Definition of interleukin in English:

interleukin

noun

Biochemistry
  • Any of a class of glycoproteins produced by leucocytes for regulating immune responses.

    • ‘They are divided into four major groups: interleukins, interferons, tumor necrosis factors, and transformation growth factors.’
    • ‘You may have heard of some of them - the interferons and interleukins, for example.’
    • ‘By adding synthetic interleukins to your body, your immune system may have more power to fight the cancer cells.’
    • ‘ROS can stimulate the inflammatory system by causing an increase in cytokines (eg, interleukins, tumor necrosis factor) and cell adhesion.’
    • ‘These interleukins are triggered by inflammation, tissue damage, or intercurrent infections.’

Origin

1970s: from inter- ‘occurring between’ + leukocyte (variant of leucocyte)+ -in.

Pronunciation:

interleukin

/ˌɪntəˈluːkɪn/