Definition of ketone bodies in English:

ketone bodies

plural noun

Biochemistry
  • Three related compounds produced during the metabolism of fats, two of which are used as a source of energy instead of glucose during a period of fasting or very low carbohydrate intake (the third being acetone, which is excreted).

    • ‘In the liver the net result (due to increased acetyl-CoA levels) is the production of ketone bodies.’
    • ‘When the liver is reduced to breaking down fat (in lieu of the usual glucose), it produces ketone bodies, a toxic byproduct.’
    • ‘Laboratory findings reveal high blood sugar and glucose in the urine and as the metabolic derangement worsens, excessive ketone bodies in the blood and urine.’
    • ‘The build up of ketone bodies also has a real negative effect on fertility as it depresses the pulse release of lutenising hormone which is an essential hormone in ensuring that a viable ovarian follicle is produced.’
    • ‘Glucose is the main fuel used by the brain, but research has shown that neonates are able to use ketone bodies, lactate and maybe amino acids for oxidation.’

Pronunciation

ketone bodies