One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A minor official or junior officer.
- ‘A significant number of labourers contract themselves out to the kdedars or jamadars who liaise between workers and contractors on a commission basis.’
- ‘In exchange of their services, jamadars and mrdhas were usually remunerated chakran or service tenure.’
- ‘Another jemadar prowled, revolver in one hand, primed grenade in the other, and kukri clenched between his teeth.’
- 1.1historical An Indian officer in a sepoy regiment.
- ‘CITATION On 12 December 1947, Nand Singh was employed as a jemadar with the 1st Sikh Regiment, defending Kashmir from a Pakistani attack.’
- ‘Maharajahs, elephants, dusty plains, imposing mountains, teeming bazaars… and loyal Indian jemadars and subedars who made sturdy and trusty subordinates.’
- ‘Again there are at least 15 pictures of caparisoned elephants, horses, infantry and jemadars and the royal couple in action.’
2A person who sweeps homes or offices as a job.
- ‘Most of the garbage is handled manually by municipal employees and private jamadars at great risk to their own health.’
- ‘Yet, the steady stream of jamadars who spend their days cleaning out the toilets of houses both modest and grand, a job that other domestic staff resolutely refuse to consider, is indicative of just how deeply rooted caste consciousness is.’
- ‘I thought jamadars carrying huge bags of garbage had little children in there.’
From Urdu jam(a)‘dār, from Persian, from Arabic jama‘, jamā‘a(t) ‘muster’ + -dār ‘holder’.
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