Definition of karyotype in English:

karyotype

noun

Medicine Biology
  • The number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the cell nuclei of an organism or species.

    • ‘The distribution of acrocentric chromosomes among the karyotypes of species in each branch is shown.’
    • ‘This SC karyotype is very similar to karyotypes developed from pachytene chromosome squashes.’
    • ‘After therapy or with disease progression, karyotypes often vary from karyotypes at diagnosis.’
    • ‘In addition to markers from the linkage map, we also probed karyotypes with ribosomal RNA gene sequences and 4 of the 12 ungrouped markers.’
    • ‘This method seems to be applicable, but it is very time consuming and will be subject to difficulties in species with karyotypes that include chromosomes of very different size.’

Pronunciation

karyotype

/ˈkarɪə(ʊ)tʌɪp/