One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1British A knitted garment typically with long sleeves, worn over the upper body.
- ‘Yanking down the sleeves of my jumper until they covered my hands, I turned back to my teacher, droning on about cell structure.’
- ‘The hand that could knit a jumper in two evenings, and thread a needle, could fire a gun.’
- ‘He wears a yellow jumper and green beret that I can recognise from a great distance, even as the light begins to fade.’
- ‘Sams wears organic linen shirts and jumpers Fairley has knitted for him from organic wool.’
- ‘He was wearing jeans and a jumper and polo shirt.’
- ‘All jumpers, cardigans and socks were knitted by hand.’
- ‘The cuffs of her black jumper were pulled over her fists, and she hugged herself as if she were wearing a crocheted strait-jacket.’
- ‘He had a skinny build and wore a dark jumper and jeans.’
- ‘She had a black jumper or cardigan tied round her waist and was carrying a pair of black suede boots, inside which were a yellow t-shirt and a creamy coloured purse.’
- ‘Aunt Christina sat beside him knitting a primrose-coloured jumper for me.’
- ‘My neighbours used to knit jumpers for Amercia.’
- ‘She was wearing a black jumper, body warmer, black trousers and brown boots with a fur lining.’
- ‘It's a jumper (not cardigan), adult size and at least 5 years old.’
- ‘Terri was very skinny, and invariably wore huge, brightly coloured and loosely knitted jumpers which hung on her (rather aptly) like camouflage netting.’
- ‘There was one woman (whose name I forget so I will call her Madge) who was always knitting jumpers.’
- ‘He was wearing blue tracksuit bottoms, a blue jumper and a blue baseball cap.’
- ‘I hoped I wouldn't look underdressed in my jumper and jeans.’
- ‘Out of an estimated total of nine jumpers I've laboriously knitted for myself in my thirty-two years of life, only one was actually wearable.’
- ‘In her spare time, she knitted socks and jumpers.’
- ‘The clothes will fit children aged three to 16 and for the first time, jumpers and sweatshirts should be available in the various colours of York schools.’
2historical A loose outer jacket worn by sailors.
3North American A pinafore dress.
- ‘He combed her chestnut hair - Paula's natural color - and dressed her in a yellow cotton jumper.’
- ‘She dressed in a simple denim jumper and a new straw cowboy hat with red cowboy boots.’
- ‘She wore a tattered denim jumper and a white shirt that matched the spotted peeling wallpaper, and she knew nothing of wealth.’
- ‘The plump and harried mother, dressed in a denim jumper, drives a battered Econo-Van with numerous dents.’
- ‘I am in a red jumper, white blouse and tights and black Mary Janes with a small scuff on the left toe.’
Mid 19th century (in jumper (sense 2 of the noun)): probably from dialect jump ‘short coat’, perhaps from Scots jupe ‘a man's (later also a woman's) loose jacket or tunic’, via Old French from Arabic jubba. Compare with jibba.
1A person or animal that jumps.‘the horse should be a better jumper this season’‘other players in the line-out may only move when the jumper has touched the ball’‘an Olympic jumper’
- ‘Newberry finally succumbed to another big hit, Alex Mason replacing him and leaving BJ Fowler as the line-out jumper.’
- ‘The players who surround the jumpers also play a key role in who wins possession.’
- ‘He has never been a flashy horse or a spectacular jumper but he is efficient and extremely powerful, which is what will be required tomorrow.’
- ‘This horse was unlucky not to win a bumper but he loves this fast ground and he has always been a good jumper.’
- ‘He tells us that the horse is a natural jumper.’
- ‘Is the flea the greatest jumper in the animal world, or a skittering frog one of the hot contenders for the swimming title?’
- ‘Poggio is a better jumper, but his dressage is not as good.’
- ‘Many years ago there lived in a certain village a wealthy farmer who had the best of land and some great race horses and jumpers.’
- ‘At 10,000 feet, only the colorful fabric of their chutes keep jumpers visible against the panoramic landscape.’
- ‘Though it looks like they aren't moving very fast, the jumpers head toward the earth at almost 22 feet per second.’
- ‘But what does it say about a league where players who have not had enough years to develop the basic skill of a jumper are playing key roles in The Finals?’
- ‘Military qualified jumpers holding military free-fall qualifications are also eligible to compete.’
- ‘We got suited up, had some instructions from our jumpers, and headed out to the two propeller plane that takes everyone up.’
- ‘Advanced jumpers use thin, aerodynamic ropes for fast rotation.’
- ‘Victory in that Grade One contest meant his beloved horse became the first jumper in Britain and Ireland to win more than £1m in prize money.’
- ‘Accordingly these two jumpers would be the latest addition to the Olympic athletic pool mostly consisting of runners.’
- ‘Much like jumpers and racehorses, farriers pay a price for doing what they love.’
- ‘The jumpers ' lines became dangerously tangled, anchoring the men back-to-back.’
- ‘One thing is that, against Australia, their lineout jumpers will be much heavier than the Japanese.’
- ‘We now love jumping and he's an amazing jumper, galloping and hacking.’
- 1.1Basketball another term for jump shot
2A short wire used to shorten an electric circuit or close it temporarily.
- ‘I rechecked all the connections and jumpers, memory placement, everything.’
- ‘Connected to two of them are circuit-making jumpers.’
- ‘It is software-configurable with no jumpers, and a 12V control switch is provided for flash memory programming.’
- ‘Any problems with the coaxial cable, connectors, jumpers, or the antenna will show up as an abnormality on the display.’
- ‘I read it wrong and placed the jumper wire in the E and F leads.’
A rope made fast to keep a yard or mast from jumping.
4A heavy chisel-ended iron bar for drilling blast holes.
5A mushroom-shaped brass part in a tap which supports the washer.
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