Definition of judge in English:



  • 1A public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court.

    ‘he is due to appear before a judge and jury on Monday’
    ‘a High Court Judge’
    • ‘The judge asked the public prosecutor to verify the exact status of the offences and adjourned the order till May 29.’
    • ‘A lively discussion began, bringing in the accused, the jury, the judge, even the public gallery.’
    • ‘It has to be applied in a variety of cases, and it is a matter for the judges of the Family Law Court as to whether it applies to a particular case.’
    • ‘Taking away this option will be bad for all involved: court of appeals judges, district court judges, lawyers, and litigants.’
    • ‘He thought of the judge from the law courts, but didn't say anything.’
    • ‘The Law Commission's work on this topic has taken over 20 years and has massive support amongst judges, magistrates, the police and solicitors and barristers.’
    • ‘That was decided by the judge who rejected the appellants' evidence.’
    • ‘So how much weight should judges give to public health statistics?’
    • ‘It is submitted for the Attorney General that the judge was wrong in both respects.’
    • ‘Concurrency had never been in issue before the sentencing judge in the County Court.’
    • ‘The judges made this particular aspect of public policy and the judges are entitled to change it.’
    • ‘There is complicity on the part of police, lawyers, judges, customs officers and even politicians.’
    • ‘Indictable offences are more serious and are tried in the Crown Court before a judge and jury.’
    • ‘On November 24 of this year, judges and public prosecutors went on strike against the planned reforms.’
    • ‘We worked together, with only a short interruption, from the time we were both appointed to be judges of the Court of Appeal.’
    • ‘That would pass over sentencing powers from judges to probation officers, which is the exact opposite of what she said when she began her speech.’
    • ‘This law was put in by the Government of Canada and the appointed judges, not the public.’
    • ‘The judges and officers of the Family Court submit to the orders of this Court.’
    • ‘This is not to say, of course, that there are no examples of racially prejudiced judges, magistrates or probation officers.’
    • ‘That was my experience anyway of Supreme Court judges sitting with juries in New South Wales.’
    justice, magistrate, her honour, his honour, your honour
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    1. 1.1 A person who decides the results of a competition.
      ‘a distinguished panel of judges select the winning design’
      • ‘The dress and design have been given the thumbs up by a panel of judges in the competition and is the only Eastern Cape finalist.’
      • ‘After reviewing scores of nominations, our panel of judges selected two finalists in each of five categories.’
      • ‘For the 2001 National Open Framing Competition, three judges selected these winners from among the eight entries.’
      • ‘A panel of judges selected the best entries for the shortlist from the high streets nominated by tourist boards around the country.’
      • ‘The judges said the impressive competition amongst the short list made it very hard for them to decide.’
      • ‘I will be the judge overseeing this competition, and the best part is that you can play along!’
      • ‘Their ingenious system to save household water and use it to flush the toilet impressed the judges in the competition, which attracted more than 120 entries.’
      • ‘The competition saw the judges rate websites from the US, Turkey, Thailand and Australia for the quality of their art and design.’
      • ‘Each country selects a judge for the panel which visited all the competitors during the summer.’
      • ‘A panel of judges will select six winners from across the country.’
      • ‘Competition judges said they were impressed with the grade one listed building of Celtic origin, which St Patrick is reputed to have visited.’
      • ‘The Association appeals to everyone in the village area to tidy areas in front of dwellings and properties as much as possible for the visit of the competition judges.’
      • ‘The judges for the prestigious competition, now in its eighteenth year, also hailed the family's dairy operation as near perfection as you could ever get.’
      • ‘After the closing date of February 21st a panel of judges will select shortlists for each category, for voting by the general public from 7th April.’
      • ‘The panel of celebrity judges selected the bands which will perform this weekend.’
      • ‘A panel of judges will then select the best displays.’
      • ‘Mr Lewis will head a panel of judges to select the winning entry.’
      • ‘Each short listed candidate will be interviewed and assessed by an esteemed panel of judges who will select the final 28 candidates.’
      • ‘London United, the Fulwell-based bus company, is just the ticket for passengers, decided the judges in a prestigious competition.’
      • ‘An outside panel of judges then will select 10 finalists as gold medalists.’
      adjudicator, arbiter, assessor, evaluator, appraiser, examiner, moderator
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    2. 1.2 A person able or qualified to give an opinion on something.
      ‘she was a good judge of character’
      • ‘He had a great attachment to the soil and was a good judge of stock.’
      • ‘Clearly she is an experienced politician and probably a good judge of these matters.’
      • ‘Is she therefore a good judge of character and ability?’
      • ‘You're a good judge of character, so hang back and observe the players before committing to a course of action.’
      • ‘He seemed like a really nice guy, but then again that didn't necessarily mean he was a good judge of character.’
      • ‘He begins his new role with, seemingly, the priceless advantage of being a good judge of a player.’
      • ‘He was well known at cattle marts and was considered a good judge of cattle.’
      • ‘You're a good judge of character and appreciate honesty, but don't encounter it very often.’
      • ‘A scratch golfer who mixes freely with professionals in that game, McGwire is a good judge of what he sees and hears around the circuit.’
      • ‘He said he was not a good judge of how attractive the building is but thought it should be preserved for historical reasons.’
      • ‘Although he has interviewed so many world figures, when asked if he is a good judge of character he says he's not as good as Carina.’
      • ‘He had always been a good judge of character, and was always big on first impressions.’
      • ‘Jimmy was an able judge of stock and could measure up an animal in quick time.’
      • ‘He was an able judge of stock and had friends all over the region.’
      • ‘He's got a great sense of humor, and I think he's quite a good judge of people.’
      • ‘She had always thought she was a good judge of character, and now she was finding out that maybe she wasn't.’
      • ‘He has moulded a solid, if unspectacular side and his signings have shown him to be a good judge of player.’
      • ‘A hard working man, he had a fine knowledge of the land and was a good judge of livestock.’
      • ‘I admitted, ‘But I'd like to think of myself as a good judge of character.’’
      • ‘He likes to watch racing on TV and is a good judge of form.’
      adjudicator, arbiter, assessor, evaluator, appraiser, examiner, moderator
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  • 2A leader having temporary authority in ancient Israel in the period between Joshua and the kings.

