Definition of jamadar in English:

jamadar

(also jemadar)

noun

Indian
  • 1A minor official or junior officer.

    • ‘A significant number of labourers contract themselves out to the kdedars or jamadars who liaise between workers and contractors on a commission basis.’
    • ‘Another jemadar prowled, revolver in one hand, primed grenade in the other, and kukri clenched between his teeth.’
    • ‘In exchange of their services, jamadars and mrdhas were usually remunerated chakran or service tenure.’
    1. 1.1historical An Indian officer in a sepoy regiment.
      • ‘Maharajahs, elephants, dusty plains, imposing mountains, teeming bazaars… and loyal Indian jemadars and subedars who made sturdy and trusty subordinates.’
      • ‘CITATION On 12 December 1947, Nand Singh was employed as a jemadar with the 1st Sikh Regiment, defending Kashmir from a Pakistani attack.’
      • ‘Again there are at least 15 pictures of caparisoned elephants, horses, infantry and jemadars and the royal couple in action.’
  • 2A person who sweeps homes or offices as a job.

    • ‘Yet, the steady stream of jamadars who spend their days cleaning out the toilets of houses both modest and grand, a job that other domestic staff resolutely refuse to consider, is indicative of just how deeply rooted caste consciousness is.’
    • ‘I thought jamadars carrying huge bags of garbage had little children in there.’
    • ‘Most of the garbage is handled manually by municipal employees and private jamadars at great risk to their own health.’

Origin

From Urdu jam(a)‘dār, from Persian, from Arabic jama‘, jamā‘a(t) ‘muster’ + -dār ‘holder’.

Pronunciation

jamadar

/ˈdʒʌməˌdɑː/