One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A peasant in Russia wealthy enough to own a farm and hire labour. Emerging after the emancipation of serfs in the 19th century the kulaks resisted Stalin's forced collectivization, but millions were arrested, exiled, or killed.
bumpkin, country bumpkin, country cousin, rustic, countryman, countrywoman, country dweller, daughter of the soil, son of the soil, peasant, provincial, oaf, lout, boor, barbarianView synonyms
- ‘The killing of the kulaks was the practical application of Marxist epistemology.’
- ‘Fearing they would be labeled kulaks, people also fled their homes and villages.’
- ‘I remember the despair of educated land owners who had become dispossessed kulaks.’
- ‘Many in the party were now convinced that kulaks were holding the country to ransom.’
- ‘The Soviets dealt with their kulaks before establishing hegemony over Eastern Europe.’
Russian, literally ‘fist, tight-fisted person’, from Turkic ḳol ‘hand’.
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