Main definitions of island in English

: island1Island2

island1

noun

  • 1A piece of land surrounded by water.

    ‘the island of Crete’
    as modifier ‘this island nation’
    • ‘Soviet troops seized the islands at the end of the war.’
    • ‘The water which surrounds the island is a rich fishing ground for tuna and mackerel.’
    • ‘A princess visits an island inhabited by two tribes.’
    • ‘Delegates from around 190 nations began the session Monday on the Indonesian resort island of Bali.’
    • ‘No one can ever be really available on our imaginary Pacific desert island mentioned earlier.’
    • ‘Forced transmigration programs involved moving people from the densely populated island of Java to the eastern provinces.’
    • ‘The first Europeans to visit these uninhabited islands thought they were bewitched.’
    • ‘The Keys are a group of coral islands stretching 100 miles from the tip of mainland Florida.’
    • ‘A tiny speck in the Sulu Sea offers a little known island paradise.’
    • ‘Their latest stop was on the beautiful holiday island of Phi Phi in Thailand.’
    • ‘Some small uninhabited Pacific islands that have existed for centuries have disappeared.’
    • ‘Together with the slightly more mountainous Antigua, they make up the island nation.’
    • ‘Cuba is an island nation located on the northern rim of the Caribbean Sea.’
    • ‘The world's smallest lizard has been discovered on a tiny Caribbean island off the coast of the Dominican Republic.’
    • ‘She longed to visit the island in the middle.’
    • ‘The game still starts off with you escorting an inquisitive journalist to a remote tropical island.’
    • ‘A passenger jet crashes on a deserted Pacific island.’
    • ‘The tiny uninhabited island is in the Sea of Japan halfway between the Korean Peninsula and Japan.’
    • ‘Today's birds descend from a generalist ancestral finch that invaded the islands from mainland Ecuador.’
    • ‘In Bangladesh, coastal areas and some offshore islands have been severely affected by floods as well as violent storms.’
    isle, islet
    View synonyms
  • 2A thing regarded as resembling an island, especially in being isolated, detached, or surrounded in some way.

    ‘the university is the last island of democracy in this country’
    • ‘The castle was an isolated island which did not need the outside world.’
    • ‘The Western system functions by allowing small islands of dissent in an overwhelming sea of conformist propaganda.’
    • ‘They make the Web a web rather than a series of isolated islands.’
    • ‘He said the true meaning of civilisation and globalisation meant the adoption of the local culture and to blend with the local culture and not to make an isolated island of cultures.’
    • ‘But if the Tories are really serious about power they must win back seats like Cambridge, an island of Liberal Democrat yellow in a surrounding sea of East Anglian blue.’
    • ‘The designers built the seating areas in tiers to create isolated islands suited to parties of different sizes.’
    • ‘For example, a head line with several islands indicates someone who is uncertain and has difficulty in communicating their ideas.’
    • ‘Most of the tables are outside in the garden, on separate isolated islands surrounded by flourishing plants that are apparently well taken care of.’
    • ‘Marketing, sales and service continue to work as separate entities, each with their own isolated islands of customer information.’
    • ‘Amid the chaos in the island of Manhattan, it seems like most urbanites tend to isolate themselves into islands of their own.’
    • ‘One would think that France was an isolated island on a completely different planet.’
    • ‘In 1393, Great Turnovo - the capital of Bulgaria remained as an isolated island in the ocean of Turkish possessions.’
    • ‘Cambridge is very much an isolated island of student life outside UW.’
    • ‘Like many other units, this particular park offers an island of serenity and beauty in a region struggling to define its future.’
    1. 2.1 A traffic island.
      • ‘I'm not talking about speed cameras, but traffic lights, pedestrian islands etc.’
      • ‘There is ample land available at the eastern end to cater for a proper island and traffic calming zone.’
      • ‘They have put traffic calming islands in the road, but lorries just swerve round them like juggernauts.’
      • ‘He lurches the car across the traffic island and accelerates toward the oncoming traffic.’
      • ‘There are about 37 traffic islands and numerous medians in that part of the city.’
    2. 2.2 A free-standing kitchen unit with a worktop, allowing access from all sides.
      • ‘She flipped it open once again as she seated herself on a stool next to the island in the kitchen.’
      • ‘There was a sparkling clean kitchen, with a black island in the middle.’
      • ‘Typical appliances rested on a long line of marble counters surrounding an island in the middle of the room.’
      • ‘Ovens are built into the kitchen side of the island so they can't be seen from the rest of the room.’
      • ‘Beyond this, the kitchen is fitted with a range of wall and floor units, a centre island, recessed lighting and tiled worktops.’
  • 3Anatomy
    A detached portion of tissue or group of cells.

    Compare with islet
    • ‘The cell islands were further demarcated from the surrounding stroma by reticulin condensation around groups of cells.’
    • ‘Stromal retraction between tumor islands and dermal connective tissue was observed in 12 cases.’
    • ‘Two cases had occasional islands of pancreatic acini and islets of Langerhans.’
    • ‘It is not known how the cholesterol and fatty acids enter the cells of lipid islands.’
    • ‘They are composed of islands, large nests, or sheets of tumor cells forming ductules, which are lined by cuboidal to columnar epithelium.’

Origin

Old English īegland, from īeg ‘island’ (from a base meaning ‘watery, watered’) + land. The change in the spelling of the first syllable in the 16th century was due to association with the unrelated word isle.

Pronunciation

island

/ˈʌɪlənd/

Main definitions of island in English

: island1Island2

Island2

proper noun

Pronunciation

Island

/ˈiːsland/