    See also Judges
    • ‘Deborah was the only woman to be a judge of Israel, a position equal to that of a king.’
    • ‘After him, the period of the judges began, the judges made sure that the Jews were acting properly.’


[with object]
  • 1Form an opinion or conclusion about.

    ‘a production can be judged according to the canons of aesthetic criticism’
    with clause ‘it is hard to judge whether such opposition is justified’
    no object ‘judging from his letters home, Monty was in good spirits’
    • ‘People had judged her as a mistress in the stereotypical way.’
    • ‘Why is it that people in this state are so quick to judge someone strictly on their accent?’
    • ‘It was hard to tell, judging from her vacant stare totally fixed on the old man in front of them.’
    • ‘He wrote a poem about how people judged him on his tattooed appearance.’
    • ‘You have to judge the situation to determine which course of action to take.’
    • ‘He knows that, judging from opinion poll research, concentrating on Europe as an issue is normally the route to defeat.’
    • ‘And judging from the crowds gathered around the trophy and the queues looping around the Brunel Plaza, the tour looks to be on target for success.’
    • ‘But judging from their past performance, I wouldn't put too much faith in their judgement.’
    • ‘The majority of America must then be liberals, judging from recent public opinion polls.’
    • ‘Japan's manufacturing seems to be making a comeback of sorts, judging from orders for production lasers.’
    • ‘I suspect, judging from the euphoria in the auditorium, that it will last longer.’
    • ‘Both were crimson in color, and I supposed I was too judging from the burning in my face.’
    • ‘He fears that people are judging him based on the page (next to the page) of the paper he is reading.’
    • ‘But to complain that people are judging you by your behaviour on stage and in interview is a little weak, Ryan.’
    • ‘As soon as I walked through the door people were judging me.’
    • ‘If you put some effort into your clothes, some people may judge you to be frivolous, while others will treat you with greater respect.’
    • ‘All to often people judge you by their standards.’
    • ‘My name wasn't anywhere, people weren't judging me.’
    • ‘It sounds like hard work - it is hard work - but judging from the volunteer diaries on the website, it is very rewarding.’
    • ‘It upsets me that people who don't know him personally can judge him.’
    form the opinion, come to the conclusion, conclude, decide, determine
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    1. 1.1 Decide (a case) in a law court.
      ‘other cases were judged by tribunal’
      • ‘The judge is bound to endeavor to judge each case on the basis of the codified law.’
      • ‘It alone has the discretion to judge a case on its merit.’
      • ‘However, the FSCS takes a more stringent view and must judge cases on strictly legal liability.’
      • ‘But what happened to the idea of judging a case based on, well, the facts of the case?’
      • ‘We expect judges to place their personal and political feelings aside when they judge a case.’
      • ‘The People's Court must be supported to judge these cases fairly.’
      • ‘It is important that all cases are judged on the individual circumstances.’
      • ‘What we have here in Aruba are professional judges, and it will be a single judge who in the first instance will judge the case.’
      • ‘When judging legal cases, British courts have a long tradition of formalism.’
      • ‘The jury has been warned to judge the case only on the evidence heard in court, and not on any of the surrounding publicity.’
      • ‘And if they can swear under oath that they can judge the case fairly, then they deserve to have the first bite at judging this case.’
