Definition of kanamycin in English:

kanamycin

noun

Medicine
  • [mass noun] A broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from a strain of bacteria.

    • ‘Streptomycin, kanamycin, or amikacin also can be used as the fourth drug, when necessary.’
    • ‘To select for the plasmids (donors or transconjugants), we used kanamycin and chloramphenicol.’
    • ‘Doses of streptomycin, kanamycin, amikacin, and capreomycin must be adjusted in patients with renal failure because the kidneys excrete essentially all of these drugs.’
    • ‘Harvested bacterial colonies containing mutant plasmids were grown in LB medium in the presence of ampicillin and kanamycin to maintain the selective pressure on the mutants.’
    • ‘Amikacin and kanamycin may cause deafness, but they cause less vestibular dysfunction than SM.’

Origin

1950s: from modern Latin Streptomyces kanamyceticus, the name of the source bacterium (see also -mycin).

Pronunciation:

kanamycin

/ˌkanəˈmʌɪsɪn/