Main definitions of jade in English

: jade1jade2

jade1

noun

mass noun
  • 1A hard, typically green stone used for ornaments and implements and consisting of the minerals jadeite or nephrite.

    as modifier ‘a jade figurine’
    • ‘As Hunter looked up at the ceiling, he saw that the it was covered by a single piece of a black jade, mixed with the gems, sparkling like stars in the night sky.’
    • ‘Another often used precious stone was jade, which because of its color often represented the corn plant in the Mayan culture.’
    • ‘Ancient amber, jade and other precious stones are lovingly re-created in polymer clay, as well as newer, space-age materials, such as niobium.’
    • ‘Until recently few people considered Wyoming to have potential for gemstones other than nephrite jade.’
    • ‘Of the two kinds of jade, jadeite and nephrite, the former is harder than the latter and cannot be scratched with a penknife blade.’
    weaken, make weak, make feeble, enfeeble, debilitate, enervate, sap, drain, tax, overtax, wash out, overtire, exhaust, weary, tire, tire out, fatigue, jade, wear out, prostrate, undermine, impair, render infirm, indispose, incapacitate, cripple, disable, paralyse, immobilize, lay low, put out of action
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    1. 1.1count noun An ornament made of jade.
      • ‘ADMIRERS of ancient Chinese jades have frequently noted the curious white, chalky areas which invade the otherwise firm polished surfaces of many artefacts.’
      • ‘There are some 1,000 relics of dazzling artistic and cultural value - bronzes and gold implements, jades, pottery, cowrie shell and elephant tusks, sacrificial objects, weapons and beads.’
      • ‘Our examination of this ornament and several other jades has provided evidence for the use of rotary tools during the Ming and Qing dynasties.’
      exhaust, drain, enervate, tire, fatigue, wear out, weary, debilitate, jade
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    2. 1.2 A light bluish-green.
      ‘a silk blouse in a vivid jade green’
      • ‘He had a mushroom-cut of jade-green hair, sky blue eyes, a tan skin tone, and some strong muscles.’
      • ‘The actress's eyes flash jade-green, and she blushes rosy-pink.’
      • ‘His eyes were a sweet shade in between jade green and light hazel that Rebecca had once admitted to being jealous of, and he hadn't let her live it down since.’
      • ‘She was a collection of pleasing colors, with her honey - smooth tan, jade-green eyes, and the silky blonde hair with its red and gold and even some brownish lights.’
      • ‘She was absolutely gorgeous, with long legs, flowing brown hair, and jade-green eyes.’

Origin

Late 16th century: from French le jade (earlier l'ejade), from Spanish piedra de ijada ‘stone of the flank’ (i.e. stone for colic, which it was believed to cure).

Pronunciation

jade

/dʒeɪd/

Main definitions of jade in English

: jade1jade2

jade2

noun

archaic
  • 1A bad-tempered or disreputable woman.

    shrew, curmudgeon, discontent, complainer, grumbler, moaner, fault-finder, carper
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  • 2An old or worn-out horse.

    • ‘He got the armor and also an old jade of a horse, which limped on three legs, dragging the fourth after it.’
    • ‘Lie down shamelessly, Old horse who stumbles over every rut. Resign yourself, my heart; sleep your brutish sleep. Conquered, foundered spirit! For you, old jade, Love has no more relish, no more than war.’

Origin

Late Middle English: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation

jade

/dʒeɪd/