Definition of kingdom in English:



  • 1A country, state, or territory ruled by a king or queen:

    ‘the Kingdom of the Netherlands’
    • ‘The country became an independent kingdom in 1932 and was proclaimed a republic in 1958, since when it has been run by a series of military strongmen.’
    • ‘The Indonesian initiative on security is a leap for the group of kingdoms, communists, juntas and democracies that has long stood by a principle of non-interference in each other's affairs.’
    • ‘The story of Oedipus begins north of ancient Athens, in the kingdom of Thebes where King Laius and his wife, Jocasta, had a son.’
    • ‘When he was a young, Oliver married Princess Audrey, the granddaughter of a king from a small kingdom that pays tribute to Charlemagne.’
    • ‘Great empires, kingdoms and principalities have come and gone, but the Papacy endures.’
    • ‘But the ruthless rule of the Norman kings meant that the kingdom was less likely to disintegrate than ever.’
    • ‘Her mother was a powerful queen who ruled the kingdom with an iron fist.’
    • ‘When styles of conflict have changed throughout history, kingdoms, empires and nations have been faced with the difficult task of adapting or dying.’
    • ‘In the 1790s, for example, Russia and Prussia partitioned Poland, before that an independent kingdom, between them as part of the maintenance of the balance of power.’
    • ‘These two kingdoms exist among other small kingdoms, republics and protectorates all of which were created when the great Empire collapsed because of catastrophic asteroid impacts on the planet.’
    • ‘Bright lights illuminate a picture of the ancient kingdom's king and queen, and Xinjiang musical instruments hang on the wall.’
    • ‘Amid the ruin of the City of Dreams, Mehmed imbibed a valuable lesson about the twilight of nations, empires and kingdoms.’
    • ‘Unitary states may be created from a number of republics, kingdoms, and principalities, as with Germany and Italy.’
    • ‘Building large states or polities was difficult under those political conditions, but a number of African chiefs founded national kingdoms, including King Shaka of the Zulu.’
    • ‘In the wake of the Napoleonic wars Italy was divided into a patchwork of kingdoms and duchies.’
    • ‘There has been no more remarkable government for a thousand-year-old kingdom since the first councils of the twelve tribes.’
    • ‘The priest announced them to the crowd as the new King and Queen of the kingdom.’
    • ‘Rather, the German state resulted from the union of a collection of principalities and kingdoms under the domination of the strongest, Prussia.’
    • ‘What developed were kingdoms - the king had to constantly move around his land in order to show and prove himself to his subjects.’
    • ‘He was usually an authoritative king; ruling his kingdom justly and fairly.’
    realm, domain, dominion, country, land, nation, state, sovereign state, province, territory
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A realm associated with or regarded as being under the control of a particular person or thing:
      ‘the kingdom of dreams’
      • ‘The numbing effect of this is that we are at risk of becoming, as Manning once said, subjects in the kingdom of nothingness.’
      • ‘She instantly let out of a wow forming a big O with her mouth, like I am not supposed to be able to make friends outside the little kingdom of my employer.’
      • ‘Have we become lost in the dream kingdom we helped to build?’
      • ‘And at no point have I heard that the symphonic tunes of a mellow saxophone are particularly associated with the Mormon kingdom.’
      • ‘But this lady seems to be having no trouble doing both, even as she continues her reign in the glamour kingdom.’
      domain, province, realm, sphere, field of influence, sphere of influence, dominion, area of power, department, territory, field, arena, zone, orbit
      View synonyms
  • 2The spiritual reign or authority of God.

    • ‘The kingdom of God is the sphere in which he reigns - the place where his sovereignty and dominion express themselves.’
    • ‘That said, obviously the kingdom of God is a spiritual kingdom.’
    • ‘In its religious sense, kingdom is ‘the spiritual reign or authority of God.’’
    • ‘The kingdom is the place where God reigns - where his will is done.’
    • ‘Its inward sign is the true spiritual kingdom: the covenantal relationship between God and believers.’
    1. 2.1 The rule of God or Christ in a future age.
      • ‘Until then, let us be content - no, let us rejoice - to labour and toil for the kingdom of Christ.’
      • ‘You see, I think that the ultimate triumph of the Cross, of good over evil, will only be complete in the future kingdom of God.’
      • ‘Our destiny is not to be disembodied souls, but to be reunited with our bodies in the future kingdom of God.’
      • ‘Against all this, Montanism called the Church to tighten the reigns and repent, for the kingdom of God was now finally at hand.’
      • ‘We preach that in Christ and by Christ the kingdom of God has come and the day of salvation has arrived.’
    2. 2.2 Heaven as the abode of God and of the faithful after death.
      • ‘Drawing death's sting, you opened the kingdom of heaven to all who would believe.’
      • ‘From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.’
      • ‘Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but only the one who does the will of my Father in heaven.’
      • ‘Living in one sphere they lean into a second, striving toward the kingdom of heaven that remains hidden behind the threshold of the human struggle.’
      • ‘At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked, ‘Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?’’
  • 3Each of the three traditional divisions (animal, vegetable, and mineral) in which natural objects have conventionally been classified.

    • ‘At the one end, we are reminded what a ghastly thing is Homo sapiens: despoiler of the environment, parasite of the planet, who lords over the animal kingdom with arrogance and cruelty.’
    • ‘This implies that everything shares the same energy, allowing us to treat human diseases with medicines from plant, mineral and animal kingdoms from around the world.’
    • ‘Designers are scouring the animal kingdom for exotic species to turn into bags, shoes and all manner of trendiness.’
    • ‘As for keeping their numbers down, leave it to mother nature, she'll sort out the animal kingdom the natural way.’
    • ‘Until comparatively recently, living organisms were divided into two kingdoms: animal and vegetable, or the Animalia and the Plantae.’
    division, category, classification, grouping, group
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1Biology The highest category in taxonomic classification.
      • ‘In a cursory survey of life it is obvious that a vast number of species spanning most kingdoms and phyla have features that are teleologically designed to deal out disease and/or death.’
      • ‘Such generalities conceal significant taxonomic heterogeneity at the kingdom level.’
      • ‘They have been identified in various biological kingdoms, however, they seem to be rare in plants.’
      • ‘He developed the system whereby every known living creature is assigned to a kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.’
      • ‘On the bright side, if students can get into the vertebrate examples discussed here, maybe some will plumb deeper into other phyla and kingdoms.’


Old English cyningdōm ‘kingship’(see king, -dom).