      • ‘They make their own laws and judge their own cases.’
      • ‘We must restore a system of justice, which judges the case on the basis of the facts and the merits of the individual case.’
      • ‘He judges cases although he knows nothing of the people, their culture, or their customs.’
      • ‘He wondered if this disqualified him from judging the case.’
      • ‘Maybe we ought to trust them more than we do to judge the case that was presented in court.’
      • ‘The reality is that each case has to be judged in relation to all the circumstances which are relevant to it.’
      • ‘Does he feel there would be fewer drunk driving convictions if these cases were judged by juries as opposed to a judge?’
      • ‘At these meetings, cases were judged and punishments imposed by a council of important men who were changed from time to time.’
      • ‘His case will be heard by a three-member disciplinary commission, which will judge the case and assess the penalty.’
      try, hear, sit in judgement on
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    2. 1.2with object and complement Give a verdict on (someone) in a law court.
      ‘she was judged innocent of murder’
      adjudge, pronounce, decree, rule, find
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    3. 1.3 Decide the results of (a competition)
      ‘she was there to judge the contest’
      • ‘A champagne house asked me to judge a competition recently.’
      • ‘Members of the Panel of Chefs of Ireland will judge the competition.’
      • ‘I'd say it's the best thing on TV now, but I don't watch enough TV to judge the competition.’
      • ‘The kids joined in the auction school, and male vocalist of the year Adam Harvey spent hours judging the ute competition.’
      • ‘Students write a poem about a fairer future for Africa and enter them into a competition judged by Children's Laureate Jacqueline Wilson.’
      • ‘I'd be especially interested in comments from those who have judged competitions over the years.’
      • ‘We won that a few years ago and we go around now judging competitions.’
      • ‘He related an incident that occurred when he had previously judged the same competition.’
      • ‘Critics are frequently invited to review or judge the competition, which culminates in Edinburgh after nationwide heats.’
      • ‘Sir Titus Salt kept a watchful eye over a panel of beer tasters judging a competition to recreate a brew in his honour yesterday.’
      • ‘A number of internal competitions were judged by members of photography clubs from Kilkenny and Mullingar.’
      • ‘The functional digital car competition is judged on effective use of virtual prototyping tools.’
      • ‘Last year he was to be found judging a pole-dancing competition at a night club in Ealing.’
      • ‘He has also had the honour of being asked to judge numerous competitions at regional and national levels.’
      • ‘Barbara Carlson, the chairman of the governors, judged the competition.’
      • ‘I'm sorry, but your mother and I have to go to Tokyo to judge the country competition.’
      • ‘Roy Mortimer who judged the gardening competition will talk about the gardens he visited.’
      • ‘Staff members who judged the competition were pleased with the quality of work produced by the children.’
      • ‘But he was filmed helping to judge a skateboarding competition.’
      • ‘Mr. Quinn asked me to judge the competition, but I'd rather let the audience decide the winner.’
      adjudicate, arbitrate, umpire, referee, mediate, moderate
      assess, appraise, evaluate, weigh up
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Middle English: from Old French juge (noun), juger (verb), from Latin judex, judic-, from jus ‘law’ + dicere ‘to say’.