Main definitions of lake in English

: lake1lake2

lake1

noun

  • 1A large area of water surrounded by land:

    ‘boys were swimming in the lake’
    [in names] ‘Lake Victoria’
    • ‘The following day, I got up early to fish the carp lake.’
    • ‘Ospreys live near rivers, estuaries, salt marshes, lakes, reservoirs, and other large bodies of water.’
    • ‘The lake sturgeon does not appear to present any negative attributes concerning the environment or humans.’
    • ‘As April arrived the lake water level rose by a couple of feet after a sustained period of rain.’
    • ‘Logging enterprises have destroyed traditional maple sugar camps, and fish caught in freshwater lakes are contaminated with mercury.’
    • ‘The inland lake is filled with seawater each day, and stocked with marine fish.’
    • ‘The section around Lake Baikal, the largest freshwater lake in the world, had not been built.’
    • ‘They set up camp at Rwanda's main airport, surrounded by rolling hills and turquoise mountain lakes.’
    • ‘The circumstances under which the fish reached the crater lakes have been a subject of speculation for many years.’
    • ‘A lone tree sat dejectedly atop a small hill, overlooking a small lake that reflected the clouded sky above.’
    • ‘The project would involve creating a huge artificial lake and sifting out the mineral.’
    • ‘The surrounding area has a man-made lake, surrounded by huge boathouses and houses.’
    • ‘Instead, the most recommended fish are salmon, common mackerel and lake trout.’
    • ‘Through the trees however, the sparkle of a large, man-made lake was visible.’
    • ‘I mean, they live basically off the fishing from the world's second largest freshwater lake.’
    • ‘The nearby crater lake, Pavin, is visited by over 200,000 people each year.’
    • ‘Sunday afternoon found us trying out, with some success, the small trout lake situated just behind the bungalow.’
    • ‘The rocks are glacial lake beds of dark gray silt, clay, and peat.’
    • ‘Crocodiles and flamingoes can often be seen in and around the shallow lakes and pools on the islands.’
    • ‘There are no federal environmental or health standards for arsenic or copper in lake sediments.’
    pond, pool, tarn, reservoir, lagoon, waterhole, inland sea, swim
    loch, lochan
    lough
    bayou
    moana
    sagar
    mere
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 The Lake District.
      • ‘So if you're looking for a house in the Lakes to celebrate a 30th, 40th, 50th, 60th or even 70th birthday Boston House is the ideal choice.’
      • ‘I am looking at house in the Lakes of Country Place.’
    2. 1.2 A pool of liquid:
      ‘the fish was served in a lake of spicy sauce’
      • ‘A poached pear dessert on a delicious fluff of ricotta and mascarpone cheeses runs afoul in a lake of bullying raspberry sauce.’
      • ‘It includes some 300 oil lakes that still, more than a decade later, lie on the land, the result of the Iraqis having set fire to some 700 oil wells in Kuwait.’
      • ‘Some researchers suspect that lakes of liquid ethane, or even a moon-girdling ocean of ethane, methane, and propane, may exist on Titan.’
      • ‘After all, the subterranean lakes of oil beneath Iraq contain thousands of millions of barrels so there is plenty for everybody.’
      • ‘The prospect of China's consuming ever growing lakes of oil has been noted over the years, although it is gaining new urgency as Chinese consumption continues to soar.’
      • ‘In particular, there is no conclusive evidence yet to either confirm or deny the presence of the putative lakes of liquid ethane on Titan's surface.’
      • ‘Finally, the mega-slums of Asia, Africa and Latin America are like so many lakes of petrol awaiting the spark of H5N1.’
      • ‘Pictures and spectral data taken on the way down show a terrain made of ice ridges and hills, cut through by drainage channels, rivers and lakes of liquid methane.’
      • ‘Set slid to the ground without a sound, blood pooling around him and forming a shallow lake of red liquid.’
      • ‘No one knows if liquid chemical lakes exist on the surface of Titan.’
      • ‘A dark patch on the surface of Titan, moon of Saturn, might be a lake filled with liquid hydrocarbons, astronomers have said.’
      • ‘Can you imagine being chased across a lake of petrol by a grinning madman with a cigarette lighter?’
      • ‘Outside the concrete and brick building, people gingerly walked around small lakes of blood that pooled on the street.’
    3. 1.3[with modifier] A large surplus of a liquid commodity:
      ‘the EU wine lake’
      • ‘On the Continent the removal of the grain mountains and wine lakes is taken as meaning the system is working.’
      • ‘The grape spirit market was in decline, too, so the EC wine lake was overflowing.’
      • ‘With its directives on the correct shape of fruit, production quotas, wine lakes and butter mountains the EU is baffling at the best of times.’
      • ‘The European Union authorities have been keen to promote its use in place of sugar as a way of helping reduce the European wine lake.’
      • ‘The system led to vast overproduction and the creation of so-called butter mountains and wine lakes.’
      • ‘Critics say it has resulted in the grotesque and immoral destruction of produce - those wine lakes and butter mountains - to keep prices artificially high.’
      • ‘I must visit the picturesque European wine lake region some time.’
      • ‘The story is all the more remarkable when you take into account the size of Europe's wine lake and the stiff competition in today's crushingly crowded fine wine market.’

Origin

Late Old English (denoting a pond or pool), from Old French lac, from Latin lacus basin, pool, lake.

Pronunciation:

lake

/leɪk/

Main definitions of lake in English

: lake1lake2

lake2

noun

  • 1[mass noun], [often with modifier] An insoluble pigment made by combining a soluble organic dye and an insoluble mordant.

    • ‘The inclusion of azurite blue and lake glazes indicates that this was a sophisticated and expensive colour scheme.’
    • ‘Burnt umber, terre verte, red ochre, red lake and burnt sienna were identified in several places.’
    • ‘This mordant reacts with the dye alizarin to form a red lake, exactly as it does in a test tube in the typical analytical test for aluminum.’
    1. 1.1 A purplish-red pigment made in the same way as lake, originally one obtained from lac.
      • ‘Then she picked up a handful of lake and gave it to me.’

Origin

Early 17th century: variant of lac.

Pronunciation:

lake

/leɪk/