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[mass noun] A broad-spectrum antibiotic obtained from a strain of bacteria.
- ‘Streptomycin, kanamycin, or amikacin also can be used as the fourth drug, when necessary.’
- ‘To select for the plasmids (donors or transconjugants), we used kanamycin and chloramphenicol.’
- ‘Doses of streptomycin, kanamycin, amikacin, and capreomycin must be adjusted in patients with renal failure because the kidneys excrete essentially all of these drugs.’
- ‘Harvested bacterial colonies containing mutant plasmids were grown in LB medium in the presence of ampicillin and kanamycin to maintain the selective pressure on the mutants.’
- ‘Amikacin and kanamycin may cause deafness, but they cause less vestibular dysfunction than SM.’
1950s: from modern Latin Streptomyces kanamyceticus, the name of the source bacterium (see also -mycin).
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.