Definition of ischaemia in English:


(US ischemia)


  • [mass noun] An inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body, especially the heart muscles.

    • ‘In critical leg ischemia, blood flow is inadequate to meet the metabolic demands of the limb even at rest.’
    • ‘If a person is having low blood flow or ischemia of the heart, we would treat that.’
    • ‘In the lower extremities, arteriosclerosis causes ischemia of the calf muscles during ambulation.’
    • ‘In fact even with the improved blood supply, the heart goes into ischaemia again.’
    • ‘Although this may be secondary to sudden decompensation of chronic heart failure, myocardial ischemia is also common.’
    • ‘Local factors include the presence of foreign bodies, tissue maceration, ischaemia, and infection.’


Late 19th century (denoting the staunching of bleeding): modern Latin, from Greek iskhaimos stopping blood, from iskhein keep back + haima blood.