Definition of Kongo in English:



  • 1A member of an indigenous people inhabiting the region of the River Congo in west central Africa.

    • ‘In 1910 Petelo Boka, a catechist in the Redemptorist missionary station at Vungu, wrote down a series of historical and ethnographic notes about the Kongo.’
    • ‘According to later Portuguese estimates, 100,000 Kongo, 190 musket-bearing mulattos, and 29 Portuguese answered his call.’
    • ‘Battles for succession harrowed the Kongo; eight kings ruled in the period between 1614 and 1641.’
    • ‘Fighting between the tribes weakened them as a group, including the Kongo.’
    • ‘In 1703, at the age of twenty-two, Beatrice sought to restore the grandeur of the Kongo.’
    • ‘The white man being carried in a litter, carved by a Kongo, dates to the first years of the twentieth century, as does a clay figure of a Belgian priest, modeled by a Tabwa and discovered by Roberts in a photograph.’
    • ‘In 1782, King Jose I, recently having defeated his rivals in battle, had someone in his court create a document of Kongo history, the earliest document on Kongo's past written by a Kongo.’
  • 2[mass noun] Kikongo, the Bantu language of the Kongo.

    • ‘Portuguese is the official language, although 95 percent of Angolans speak Ovimbundu, Mbundu, Kongo, Chokwe, and other languages.’
    • ‘The Congo area is thought to have been uninhabited before the 15th century when Pygmies moved into the area from the north and Kongo people from the east.’
    • ‘The cadaver or spirit of a deceased person is called ‘zumbi’ in the Bonda language, ‘ndzumbi’ in Gabon, and ‘nzambi’ in Kongo.’


  • Relating to the Kongo or their language.

    • ‘For three years, crocodiles feasted on the hundreds of dead and dying who were cast into the surrounding waters, and the Kongo king sent one SOS after another to his royal brother in Portugal.’
    • ‘Thus during the colonial era a northern Baptist network came into existence that consisted mainly of Kongo traders with strong ties to French-speaking Zaire.’
    • ‘According to the Kongo conception of human experience, the cross is at once a metaphor for the cosmos and a diagram of the trajectory of a human life as it traverses the realms of the living and the ancestors.’
    • ‘Yes, I initiated the Odantalan project, which has at the core of the creative process the ancient writing systems from the Kongo civilisation.’
    • ‘Descriptions of the Kongo government during this period make it clear that the program was largely successful.’
    • ‘She found that some sculptural details confirm these associations, though others show associations with the Western Kongo peoples.’
    • ‘The Portuguese discoverers reached the mouth of the Congo River in 1482 and began trading with the Kongo kingdom.’
    • ‘One Kongo noble told a 17 th-century chronicler that the original inhabitants of his region were small men with big heads, fat bellies, and short legs.’
    • ‘As such, the name of the religion reflects the reputation of people of Kongo descent in Cuba; they are rural, strong, and strong willed.’
    • ‘The Bakongo are a blend of peoples who assimilated the Kongo culture and language over time.’
    • ‘Called Bundu dia Kongo, the movement provided Muanda with ample opportunities to devise and propagate his own visions of the Kongo past.’
    • ‘The basic text on Kongo musical instruments is Bertil Soderberg's thesis, which is based on an exhaustive search of the literature of the day, a good deal of museum research, and his field experience as a missionary.’
    • ‘These interpretations are derived not entirely from the piece itself but also from traditional ritual practice and the relationship between authority and death in Kongo thought.’
    • ‘The Kongo king's power derived from being the apex of the trading system.’
    • ‘The primary emblem of this movement was Saint Anthony of Padua, a Portuguese-born saint associated with the protection of children and mothers and conceived as the source of Kongo salvation.’
    • ‘From this point Kongo sovereignty was slowly undermined by demands of the Portuguese residents for labor, leading to a major revolt led by Tulante Andre Buta in 1913-14.’
    • ‘You can understand the American experience or the Afro-American experience in Kongo terms as well as in terms of Calvinism and Protestantism and Roman Catholicism and Western humanism.’
    • ‘The Kongo kings embraced elements of Catholicism to give their role a stronger ideological basis; they struggled to secure their succession along Portuguese lines.’
    • ‘He presents evidence through Kongo and Lunda case studies that have been subject to frequent revision in response to political developments and contemporary needs.’
    • ‘Through what channels and in what company these Kongo elements arrived on American shores is a welcome question for later speculation, and Dr. Bettelheim has boldly taken up the gauntlet.’


The name in Kikongo.