Definition of lander in English:



  • A spacecraft designed to land on the surface of a planet or moon.

    ‘a lunar lander’
    Compare with orbiter
    • ‘Without atomic clocks, GPS navigation would be impossible, the Internet would not synchronize, and the position of the planets would not be known with enough accuracy for space probes and landers to be launched and monitored.’
    • ‘Each satellite would carry a shortrange UHF transceiver to communicate with landers and orbiters near Mars and a longrange radio to relay information back to Earth.’
    • ‘This set includes toy models of Sojourner, the Pathfinder spacecraft, and a lander.’
    • ‘The Surveyor lunar landers followed in the late 1960s, which dramatically helped in the site selection for the Apollo landings.’
    • ‘Genesis is the first mission to return samples from space to Earth since the Apollo astronauts and Soviet robotic landers brought home hundreds of pounds of Lunar rocks in the 1970s.’
    • ‘Rosetta will reach the comet in 2014, enter into orbit and deliver a lander, Philae, onto the surface.’
    • ‘This capability will serve both to relay detailed findings of the instruments on the orbiter and enable data relay from other landers on the Martian surface to Earth.’
    • ‘The command ship accommodated three astronauts and the lunar lander only two.’
    • ‘They may involve several independent elements, such as orbiters, sub-satellites, landers, rovers, penetrators, airborne robots, planetary ascent vehicles or re-entry vehicles.’
    • ‘Having no proven track record with Mars spacecraft themselves, let alone Mars landers, ESA asked the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to evaluate Beagle 2.’
    • ‘Moreover, while China has discussed developing a rudimentary space station, there is no evidence of the development of spacecraft, like landers, needed for lunar missions.’
    • ‘There are no blast craters under the lunar landers.’
    • ‘This smart software can be used on all kinds of spacecraft, including orbiters, landers and rovers.’
    • ‘While the Viking orbiters were revealing mysteries from high above, two landers sent to the surface by the spacecraft set about chronicling the surface conditions in detail for the first time.’
    • ‘Twenty seconds later, it will jettison the bottom half of its aeroshell, exposing the lander.’
    • ‘Rosetta is the first probe ever designed to enter orbit around a comet's nucleus and release a lander onto its surface.’
    • ‘It comprised of three different modules, and was similar in design to previous Moon landers.’
    • ‘A mission involving three gliders would explore the composition and stratigraphy of the walls of Valles Marineris in ways not possible for orbiters and landers.’
    • ‘The Lunar module itself, carrying four astronauts, will settle on the surface of the Moon much like the old Apollo landers.’
    • ‘A U.S. contribution to the French-led NetLander mission will add unique capabilities to each of the four landers and the orbiter which comprise the mission.’