Definition of jacquard in English:



  • 1An apparatus with perforated cards, fitted to a loom to facilitate the weaving of figured and brocaded fabrics.

    1. 1.1[mass noun]A fabric made on a loom fitted with a jacquard, with an intricate variegated pattern.
      • ‘Some of the fabrics highlighted were silk/cotton double-face duchesse satin, silk/linen jacquards and a new subtle threecolor iridescent taffeta.’
      • ‘The firm is highlighting textured woven dobbies and jacquards for bedding, as well as sheers, semi-sheers and silk-look taffetas for window coverings.’
      • ‘The company offers its customers multi-textured materials, including hand-loomed cottons, cotton canvases, linens, hemps, silks, jacquards, chenilles and velvets in muted earth tones as well as rich, primary colours.’
      • ‘‘We'll offer woven jacquards and lace, which will be made exclusively for us.… And we'll develop more washable fabrics,’ says Jenkyn Jones.’
      • ‘Prints return on textured grounds, such as jacquards, linens and surface-interest weaves.’
    2. 1.2A loom fitted with a jacquard.
      • ‘Jidabai Kunte, who creates a narli or coconut-mesh like reticulate border on her Paithani loom, explains, ‘The jacquard technique makes it possible to weave much faster.’’


Early 19th century: named after Joseph M. Jacquard (1787–1834), French weaver and inventor.