Definition of king in English:

king

noun

  • 1The male ruler of an independent state, especially one who inherits the position by right of birth.

    as title ‘King Henry VIII’
    • ‘The kings and rulers of this world are not necessarily happy men.’
    • ‘The throne of Egypt, although it passed through the female line in name, in reality passed through the first-born male heir of the king.’
    • ‘They follow leaders - queens or kings, chiefs or emperors.’
    • ‘Daydreams of living like a prince are one thing, but living in a house that has played host to kings, queens, shahs and high-ranking dignitaries is quite another.’
    • ‘That chair had always reminded me of a king's throne, and since my father usually sat in it, I used to like to pretend that he was the king, a position I would one day inherit.’
    • ‘Those whose persona is royal are of course kings or queens, or princes or princesses of principalities.’
    • ‘There was a breakdown of centralized government, with many kings having overlapping reigns.’
    • ‘At this time it was necessary for scientists to obtain patronage from their kings, princes or rulers.’
    • ‘Bahrain is a traditional monarchy in which the king is the chief of state.’
    • ‘At one time, traditional societies greatly recognised people born to their positions as chiefs, kings or emperors.’
    • ‘Only 30% favour having a king or queen who inherits the position for life.’
    • ‘Subsequently, Akbar assimilated cultural patterns from earlier rulers, including sultanate kings and Rajput rulers.’
    • ‘Just before eleven that night Sir Quinn stood before the king, queen, princess and the other members of the court.’
    • ‘They had been introduced to most of the guests at the ball, the counts and countesses, princes and princesses, kings and queens.’
    • ‘Children's stories are full of kings and queens, princesses and princes and that's where they belong - in fairy stories.’
    • ‘A period of consensus and stability followed the accession to the throne of the Tudor king Henry VII in 1495.’
    • ‘The most mystical of shades, purple has been preferred by kings, queens and emperors throughout history.’
    • ‘From campfires of Mughal soldiers to the royal banquet tables of kings and emperors, the kebab has travelled a long way.’
    • ‘A decade later, Carême had become the toast of Napoleonic and Regency Europe and a man whose early death was mourned by emperors, tsars and kings.’
    • ‘Whether forced or voluntary, Roman emperors, kings and queens, hereditary princes and grand dukes and, yes, even popes have abdicated.’
    ruler, sovereign, monarch, supreme ruler, crowned head, majesty, crown, head of state, royal personage, emperor, prince, potentate, overlord, liege lord, lord, leader, chief
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    1. 1.1 A person or thing regarded as the finest or most important in their sphere or group.
      ‘a country where football is king’
      ‘the king of rock’
      • ‘But this guy is the king of football writers, and a good example.’
      • ‘There is a definite Irish feeling to their sound, which draws on the kings of Irish rock and progressive trad, as well as more modern influences.’
      • ‘The redneck king and the quintessential greenie at one.’
      • ‘Titles such as Astral Traveller, Yesterday and Today and Perpetual Change hint at the king of prog rock's spiritual leanings.’
      • ‘But he was as good a husband as the king of rock 'n' roll could be.’
      • ‘Moorefield are the kings of football in the town again after gaining revenge for last year's defeat to Sarsfields on Sunday.’
      • ‘Football is the king at nearly every college campus where it exists.’
      • ‘The reception will be co-hosted by the king of fashion.’
      • ‘On Sunday evening as the mist fell on Hyde Park, delirious supporters gave vent to their emotions as they cheered the new kings of Roscommon football.’
      • ‘Rangers showed great resolve at the end of a long season that contained many disappointments, so it was important that they remained kings of their own patch.’
      • ‘That victory signaled the start of a run in which Miami became the king of college football.’
      • ‘All hail the new kings of American rock 'n' roll.’
      • ‘It is the first time in seven years that the kings of football have been dethroned.’
      • ‘When it comes to sports, Henry says football remains the king of beer promotional opportunities.’
      • ‘The king of rock ‘n’ roll has returned to the top nearly 30 years after he was laid to rest.’
      • ‘You may be too young to remember them but they used to be kings of rock 'n' roll.’
      • ‘Elvis fans have a new shrine to their hero - a remote Scottish hamlet named this week as the ancestral home of the king of rock 'n' roll.’
      • ‘In previous years, teams like Galway and Kerry have lifted the cup prompting the commentators to predict an extended reign as the kings of football.’
      • ‘And no matter how many duff albums they throw at us - three and a half, so far - we'll still genuflect before them, these kings of throwback rock.’
      • ‘They are together the kings of football forever.’
      star, leading light, luminary, superstar, mogul, giant, master, kingpin, celebrity, lion
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2dated (in the UK) the national anthem when there is a male sovereign.
    3. 1.3attributive Used in names of animals and plants that are particularly large, e.g. king cobra.
      • ‘While I was in the lake, little fishes would nibble softly on my toes, beside me slid a beautiful California king snake and a bird swooped down to his prey.’
      • ‘He then films the snakes (mostly gopher and king snakes) as they crawl and feed.’
      • ‘Pregnant women and women thinking of becoming pregnant should avoid eating swordfish, shark, king mackerel and tile fish.’
      • ‘Anglers can find brown trout here, but the Trinity is best known for king salmon and steelhead; king salmon runs peak from May through October.’
      • ‘Recent studies have shown that marine fish such as shark, swordfish, and king mackerel can also contain high levels of mercury.’
  • 2The most important chess piece, of which each player has one, which the opponent has to checkmate in order to win. The king can move in any direction, including diagonally, to any adjacent square that is not attacked by an opponent's piece or pawn.

