘he found he could not express himself in landscape’
      • ‘History paintings come first, followed by other types of figural art, landscape, and last of all, still life.’
      • ‘Greatly influenced by the Dutch style, and the Romantic concept of landscape, Crome, together with Cotman, is considered the major artist of the Norwich School.’
      • ‘His goal was to create new categories, to use the vocabulary of landscape and genre paintings for the most consecrated art.’
      • ‘In addition, his opinions were aired in several BBC radio broadcasts on art and landscape in the 1950s.’
      • ‘Viewers fascinated by his activity in the genres of figure and landscape often ignore the parallel journey of discovery he has made, compelled by the impulse to experiment.’
      • ‘They have created a new and uniquely truthful art of landscape.’
      • ‘These characteristics maintain their profile even when the experience of landscape in Cozza's art has been overlaid with other ingredients.’
      • ‘Friis-Hansen considers the work of contemporary photographers in sections on landscape, society, and the individual.’
      • ‘However, Paul Nagano's playful yet profound approach to nature and landscape is expressed vividly in every stroke of his watercolor paintings.’
      • ‘They also painted altarpieces and easel paintings for collectors, and developed genres such as landscape.’
      • ‘He also sought to encourage a local art based in regional landscape and paintings from Hamburg as a means to educate the middle class.’
      • ‘Their paintings sought to elevate landscape to the level of history painting, which was then considered the noblest form of visual expression.’
      • ‘In her installation last season at MAM, Teresita Fernandez continued her minimalist reveries on the art and idea of landscape.’
      • ‘The works in this exhibition demonstrate that unlike other genres such as landscape or still life paintings, the creation of a portrait was a collaboration.’
      • ‘In 1815 the strengths of British painting lay in portraiture, animal painting, and landscape.’
      • ‘Photography and Place, is a typical theme for a restricted as well as dominant genre in photography, landscape.’
      • ‘For the most part, the artists he championed after World War I concentrated on landscape and still life.’
      • ‘Over the past two decades, Gina Werfel has developed a way of painting that tantalizingly walks the line between landscape and abstraction.’
      • ‘The forms and colours in her paintings are those of landscape, but she does not paint definable places.’
    3. 1.3 The distinctive features of a sphere of activity:
      ‘the event transformed the political landscape’
      • ‘A welter of poems, plays, epics and narrative poetry came into existence all at once, altering the landscape of literary activity in Bengal forever.’
      • ‘He secured votes all over the area and, in the process, helped to transform the political landscape of the region.’
      • ‘And might the answer to that question not tell us something about the tectonic shifts underway in our political landscape?’
      • ‘The political and corporate landscapes and business dynamics have changed.’
      • ‘Every kind of communication adds up, and web activism is a new force in the political landscape.’
      • ‘April's general election transformed the political landscape in Northern Ireland.’
      • ‘The lawyer-turned-politician is, and has been, a prominent feature of our political landscape for well over a century.’
      • ‘Such a carefully targeted media strategy wouldn't work in the same way here in the UK in because talk radio doesn't feature in the media landscape in the same way as it does in the US.’
      • ‘The book is a sustained meditation and examination of the backlash phenomenon as it has transformed the political landscape of Frank's home state of Kansas.’
      • ‘Junket activism is not a new phenomenon on the political landscape, much literature and art is actively devoted to the promotion of exotic India.’
      • ‘And although they embrace new technology, they often seem complacent about political issues and have not transformed our political landscape.’
      • ‘Mark my words, this unwelcome tactic might just become a feature of our political landscape.’
      • ‘This really is an historic moment, a time when we transform the landscape of media and communications.’
      • ‘Anti-American protests have been a feature of the political landscape for about 20 years here.’
      • ‘And the risk is that a flood of post-election lawsuits will become a permanent feature of the political landscape.’
      • ‘In 1892 a man was elected to parliament who transformed the political landscape.’
      • ‘In order to get some clarity here, you have to turn the clock back a bit and look across a broad landscape of activities.’
      • ‘But he hasn't yet made the sort of lasting impact with the public that would transform the political landscape to his advantage.’
      • ‘A ‘unity ticket’ would have likely swept him into office - and transformed the political landscape as we know it.’
      • ‘It would be foolish to expect democracy to sweep across the Middle East, transforming the political landscape in a matter of years.’
  • 2[usually as modifier] Denoting a format of printed matter which is wider than it is high:

