Definition of Khazar in English:



  • A member of a Turkic people who occupied a large part of southern Russia from the 6th to the 11th centuries and who converted to Judaism in the 8th century.

    • ‘Another Hebrew source tells us that Judaism was adopted by the Khazars when a Jewish general was made king.’
    • ‘Soon after their father's death, the Khazars invaded their lands.’
    • ‘In his Commentary on Matthew's Gospel, Christian of Stablo shows awareness of the respective conversions of the Bulgars and the Khazars to Christianity and Judaism in the 860s.’
    • ‘As a result of the brothers’ work, some 200 Khazars were converted to Christianity.’
    • ‘Throughout history the peninsula has been colonised by Scythians, Greeks, Romans, Khazars, Genoese and Venetians.’
    • ‘They were Christians, Buddhists, Jews, Manicheans, pagans, nomads, shamanists, and animists as well, and, ethnically speaking, Seljuks, Khazars, Bulgars, Timurids, Mongols, Anatolians and Chinese.’
    • ‘Before the destruction of Khazaria, some Khazars joined the Magyars and migrated to Hungary.’
    • ‘Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Khazars, Huns, Mongols, Seljuks, Arabs, Persians and Ottoman Turks have throughout history partly dominated the Caucasus, adding to its ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity.’
    • ‘In 1976 a book about the Khazars was published by the British writer Arthur Koestler.’
    • ‘The Khazars followed the same guidelines as the Kök Turks regarding the succession of kings.’
    • ‘But even after the final fall of Khazaria in the 11th century, there were many Khazars who remained’
    • ‘While the kingdom and ruling class were officially Jewish, the Khazars did not adopt forced conversion.’
    • ‘This alleged descent from Togarmah seems to belong to the later period, when the Khazars adopted Judaism.’
    • ‘Indeed, Jews from Germany and Russia may be descended from the Khazars who converted to Judaism in about 740AD, and hence not ‘racially’ Semitic at all.’
    • ‘Invasions by the Huns and the Khazars between the 3rd and 9th centuries mixed Ukrainian bloodlines with those from all over Asia.’
    • ‘The conversion of the Khazars to Judaism was preceded by a Disputation amongst members of different religions.’
    • ‘The Hungarian-born Jewish author Arthur Koestler theorised that today's Ashkenazi Jews are really descendants of the Khazars, who allegedly converted en masse in the eighth century in what is today modern Russia.’


  • Relating to the Khazars.

    • ‘Armenian, Slavic, and Hebrew sources also form the core of our knowledge about the Khazar people.’
    • ‘For some mysterious reason the history of the Khazar kingdom is conspicuous by its absence from history courses in the schools and colleges.’
    • ‘Further west and north, the European, mainly Christian empires of the Byzantines, the Carolingians, and the short-lived Bulgarian and Khazar polities seemed petty, almost provincial entities by comparison.’
    • ‘When the Khazar tribe converted to Judaism in 740, their khanate occupied a Eurasian power vacuum between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea.’
    • ‘When Kubrat's state fell apart under the assaults of the Khazar tribes his sons separated and scattered.’
    • ‘They had to go and baptise members of the Khazar tribes.’


Of unknown origin.