    • ‘Given that the black king, in chess, is sometimes allowed to move diagonally by one square, it follows that there are chess pieces that are sometimes allowed to move diagonally by one square.’
    • ‘Saaski moved his pawn to the final square and exchanged it for a queen, checkmating the king, who was hemmed in by his own defensive perimeter.’
    • ‘A couple of months later, he proved he was indeed the king of rapid chess when he won the World rapid championship at Cap d' Agde (France).’
    • ‘That is the manoeuvrist approach in its purest form: it may be likened to checkmating an opponent's king in chess.’
    • ‘Yet by touching the king first, the player might be obligated to move the king to another square if he can legally do so.’
    • ‘Sunis's rook and pawn prevented his king from escaping.’
    • ‘He showed me how to move the various kings, queens, and pawns across the exquisite little board.’
    • ‘The holographic representation of his opponent looked smug as it calmly checkmated his king again.’
    • ‘It is a rule of chess that we win the game by checkmating the king.’
    • ‘The object of the game is to checkmate your opponent's king.’
    • ‘White is better developed with both minor pieces in play, centralized rooks and a castled king.’
    • ‘Any human player, however, would have moved the king anyway, because there is the chance that an imperfect opponent might not have seen this mating sequence.’
    • ‘I chose the equal of two evils and moved my king into inevitable checkmate.’
    • ‘As the pawns fall, the bigger pieces must be wondering whether the time has not come for a daring attempt to checkmate the king before their turn comes to be knocked off the board.’
    • ‘Cube was currently sweating with panic and moved his king to the square on its left to avoid check.’
    • ‘The Black pawn could only be stopped from queening by allowing a drawn king and pawn endgame.’
    • ‘The king is behind the pawn as in the earlier examples and this is a draw!’
    • ‘The first king to move must therefore step back from his pawn, leaving him no longer able to protect it (the rules of chess forbid the kings moving within one square of each other).’
    • ‘These pages cover general themes, such as the strength of the king in the endgame, not hurrying, and the principle of two weaknesses.’
    • ‘The king can move in any direction, but only one square at a time.’
    1. 2.1 A piece in draughts with extra capacity for moving, made by crowning an ordinary piece that has reached the opponent's baseline.
      • ‘The men move and take as at draughts, except that in capturing they move either forwards or backwards like a draught king.’
      • ‘This rule, known as flying kings, is not used in English draughts, in which a king's only advantage over a man is the ability to move and capture backwards as well as forwards.’
    2. 2.2 A playing card bearing a representation of a king, normally ranking next below an ace.
      • ‘A king solo is allowed - similar to the queen and jack solos but with the four kings as trumps.’
      • ‘Face cards count for ten except for the king, which counts for zero.’
      • ‘It is clear that cappotto is impossible because South has three trumps to the king.’
      • ‘Some hands can be played more aggressively when an opponent shows a king or ace, meaning they will likely be forced to act first throughout the hand.’
      • ‘This can only be bid by the dealer, and is only allowed if the dealer holds the ace, king and deuce of trumps.’
      • ‘This is often very useful in cases when the declarer plays with short trumps and tries to make the contract with help of aces and kings in side suits.’
      • ‘Cards can turn the corner - for example on an ace you can play a two or a king.’
      • ‘The best possible hand is four aces, two kings, and a low card.’
      • ‘You cannot now beat the king with your ace, because you have already passed.’
      • ‘You place the ace one of your face down cards, the two kings on another and the two jacks on the third.’
      • ‘Now John needed an ace or a king to come up on one of the next two cards.’
      • ‘Similarly, even if you pick up two kings or queens your quatorze is likely to be beaten by a quatorze of Aces.’
      • ‘And if you happen to catch an ace or a king, that's likely to win the pot too.’
      • ‘In the event of two people holding cards of the same value (2 aces, 2 kings, etc.), they both start.’
      • ‘You should generally try to avoid playing aces, kings, queens and jacks except when capturing or building with them.’
      • ‘The meld must have at least two cards of the same natural rank (any rank from four up to ace), such as two nines, three kings, four fives, etc.’
      • ‘Most tricks in game contracts are won by trumps or side suit kings.’
      • ‘Could he have a pair of kings in the hole, or perhaps the case ace?’
      • ‘If there are any kings in the deal then no one is allowed to trade and whoever was dealt the lowest card loses a life.’
      • ‘Most of the things I threw in the circular file, but one thing that caught my attention, was a magnet that looked exactly like the king of hearts playing card.’

