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1[mass noun] The common language of the Greeks from the close of the classical period to the Byzantine era.
- ‘Where are you getting the character guide for transliteration of koine?’
- ‘Church services are conducted in koine, a later form of ancient Greek in which the New Testament is written.’
- ‘What is the significance of a set of terms appropriated into English from a Latin-speaking Church hierarchy, describing events written down in koine by four men, one of whom was actually a native Greek speaker?’
- 1.1[count noun]A common language shared by various peoples; a lingua franca.
- ‘By the early eighteenth century, American varieties of English, extraterritorial immigrant koines, began to emerge in several regions.’
- ‘The international koine bound this group together through visual channels; its lack of cultural affiliation and emphasis on hybrid royal iconography made it the logical expression of a brotherhood of kings.’
- ‘Altogether, the display of such diverse objects within a single gallery might have offered an opportunity to evaluate the artistic koine that has been noted in luxury arts of the eastern Mediterranean.’
Late 19th century: from Greek koinē (dialektos) common (language).
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