Definition of irrigation in English:

irrigation

noun

mass noun
  • 1The supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels.

    ‘the river supplies water for irrigation of agricultural crops’
    as modifier ‘sprinkler irrigation systems’
    • ‘A high degree of automation is possible with some types of irrigation equipment.’
    • ‘Some plants are not recommended for wastewater irrigation sites.’
    • ‘Liquids are spread on fields with tank wagons or irrigation.’
    • ‘During years of normal rainfall, supplemental irrigation appears to offer no advantages from the standpoint of yield or quality.’
    • ‘Less soil compaction occurs with irrigation than with tank wagons.’
    • ‘The goal of establishing plants in the irrigation area is to improve the appearance of the lot.’
    • ‘Three types of controllers exist for use in residential irrigation.’
    • ‘Place several rain gauges in the irrigation area to check the depth of application.’
    • ‘Slower rates of infiltration means slower recharge of soil moisture during rainfall or surface irrigation.’
    • ‘Wastewater in the second stage of a two-stage lagoon may be dilute enough for irrigation on growing crops.’
  • 2Medicine
    The process of washing out an organ or wound with a continuous flow of water or medication.

    ‘for sinus congestion, saline nasal irrigation can be helpful’
    • ‘After two months, the abdominal distension showed no improvement and bowel irrigation was needed.’
    • ‘Dizziness was the only side effect reported and was more frequent following irrigation with room temperature solution.’
    • ‘They compared the comfort level and side effects of warmed versus room-temperature saline solution for ear irrigation.’
    • ‘Methods of mechanical debridement include the use of wet-to-dry dressings, whirlpool, and wound irrigation.’
    • ‘The differences in age, operation time, ultrasound time, and amount of irrigation solution among the groups were not significant.’
    • ‘She had tried homeopathy, colonic irrigation, aloe vera, and reflexology.’
    • ‘Home remedies consisting of poultices, eye irrigations, teas, etc., are liberally provided and described in detail.’
    • ‘All three patients recovered fully after irrigation and debridement.’
    • ‘Until the early 20th century, various therapies, such as colonic irrigation, were commonly used for a variety of systemic disorders.’
    • ‘These foreign bodies can be removed by irrigation or with a curette.’

Pronunciation

irrigation

/ɪrɪˈɡeɪʃ(ə)n/