Definition of Jomon in English:

Jomon

noun

Archaeology
  • usually as modifier An early Mesolithic-type culture in Japan (c.10,000–300 BC), preceding the Yayoi period. It is characterized by pottery decorated with a distinctive cord pattern.

    • ‘The production of earthenware in Japan goes back to the Neolithic Jomon period.’
    • ‘Most recently the Metropolitan Museum mounted an exhibition from the Mary and Jackson Burke Collection that covered a comprehensive chronological span from Jomon pottery to Hiroshige's prints.’
    • ‘The first settlers of Japan, the Jomon people, named for the cord markings that decorated the surfaces of their clay vessels, were nomadic hunter-gatherers.’
    • ‘Egypt and Sumeria were building their megaliths when the Indus, Tamil, and Jomon people were building theirs during the Ice Age.’
    • ‘The presence of both Jomon and Yayoi cultures contributed depth and complexity to the Ise complex.’
    • ‘In this new publication, Tange expanded on themes that he had already begun to explore in the earlier writings on Jomon and Yayoi.’
    • ‘Conflict between the Jomon and the Yayoi principles is to be found throughout the Katsura Palace.’
    • ‘Science writer and adventurer Jon Turk set out on a 3,000-mile voyage across the Pacific in an open boat to see if the oldest North American was in fact, a Jomon - an ancient inhabitant of Japan and related to Polynesians and the Ainu.’
    • ‘By and by the Ainu people and their culture were forced to the Northern parts of Japan by the Jomon people.’
    • ‘Archaeologial material shows something of the life of the Jomon people who were living by hunting, fishing and gathering food some 8000 years ago.’
    • ‘The earliest of the two hundred objects on view is a ceramic vessel dating to the Jomon period and the latest objects date from the Edo period.’
    • ‘Their descendants, the hunter-gatherer Jomon people, had long been the inhabitants of the islands when a large-scale immigration from Northeast Asia began around 400 BC.’
    • ‘It is difficult to hear the Jomon incantations over the din of the helicopter, which Tange tells the reader he used to inspect the shrine.’

Origin

From Japanese jōmon ‘cord pattern’.

Pronunciation

Jomon

/ˈdʒəʊmən/