    ‘landscape format’
    Compare with portrait
    • ‘The artist chose the book's landscape format, which is reminiscent of old volumes recounting geographical explorations.’
    • ‘Try printing in landscape mode (found in printer preferences under the Print menu).’
    • ‘Most screens still come in portrait (taller than they are wide) format, but you can also get landscape format machines if these suit your needs better.’
    • ‘Most screens come in portrait (taller than they are wide) format, but you can get a landscape format machine if it suits your needs better.’
    • ‘This hardbound book is a first-class publication presented in landscape format.’
    • ‘Anyway, one of the assessors questioned whether the piece belonged appropriately in a landscape folio.’
    • ‘Switch it on and the screen not only reveals itself to be a very slick 640 x 480, 16-bit colour job but one that operates in landscape mode.’
    • ‘Entrants should be portrait and not landscape size.’
    • ‘Some times you can get a better effect by this method, rather than sticking all the time to the landscape format for landscapes!’
    • ‘The unusual part is that it is printed in landscape layout.’
    • ‘A further three are due to be added before Christmas and all come complete with colour screens capable of displaying content in both portrait and landscape format.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • Make (a garden or other area of ground) more attractive by altering the existing design, adding ornamental features, and planting trees and shrubs:

    ‘the site has been tastefully landscaped’
    ‘landscaped gardens’
    • ‘Each house has first floor balconies and rear patio areas and the entire site is fully landscaped.’
    • ‘It also recommends that the service improves its plans for landscaping the site.’
    • ‘The back garden has been landscaped and has two patio areas, plenty of shrubs and a shed.’
    • ‘They have gardens to the front, and small landscaped areas at the back with spaces for wheelie bins.’
    • ‘Newly landscaped areas are admired, as was the sculpture on the fairgreen near the handball alley.’
    • ‘The lawned rear garden has been landscaped and has a gravelled barbecue area and shed.’
    • ‘The walled front garden is landscaped with a selection of shrubs and railway sleepers.’
    • ‘The filled-in areas will then be landscaped with topsoil and then grass seeded.’
    • ‘A lovely water feature and landscaped grounds must make this a very pleasant place to work.’
    • ‘All sites are well landscaped and will be sold fully lawned and planted with trees and shrubs.’
    • ‘The gardens are fenced, planted in lawn and landscaped with shrubs and trees.’
    • ‘The gardens are fully landscaped and each house features a paved patio to the rear with privacy fencing.’
    • ‘The whole area's been landscaped now, there's a square there now, a park and a fountain.’
    • ‘The garden area was beautifully presented as was the small landscaped area opposite the school.’
    • ‘The house and landscaped gardens are set amongst 800 acres of orchard, fields and woodland.’
    • ‘The site is landscaped and encircled with stone paths and plants in keeping with the natural habitat.’
    • ‘The secluded gardens are landscaped and boast a number of colourful trees and shrubs.’
    • ‘Currently contractors are landscaping the site creating a leisure area primarily for walking.’
    • ‘Today there are landscaped terraced gardens extending to an acre with flowering shrubs and trees.’
    • ‘This is a beautifully landscaped area surrounded by mature trees and plenty of space for parking.’

Origin

Late 16th century (denoting a picture of scenery): from Middle Dutch lantscap, from land land + scap (equivalent of -ship).

Pronunciation:

landscape

/ˈlan(d)skeɪp/