Definition of jawbone in English:



  • A bone of the jaw, especially that of the lower jaw (the mandible), or either half of this.

    • ‘Mrs Callaway received treatment for a broken jawbone, chipped cheekbone and bumps and scrapes all over her body.’
    • ‘Osteoporosis and tooth loss often go hand-in-hand because the same decrease in bone mineral density that boosts risk of hip and other fractures affects the jawbone and teeth.’
    • ‘The man's skeleton was missing its lower legs, while the woman's skull had lost its jawbone.’
    • ‘Massage a few drops of the oil on the temples and across the forehead, and then gently down and around the jawbone.’
    • ‘Up and down the coastal villages of Scotland you will see the jawbones of whales, framing entrance ways and guarding churches.’
    • ‘When teeth are lost, the jawbone may start to shrink.’
    • ‘When you chew gum, the repetitive movement of your jaw puts added tension on the muscles and joints where your jawbone meets your skull, Urbaniak says.’
    • ‘Cavitations are chronic infections in the jawbones.’
    • ‘I've recently noticed a swelling on my jawbone just below my earlobe.’
    • ‘As it turned out, the Piltdown forgery was rather crude, involving the filing down of an ape jawbone and its artificial colouring, along with the parts of a modern human cranium.’
    • ‘In some cases, where the jawbones are misaligned, oral surgery may be necessary in addition to orthodontic work.’
    • ‘He has to be operated on for an injury to his face, he has shrapnel lodged in his jawbone and a sizeable wound to the left side of his face.’
    • ‘Fibrous joints also hold the teeth in the jawbone.’
    • ‘Although myofibroma of the jawbones is a rare lesion, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unilocular radiolucent lesions in the mandible, especially in children.’
    • ‘A German man who lost his lower jaw nearly 10 years ago to a malignant tumor regained the ability to eat more than soup this year when he was given an engineered jawbone.’
    • ‘A bony layer of cementum covers the outside of the root, under the gum line, and holds the tooth in place within the jawbone.’
    • ‘The lower jawbone of the hippopotamus reveals six incisor teeth, whereas the hippopotamus that survives in Africa has only four incisors.’
    • ‘To apply powder on top of foundation, fill a brush with powder; knock off any excess; cover the centre panel, across the jawbone and down on to the neck.’
    • ‘In addition to the embryos and eye, the fossil find includes portions of a snout plus jawbones, skull bones, cheekbones, and teeth.’
    • ‘French and American paleotologists held that the jawbone and skull were obviously from two different animals and that their discovery was an accident of placement.’
    jawbone, lower jaw, mandible
    View synonyms


[WITH OBJECT]North American
  • Use one's position or authority to pressure (someone) to do something:

    ‘the Treasury could jawbone the banks into lending more to small businesses’
    • ‘Efforts by senior leaders to jawbone banks into lending to companies not targeted by the government campaign have had little effect.’
    • ‘There is a downside to propping up the dollar, particularly for American manufacturers, which is why the administration has been jawboning the Big Three to let the dollar slide a bit.’
    • ‘More important, Greenspan is jawboning the bond market into believing that the specter of deflation will stop the Fed from tightening monetary policy anytime soon.’
    • ‘But it's very ironic to me that this is a White House that has not been particularly helpful to the press, and now they're jawboning the press.’
    • ‘Basescu also jawboned local businesses to renovate schools, while bars and restaurants were encouraged to clean up sidewalks by their premises, which many actually did.’