verb

  • 1archaic with object Make (someone) king.

    • ‘For history lovers, Richard the Second was dethroned by Bolingbroke, who was kinged Henry The Fourth.’
    • ‘Macbeth was kinged after murdering.’
  • 2king itdated no object Act in an unpleasantly superior and domineering way.

    ‘he'll start kinging it over the lot of us again’
    ‘science kings it over the realm of intellectual discourse’
    • ‘They found Tom kinging it over a realm of meat chunks.’
    • ‘I want to be a writer, to make my living at it, earn a crust doing something I love rather than cooler kinging it through to a clapped out retirement, stomach clenched in anger at every slap of the baseball in the mitt as I was serving my time.’
    • ‘He kinged it in the coffee-house, then the fashionable place at which the wits gathered, as Jonson had in the tavern.’

Phrases

  • live like a king (or queen)

    • Live in great comfort and luxury.

      • ‘He hasn't done a full days work since the 70s but still somehow manages to live like a king.’
      • ‘I have just spent a few months travelling in South America where the cost of living was so low I could live like a king on €100 a day.’
      • ‘It's one thing to go back home, not pay food or utilities or rent, and live like a king on your salary which is 100% discretionary income.’
      • ‘And, while Sam lives like a king in the kennels and is adored by the staff, Mr and Mrs Smith are worried he has become institutionalised.’
      • ‘I had two fabulous days, living like a king, or at least a Tory MP.’
      • ‘Christine, who won the prize after entering her name into the Holiday for Life competition at a Shell service station, could use her AirMiles all at once by living like a queen in New York's posh Waldorf Astoria for a year.’
      • ‘He met his French wife, Paula, during World War II and brought her home to America to live like a queen in the New York suburbs.’
      • ‘The real Roberts has been retired fifteen years and living like a king in Patagonia.’
      • ‘I'd rather live like a queen for a week and then like a pauper for the next three than live modestly for four.’
      • ‘I had a balcony and a king-sized bed and I would be living like a queen for the next few weeks.’

Origin

Old English cyning, cyng, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch koning and German König, also to kin.

Pronunciation

king

/kɪŋ/