Definition of kolkhoz in English:

kolkhoz

Pronunciation /kʌlkˈhɔːz//ˈkɒlkɒz/

noun

  • A collective farm in the former Soviet Union.

    • ‘Growing up on a kolkhoz, he had been doing a man's work since the age of twelve.’
    • ‘In the aftermath of collectivization and grain requisitioning, the Communist Party was suspicious of ‘hostile’ peasants and ‘backward’ women who led uprisings against kolkhozy.’
    • ‘Together they worked on a kolkhoz.’
    • ‘The relatively large scale of the kolkhozy was also consistent with Marxist beliefs in the existence of economies of scale in agriculture and in the desirability of mechanization.’
    • ‘Ivan Denisovich's thoughts lie in his hometown of Temnenovo, where he learns from his wife's letters that the men of the village are abandoning the kolkhoz, or collective farms.’

Origin

1920s: Russian, from kol(lektivnoe) khoz(yaĭstvo) ‘collective farm’.

Pronunciation

kolkhoz

/kʌlkˈhɔːz//ˈkɒlkɒz/