Definition of jirga in English:



  • (in Afghanistan) a tribal council. A grand tribal council (loya jirga) has a legislative function in the country.

    ‘a three-day jirga of tribal elders concluded that it would oppose further military operations in their territories’
    • ‘Yesterday, after 36 hours of volatile discussions, a jirga or traditional council, including 100 different groups had reached a fragile agreement.’
    • ‘The Pushtun tradition also includes the convening of the tribal council also known as jirga to resolve major issues.’
    • ‘This has happened not only with jirga law - giving both accountability and power to tribal elders - but on a larger scale with Islamic law and practice.’
    • ‘After the welcoming ceremony, he spoke at the jirga - the council of elders - which met inside the village mosque.’


Mid 19th century: Pashto, ‘council, assembly’.